shared norms that pose barriers to the use of DBER and related research. And finally, among the 191 studies reviewed by Henderson, Beach, and Finkelstein (2011), none examined initiatives that included significant changes to faculty recognition and reward systems. Considering that many change initiatives are slowed by barriers within institutional recognition and reward systems, it is important to develop approaches to overcome these barriers. This gap in the research on change initiatives that are based on DBER and related research represents an important opportunity for future study.

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