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References APS and MRS (American Physical Society and Materials Research Paper 2007-01-1575. SAE International [online]. Available: http:// Society). 2011. Energy Critical Elements. American Physical Society papers.sae.org/2007-01-1575 [accessed Dec. 15, 2011]. and Materials Research Society [online]. Available: http://www.aps. Cavataio, G., J.H.W. Jen, J.W. Girard, D. Dobson, J.R. Warner, and C.K. org/policy/reports/popa-reports/upload/elementsreport.pdf [accessed Lambert. 2009. Impact and Prevention of Ultra-Low Contamination Dec. 19, 2011]. of Platinum Group Metals on SCR Catalysts Due to DOC Design. Bart, S.C., E. Lobkovshy, and P.J. Chrik. 2004. Preparation and molecular Society of Automotive Engineering Technical Paper 2009-01-0627. SAE and electronic structures of iron(0) dinitrogen and silane complexes and International [online]. Available: http://papers.sae.org/2009-01-0627 their application to catalytic hydrogenation and hydrosilation. J. Am. [accessed Dec. 15, 2011]. Chem. Soc. 126(42):13794-13807. Cohen, B.L. 1984. Anomalous behavior of tellurium abundances. Geochim. BCG (Boston Consulting Group). 2010. Batteries for Electric Cars: Chal- Cosmochim. Acta 48:203-205. lenges, Opportunities, and the Outlook to 2020 [online]. Available: DOE (U.S. Department of Energy). 2010. Critical Materials Strategy. U.S. http://www.bcg.com/documents/file36615.pdf [accessed Dec. 15, 2011]. Department of Energy, December 2010 [online]. Available: http://energy. Blaser, H.U. 2002. The chiral switch of (S)-metolachlor: A personal account gov/sites/prod/files/edg/news/documents/criticalmaterialsstrategy.pdf of an industrial odyssey in asymmetric catalysis. Adv. Synth. Catal. [accessed Dec. 15, 2011]. 344:17-31. DuBois, D.L., and R.M. Bullock. 2011. Molecular electrocatalysts for the Blaser, H.U., H.P. Buser, K. Coers, R. Hanreich, H.P. Jalett, E. Jelsch, B. oxidation of hydrogen and the production of hydrogen—the role of Pugin, H. Schneider, F. Spindler, and A. Wagmann. 1999. The chiral pendant amines as proton relays. Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2011(7):1017- switch of metolachlor: The development of a large-scale enantioselective 1027. catalytic process. Chimia 53:275-280. Duclos, S.J. 2010. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Investigations Bradwell, D. 2011a. Storing GWh’s: Perspectives on Critical Materials for and Oversight of the House Committee on Science and Technology, Feb- Bulk Energy Storage. Presentation at the The Role of Chemical Sciences ruary 10, 2010 [online]. Available: http://gop.science.house.gov/Media/ in Finding Alternatives to Critical Resources Workshop, September 30, hearings/oversight10/mar16/Duclos.pdf [accessed Dec. 15, 2011]. 2011, Washington, DC. eBullionGuide.com. 2011. Iridium Price History - Iridium Price Chart for Bradwell, D. 2011b. Ambipolar Electrolysis and Alkaline Earth Liquid the last 5 years [online]. Available: http://www.ebullionguide.com/price- Metal Batteries, Ph.D. Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. chart-iridium-last-5-years.aspx [accessed Dec. 20, 2011]. Buchwald, S.L., and C. Bolm. 2009. On the role of metal contaminants in ESA (Electrical Storage Association). 2010. Technology Comparison catalyses with FeCl3. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 48(31):5586-5587. [ nline]. Available: http://www.electricitystorage.org/ESA/ echnologies/ o t Bullock, M. 2011. Design and Development of Molecular Electrocatalysts technology_comparisons/ [accessed Dec. 19, 2011]. for Energy Conversions Using Abundant Metals. Presentation at the The Esposito, D.V., and J.G. Chen. 2011. Monolayer platinum supported on Role of Chemical Sciences in Finding Alternatives to Critical Resources tungsten carbides as low-cost electrocatalysts: Opportunities and limita- Workshop, September 29, 2011, Washington, DC. tions. Energy Environ. Sci. 4(10):3900-3912. Bullock, R.M., and M.H. Voges. 2000. Homogeneous catalysis with inex- Ford. 2011. Diesel Engine Aftertreatment: How Ford Knocks Out the NOx. pensive metals: Ionic hydrogenation of ketones with molybdenum and Media.Ford. com., May 2011 [online]. Available: http://media.ford.com/ tungsten catalysts. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122(50):12594-12595. images/10031/SD_Diesel_Aftertreatment.pdf [accessed Dec. 19, 2011]. Casey, C.P., and H. Guan. 2009. Cyclopentadienone iron alcohol com- Galan, B.R., J. Schoffel, J.C. Linehan, C. Seu, A.M. Appel, J.A.S. Roberts, plexes: Synthesis, reactivity, and implications for the mechanism M.L. Helm, U.J. Kilgore, J.Y. Yang, D.L. DuBois, and C.P. Kubiak. 2011. Electrocatalytic oxidation of formate by [Ni(PR2NR′2)2(CH3CN)]2+ of iron-catalyzed hydrogenation of aldehydes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(7):2499-2507. complexes. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(32):12767-12779. Cavataio, G., J.J.E. Girard, C. Patterson, C. Montreuil, Y. Cheng, and C.K. Gandhi, H.S., and R.W. McCabe. 2004. Presentation at CHEMCON-2004, Lambert. 2007. Laboratory Testing of Urea-SCR Formulations to Meet the 57th Annual Congress of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers, Tier 2 Bin 5 Emissions. Society of Automotive Engineering Technical December 27-30, 2004, Mumbai, India. 47

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Appendixes

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