projects, many funded by the National Science Foundation, on the processes by which individuals and organizations respond to natural and technological hazards. In addition, he has had extensive experience in providing technical assistance to government agencies, industry groups, and private corporations in development of emergency plans and procedures. Professor Lindell organized and chaired an American Society of Civil Engineers Specialty Conference on Hazardous Facilities and served twice as Secretary of the Executive Committee for the ASCE Council on Natural Disaster Reduction. He co-chaired the organizing committee for a conference on protective action decision making in nuclear power plant accidents and was a member of the steering committee for a similar conference on protective action decision making in chemical emergencies. He participated in NSF’s Second Assessment of Research and Applications on Natural Hazards, serving as a member of the committee on Preparedness and Response, and chairing the committee on Adoption, Implementation, and Evaluation of Hazard Adjustments. He has served on eight consultant panels for the International Atomic Energy Agency in developing planning guidance for response to nuclear and radiological incidents, has made presentations to live National Research Council panels, and served as a member of two National Research Council panels—Disasters Research in Social Sciences and Assessing Vulnerabilities Related to the Nation’s Chemical Infrastructure. Professor Lindell has made nearly 200 presentations before scientific societies and short courses for emergency planners, as well as being an invited participant in workshops on risk communication and emergency management in the United States and internationally. He has written extensively on emergency management and is the author of more than 80 technical reports, 100 journal articles and book chapters, and 10 books/monographs. The latter include a book on risk communication in multiethnic communities (Sage, 2004) and a textbook on community emergency planning (Wiley, 2007). Professor Lindell is currently a member of the federal Advisory Committee on Earthquake Hazards Reduction and is completing his term as editor of the International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters.

Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson is an assistant professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. She conducts interdisciplinary research on the quantification of risks due to environmental contamination and on the quantitative comparison of policy options for controlling environmental risks. As an example, she is the principal investigator for a study to assess public health risks due to environmental contamination in the United Arab Emirates and to develop a national strategy to reduce those risks. Dr. MacDonald Gibson earned a dual Ph.D. degree from the Department of Engineering and Public Policy and the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in 2007. Prior to returning to school in 2003 to study for her Ph.D., she was a senior engineer at the RAND Corp. While at RAND, she served as liaison to the White House Office of

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