health care and actively engaged in bringing attention to this field in the United States and internationally. Her research has focused on measuring, documenting, and understanding socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities, particularly in maternal and infant health and health care. During the 1990s she worked with World Health Organization staff in Geneva, Switzerland, to develop and implement a global initiative on equity in health and health care. Throughout her career, she has collaborated with local, state, federal, and international health agencies to see research translated into practice with the goal of achieving greater equity in health. She was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies in 2002.

Carolyn Clancy, M.D., was appointed director of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) on February 5, 2003. Prior to her appointment, Clancy served as the agency’s acting director and was previously director of AHRQ’s Center for Outcomes and Effectiveness Research. Clancy, who is a general internist and health services researcher, is a graduate of Boston College and the University of Massachusetts Medical School. Following clinical training in internal medicine, Clancy was a Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania. She was also an assistant professor in the Department of Internal Medicine at the Medical College of Virginia, before joining AHRQ in 1990. Clancy holds an academic appointment at the George Washington University School of Medicine (clinical associate professor, department of medicine) and serves as senior associate editor of Health Services Research. She has served on multiple editorial boards and is currently on the board of the Annals of Family Medicine, the American Journal of Medical Quality, and Medical Care Research and Review. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine and was elected a master of the American College of Physicians in 2004. In 2009, Clancy was chosen as the most powerful physician-executive by readers of Modern Healthcare and Modern Physician magazines. She was also awarded the 2009 William B. Graham Prize for Health Services Research. Her major research interests include improving health care quality and patient safety and reducing disparities in care associated with patients’ race, ethnicity, gender, income, and education. As director of AHRQ, she launched the first annual report to Congress on health care disparities and health care quality.

Mary Lou Fulton is a program Officer overseeing communications and media grant making at The California Endowment, the state’s largest health-focused foundation. She moved to the foundation world in 2009 after a 20-year career in journalism and digital media. Fulton started out as a reporter for the Associated Press and then joined the Los Angeles Times, where she was a reporter and editor for 6 years. She moved to the online



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