Mathematical science models help predict the timing and trajectory of tsunami waves based on ocean floor mappings and ocean tide gauge readings. This information is used to predict when tsunami waves will hit different coasts. *Deep Ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis
High-resolution computational models are used to simulate wave-heights for a traveling tsunami, shown here for two different earthquakes. These estimates help to identify evacuation zones and routes. The impacts of tsunamis vary widely, due to local topography, long-term sea level rise, annual climate variability, monthly tidal cycles, and short-term meteorological events.
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Mathematical Simulations / When the Lab Isn't Big Enough ."
Fueling Innovation and Discovery: The Mathematical Sciences in the 21st Century . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.