Venot, J. P., H. Turral, M. Samad, and F. Molle. 2007. Explaining Basin Closure through Shifting Waterscape in the Lower Krishna Basin, South India, Research Report 111. Colombo, Sri Lanka: IWMI.

Vorosmarty, C. J., P. B. McIntyre, M. O. Gessner, D. Dudgeon, A. Prusevich, P. Green, S. Glidden, S. E. Bunn, C. A. Sullivan, C. R. Liermann, and P. M. Davies. 2010. Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity. Nature 467:555-561.


Clay, J. 2010. Agriculture from 2000 to 2050—The Business as Usual Sscenario. Washington, DC: The Global Harvest Initiative.

WWF (The World Wildlife Fund). 2010. The Living Planet Report-2010. Gland, Switzerland: WWF.


Monfreda, C., N. Ramankutty, and J. A. Foley. 2008. Farming the planet. Part 2: geographic distribution of crop areas, yields, physiological types, and net primary production in the year 2000. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 22(1):1-19.

Ramankutty, N., J. A. Foley, J. Norman, and K. McSweeney. 2002. The global distribution of cultivable lands: current patterns and sensitivity to possible climate change. Global Ecology and Biogeography 11(5):377-392.


Friedlingstein, P., R. A. Houghton, G. Marland, J. Hackler, T. A. Boden, T. J. Conway, J. G. Canadell, M. R. Raupach, P. Ciais, and C. Le Quéré. 2010. Update on CO2 emissions. Nature Geoscience 3:811-812.

Grainger, A. 2009. Measuring the planet to fill terrestrial data gaps. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106:20557-20558.

Khamzina, A., J. P. A. Lamers, and P. L. G. Vlek. 2009. Nitrogen fixation by Elaeagnus angustifolia in the reclamation of degraded croplands of Central Asia. Tree Physiology 29(6):799-808.

MEA (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment). 2005. Living beyond Our Means: Natural Assets and Human Well-Being. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Rudel, T. K., L. Schneider, M. Uriarte, B. L. Turner II, R. DeFries, D. Lawrence, J. Geoghegan, S. Hecht, A. Ickowitz, E. F. Lambin, T. Birkenholtz, S. Baptista, R. Grau. 2009. Agricultural intensification and changes in cultivated areas, 1970-2005. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106:20675-20680.

Smith, P., D. Martino, Z. Cai, D. Gwary, H. Janzen, P. Kumar, B. McCarl, S. Ogle, F. O’Mara, C. Rice, B. Scholes, O. Sirotenko, M. Howden, T. McAllister, G. Pan, V. Romanenkov, U. Schneider, and S. Towprayoon. 2007. Policy and technological constraints to implementation of greenhouse gas mitigation options in agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 118:6-28.

Vlek, P. L. G., G. Rodriguez-Kuhl, and R. Sommer. 2004. Energy use and CO2 production in tropical agriculture and means and strategies for reduction or mitigation. Environment, Development and Sustainability 6:213-233.


Capper, J. L., R. A. Cady, and D. E. Bauman. 2009. The environmental impact of dairy production: 1944 compared with 2007. Journal of Animal Science 87:2160-2167.

Capper, J. L. 2010a. The Environmental Impact of Conventional, Natural and Grass-Fed Beef Production Systems. Proceedings of the Greenhouse Gases and Animal Agriculture Conference 2010. Banff, Canada.

Capper, J. L. 2010b. The Environmental Impact of U.S. Beef Production: 1977 Compared with 2007. Proceedings of the Greenhouse Gases and Animal Agriculture Conference 2010. Banff, Canada.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement