the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research has concentrated on time in geographic information systems (GIS), data quality testing, and the social and institutional aspects of GIS. Throughout his career, he has tried to connect the technical details of GIS to larger issues of philosophy and culture, and he recently, joined in an interdisciplinary group that studies the interactions of science, technology, and society. He has a B.A. (magna cum laude) in geography from the University of Massachusetts–Amherst and a Ph.D. in geography from the University of Bristol (England).

Carl J. Dahlman is the Henry R. Luce professor of international relations and information technology at Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. Previously, he worked at the World Bank, where he served as senior adviser to the World Bank Institute, and he managed an initiative providing training on the strategic use of knowledge for economic and social development to business leaders and policy makers in developing countries. He has also conducted extensive analytical work in major developing countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Russia, Turkey, India, Pakistan, China, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam, and he is currently working on studies on Mexico, China, Finland, Japan, and Korea. He has a B.A. in international relations from Princeton University and a Ph.D. in economics from Yale University.

Geoff M. Davis is a senior researcher in the User Experience Group at Google. Previously, he held positions in the Mathematics Department at Dartmouth College; in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at Rice University; with the Signal Processing Group at Microsoft Research; as a developer at a start-up company; at Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society; and a Werthheim Fellow at the Labor and Worklife Program at Harvard Law School. His mathematical research centers around representations of information, with a particular focus on wavelets and related transforms. He is a recipient of the Leon K. Kirchmayer Prize Paper Award of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. He has had a long-standing interest in science education and policy issues, and he is a past member of the Science and Engineering Workforce Project of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He has a Ph.D. in applied mathematics from the Courant Institute at New York University.

Katharine G. Frase is vice president of Industry Solutions and Emerging Business at IBM Research. Prior to this position, she was vice president of Technical and Business Strategy at IBM’s Software Group, responsible for technical strategy, business strategy, business development, standards, competitive analysis, and the application of advanced technologies. Her previous positions at IBM included vice president of technology and management of process development, design/modeling methodology and production for chip carrier assembly and final test for IBM silicon products. Her research interests include mechanical properties/structural interactions in composites, high temperature superconductors, solid electrolytes (fast ionic conductors), ceramic powder synthetic methods, and ceramic packaging. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. She has an A.B. in chemistry from Bryn Mawr College and a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from the University of Pennsylvania.

Barbara M. Fraumeni is chair of the Ph.D. program, and professor of public policy at the Muskie School of Public Service of the University of Southern Maine, where she previously served as associate dean of research. She was chief economist of the Bureau of Economic

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