UN Food and Agriculture Organization, and National Aquaculture Centres of Asia/Pacific to identify better management practices for shrimp. He has convened multi-stakeholder roundtables to reduce the impacts of producing salmon, soy, sugarcane, cotton and palm oil. Clay leads WWF’s efforts to work with private sector companies to improve their supply chain management, particularly ingredient sourcing and carbon and water neutrality. Clay is the author of 15 books (most recently, World Aquaculture and the Environment (in press), Exploring the Links between International Business and Poverty Reduction: A Case Study of Unilever in Indonesia (2005) and World Agriculture and the Environment (2004) and more than 250 articles and 500 invited presentations. Clay studied at Harvard and the London School of Economics before receiving his Ph.D. at Cornell University in 1979 in anthropology and international agriculture.

BERT DRAKE is a former plant physiologist at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center in Edgewater, Maryland and the leader of two major ecosystem projects on the impacts of rising atmospheric CO2 and climate change. The Chesapeake Bay wetland study is now in the 23rd year making it the longest running experiment of its type ever undertaken. In collaboration with NASA, the CO2 study was expanded in 1996 to include similar studies of a nutrient and water limited dwarf oak forest on Merritt Island Wildlife Refuge at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida. These studies have resulted in more than 100 publications and involved collaborators, post doctoral fellows and graduate students from many foreign countries and the US. A popular lecturer, he has been invited to speak on the impact of global warming on terrestrial ecosystems to a wide range of educational and professional organizations. In 2005, he was designated the Distinguished Research Lecturer by the Smithsonian Institution for his long record of research and public outreach.

WILLIAM JURY (NAS) is Distinguished Professor of Soil Physics & Soil Physicist, Emeritus at the University of California, Riverside. His principal research interests are: measurement and modeling of organic and inorganic chemical movement and reactions in field soils; development and testing of organic chemical screening models; characterization volatilization losses of organic compounds. At present, Dr. Jury is conducting research in field measurement and modeling of preferential flow of chemicals, chemical transport at low water content, unstable flow of water in soil, global water management, and sequential reuse of agricultural drainage water. He is a Fellow of the Soil Science Society of America, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the American Geophysical Union. In 1999 he was presented in Washington, DC with the USDA Secretary’s Honor Award for Environmental Protection, and in 2000 was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Recently, he has been identified by the Institute for Scientific Information as among the 100 most highly cited researchers in the world in both the fields of Engineering and Environment/Ecology. Dr. Jury earned his Ph.D. and MS in Physics from the University of Wisconsin and his BS in Physics from the University of Michigan.

PHILIP PARDEY is Professor of Science and Technology Policy in the Department of Applied Economics and Director of the International Science and Technology Practice and Policy (InSTePP) center at the University of Minnesota. Previously he was a senior research fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC where he led the institute’s Science and Technology Policy Program, and prior to 1994 at the International Service for



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