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Appendix A Panel Workshop Agenda and Participants AGENDA This workshop is part of a study by the Panel on During this two-day meeting, scholars and practitioners from around the world will discuss specific datasets, frameworks, methods, and tools for measuring science and technology innovation (STI) activities at national and subnational levels, and for developed and developing countries. Participants will discuss: (1) metrics that have been shown to track changes in national economic growth, productivity and other indicators of social development; (2) frameworks for gathering data on academic inputs to research, development and translation processes toward commercialization of new scientific outputs, with specific regional outlooks; and (3) next-generation methods for gathering and disseminating data that give snapshot views of scientific research and innovation in sectors, such as biotechnology and information and communications technology (ICT). Presentations and networked discussions will focus attention on the policy relevance of redesigned or new indicators. DAY 1: Monday, July 11, 2011 8:00-9:00 AM REGISTRATION IN LOBBY (breakfast available in main foyer) 9:00-9:10 WELCOME AND OVERVIEW Cochairs: Robert Litan (Kauffman Foundation) and Andrew Wyckoff (OECD) Connie Citro (Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council) Steve Merrill (Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, National Research Council) 9:10-10:35 SESSION I: NEXT-GENERATION STI STATISTICS—FRAMEWORKS AND DATA Objective: Identify what the federal statistical system can produce now regarding science, technology and innovation trends. Specific measures of business and university inputs and outputs, and related outcomes and impacts are welcomed. What can be done now with existing surveys and 50
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administrative data? What do users want that requires new methods of gathering and disseminating data (types of data, linkages of agency surveys and periodicity)? What should NCSES produce to meet demand? Chair: Bob Litan (Kauffman Foundation) Discussant: John Rolph (University Southern California) Presenters: John Haltiwanger (University Maryland) Alicia Robb (Kauffman Foundation) Stefano Bertuzzi (National Institutes of Health; STAR METRICS) Matthieu Delescluse (European Commission) 10:35-10:45 BREAK (refreshments available in lobby) 10:45 AM - SESSION II: INTERNATIONAL STI INDICATORS—RECENT DEVELOPMENTS 12:45 PM Objective: Identify recent developments in measuring STI and what is currently planned for the future. Discussion should reveal what has been successfully and unsuccessfully measured. What are critical bottlenecks and perceived opportunities? Policy relevance of indicators is key. What global STI metrics and indicators should NCSES develop in the near and medium term (the next 5-10 years)? Chair: Michael Mandel (University Pennsylvania) Discussant: Andrew Wyckoff (OECD) Presenters: Jonathan Haskel (Imperial College Business School, U.K.) Brian MacAulay (National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts, U.K. Hugo Hollanders (UNU-MERIT, Netherlands) Shinichi Akaike (Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University, Japan) 12:45-1:45 LUNCH (in main foyer) 1:45-3:45 SESSION III: NEXT-GENERATION STI STATISTICS—FRONTIER METHODS Objective: Identify frameworks and tools beyond survey instruments that yield measurements of research and commercialization productivity. Details on how a statistical agency can utilize these tools are key. Education and workforce indicators are needed. Which tools are ripe for applications that NCSES should use to produce new STI indicators? Chair: Geoff Davis (Google) Discussant: Richard Freeman (Harvard University) Presenters: Erik Brynjolfsson (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Lee Giles (Penn State University) Carl Bergstrom (University of Washington) Richard Price (Academia.edu) 51
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3:45-4:00 BREAK (refreshments available in lobby) 4:00-5:00 SESSION IV: ROUNDTABLE: INDUSTRY, ACADEMIC AND GOVERNMENT PERSPECTIVES Objective: Identify what firms, universities and statistical agencies can be expected to contribute to data inputs for STI indicators. Determine new uses for STI indicators at firms, particularly multinationals. Establish what policymakers and university SPO/technology transfer managers need to know in their respective decision-making processes. Where will the indicators be used and why, and why have they not already been developed? What are the new data inputs and new statistical outputs that should be the laser focus for NCSES in the 5-10 years? Chair: Barbara Fraumeni (University Southern Maine) Discussants: Nick Donofrio (IBM) Richard Freeman (Harvard University) David Goldston (Natural Resources Defense Council) 5:00-5:10 WRAP-UP Chairs: Robert Litan and Andrew Wyckoff Study Director: Kaye Husbands Fealing (National Academies/CNSTAT) 5:30-7:00 RECEPTION (in main foyer) 7:00 PM ADJOURN DAY 2: Tuesday, July 12, 2011 8:00-8:30 AM REGISTRATION IN LOBBY (breakfast available in main foyer) 8:30-10:30 SESSION V: INTERNATIONAL STI INDICATORS—NEW REGIONS Objective: Identify new foci for STI indicators initiatives. Includes presentations on emerging economies’ measurement of STI diffusion and impacts. Discussion of service sector measures and measures of design activities. What indicators should NCSES develop to measure technological diffusion and design? Chair: Carl Dahlman (Georgetown University) Discussant: Fred Gault (UNU-Merit) Presenters: Howard Alper (University of Ottawa, Canada) Changlin Gao (Chinese Academy of Science and Technology for Development) Philippe Mawoko (NEPAD, South Africa) Gustavo Crespi (Inter-American Development Bank; Uruguay) Jayanta Chatterjee (Indian Institute of Technology-Kanpur) 52
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10:30-10:45 BREAK (refreshments available in lobby) 10:45 AM SESSION VI: SUB-NATIONAL STI INDICATORS -12:30 PM Objective: Identify state and regional indicators of entrepreneurial activities and hot-spots of innovation. What indicators should NCSES develop to measure state and regional STI and diffusion activities? Chair: Lee Wilkinson (SYSTAT) Discussant: David Goldston (Natural Resources Defense Council) Presenters: Andrew Reamer (George Washington University) Robert Atkinson (Information Technology and Innovation Foundation) Maryann Feldman (University North Carolina) David Winwood (UAB Research Foundation)/ Robert Samors (APLU, by telephone) 12:30-12:40 Wrap-up Chairs: Robert Litan and Andrew Wyckoff 12:40-2:00 LUNCH (in main foyer) 2:00 PM ADJOURN 53
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PARTICIPANTS Panel Members Robert E. Litan (Cochair), The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation Andrew W. Wyckoff (Cochair), OECD, Paris Carl J. Dahlman, Georgetown University Geoff Davis, Google, Inc. Barbara M. Fraumeni, University of Southern Maine Richard B. Freeman, Harvard University Fred Gault, United Nations University-MERIT, The Netherlands David Goldston, Natural Resource Defense Council Michael Mandel, University of Pennsylvania John E. Rolph, University of Southern California Leland Wilkinson, SYSTAT Software, Inc. Presenters Shinichi Akaike, Hitotsubashi University, Japan Howard Alper, Canada’s Science, Technology, and Innovation Council Rob Atkinson, Information Technology & Innovation Foundation Carl Bergstrom, University of Washington Stefano Bertuzzi, National Institutes of Health Eric Brynjolfsson, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Jayanta Chatterjee, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India Gustavo Crespi, Inter-American Development Bank Matthieu Delescluse, European Commission, Brussels, Belgium Nick Donofrio, IBM Maryann Feldman, University of North Carolina Changlin Gao, Chinese Academy of Science and Technology, Beijing, China Lee Giles, Penn State University John Haltiwanger, University of Maryland Jonathan Haskel, Imperial College Business School, U.K. Hugo Hollanders, Maastrict University, The Netherlands Brian MacAulay, NESTA, U.K. Philippe Mawoko, NEPAD, Pretoria, South Africa Richard Price, Academia.edu Andrew Reamer, George Washington University Alicia Robb, The Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation Robert Samors (by telephone), Association of Public and Land-grant Universities David Winwood, Association of Public and Land-grant Universities 54
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Other Participants Ana Aizcorbe, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis Jeff Alexander, SRI International Gary Anderson, Jr., National Institute of Standards & Technology Clara Asmail, National Institute of Standards & Technology B.K. Atrostic, U.S. Census Bureau David Ballard, GRA, Inc. David Beede, U.S. Department of Commerce Bob Bell, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF Brittany Bond, U.S. Department of Commerce Patrice Bourdelais, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Paul Bugg, U.S. Office of Management and Budget Lynda Carlson, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF Carolyn Carroll, STAT TECH, Inc. Arthur Cho, Japan Science & Technology Agency Carol Corrado, Georgetown Center for Business & Public Policy Louis Marc Ducharme, Statistics Canada Louise Earl, Statistics Canada Uchenna Egenti, East Tennessee State University Jonathan Epstein, U.S. Senate Paul Fakes, American Society for Mechanical Engineers Chris Fall, U.S. Military Jean Favero, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Lauren Gilchrist, Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness Stuart Graham, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Myron Gutmann, Directorate for the Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences, NSF John Hall, PA Alliance for STEM Education Kim Hamilton, U.S. Patent Board Lee Herring, Office of Legislative & Public Affairs, NSF Robert Hershey, Capital PC User Group Chris Hill, George Mason University Richard Hough, U.S. Census Bureau Tommy Hudzik, Independent Consultant Charles Hulten, University of Maryland Elmer Iglesias, U.S. Department of Commerce Takashi Inutsuka, Science Counselor, Embassy of Japan John Jankowski, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF Ken Jarboe, Athena Alliance Richard Johnson, Global Helix, LLC David Kahaner, Asian Technology Information Program Nimmi Kannankutty, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF Michael Kehoe, American Association for the Advancement of Science Todd Kuiken, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Karen Laney, U.S. International Trade Commission Chuck Larson, Innovation Research International 55
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Marc Legault, Science, Technology, and Innovation Council, Canada Rolf Lehming, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics Wendy Li, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis Ying Lowrey, U.S. Small Business Administration Shelley Martinez, U.S. Office of Management and Budget Tony Mazzaschi, Association of American Medical Colleges Christine McDonald, U.S. Office of Management and Budget Javier Miranda, U.S. Census Bureau T.C. Moore, Independent Consultant Francisco Moris, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF Paul Morris, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF Manuel Mota, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Jeri Mulrow, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF Vinh Nguyen, Independent Consultant Kimberly Noonan, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF Takashi Ohama, Japan Science & Technology Agency Sumiya Okubo, Independent Consultant Pamela O’Neil, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF Erik Pages, EntreWorks Consulting Diane Palmintera, Innovation Associates Sapun Parekh, National Science Foundation Jongwon Park, SRI International Joel Parriott, U.S. Office of Management and Budget Sebastian Pfotenhauer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Pallivi Phartiyal, American Association for the Advancement of Science Brian Reinhardt, Defense Threat Reduction Agency Sally Rood, Science Policy Works International Robert Shelton, World Technology Evaluation Center, Inc. Stephanie Shipp, IDA Science & Technology Policy Institute Debbie Stine, PCAST Andrea Stith, International Higher Education & Science Ezequiel Tacsir, Inter-American Development Bank Greg Tassey, National Institute of Standards & Technology Chris Thomas, Independent Consultant Hua Tian, Arizona State University James Tsang, Independent Consultant Nick Vonortas, George Washington University Philip Webre, Congressional Budget Office Brittany Westlake, American Chemical Society Jeremy Wise, U.S. International Trade Commission Tim Wojan, U.S. Department of Agriculture Rieko Yajima, American Association for the Advancement of Science Arthur Yong Yeung Cho, Japan Science & Technology Agency Pluvia Zuniga, United Nations University-MERIT 56
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National Research Council Staff Connie Citro, Director, Committee on National Statistics Gail Greenfield, Policy and Global Affairs Kaye Husbands Fealing, Study Director, Panel on Developing Science, Technology, and Innovation Indicators for the Future Anthony Mann, Project Associate, Panel on Developing Science, Technology, and Innovation Indicators for the Future Steve Merrill, Executive Director, Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy Miron Straf, Deputy Executive Director, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences, and Education 57