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Appendix G Acronyms ACS American Chemical Society AHP Analytic Hierarchy Process AIChE The American Institute of Chemical Engineers ASCE Council on Natural Disaster Reduction BCA Benefit-Cost Analysis BC Hydro British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority CAAA U.S. Congress of the Clean Air Act Amendments CACHE Computer Aids for Chemical Engineering Education CalARP California Accidental Release Prevention CARPP California Accidental Release Prevention Program CCPS Center for Chemical Process Safety CEI Dow Chemical Exposure Index CFATS Department of Homeland Security’s Chemical Facility Anti- Terrorism Standards CLC The Institute Community Liaison Committee CMA Chemical Manufacturers Association COMAH Control of Major Accidents Hazards Regulation CPS Chemical Process Safety CSB U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board CSR Corporate Social Responsibility DHS U.S. Department of Homeland Security DSPA New Jersey Domestic Security Preparedness Act 203
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204 USE AND STORAGE OF METHYL ISOCYANATE (MIC) AT BAYER CROPSCIENCE DTSC California Department of Toxic Substances Control ECB European Chemicals Bureau ECC East Carbamoylation Complex EHS Environment, Health and Safety EP Emergency Preparedness EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPCRA Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (also known as SARA Title III) ERPG Emergency Response Planning Guidelines ESF Engineering Safety Feature EU European Union F&EI Dow Fire and Explosion Index FMECA Fault Tree Analysis; Event Tree Analysis; and Failure Modes, Effects and Criticality Analysis HAZOP Hazard and Operability Analysis HCl Hydrogen Chloride HQI Health Quotient Index HSE Health and Safety Executive IBI Inherent Benign-ness Indicator ICI Imperial Chemical Industries ILO International Labor Organization INFORMS Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences INSET INherent SHE Evaluation Tool INSIDE INherent SHE [Safety, Health, Environment] In DEsign iRET Integrated Risk Estimation Tool ISD Inherently Safer Design I2SI Integrated Inherent Safety Index ISI Inherent Safety Index ISIM Inherent Safety Index Module ISL Inherent Safety Level ISO The Contra Costa Industrial Safety Ordinance ISP Inherently Safer Processes IST Inherently Safer Technology IUPAC Bureau of the International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry KPEPC Kanawha/Putnam Local Emergency Planning Committee KPIs Key Performance Indicators KVEPC Kanawha Valley Emergency Planning Committee
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205 APPENDIX G LEPC Local Emergency Planning Committees MAU Multi-Attribute Utility MAUT Multi-Attribute Utility Theory MCC N-Methyl Carbomoyl Chloride MIBK Methyl Isobutyl Ketone MIC Methyl isocyanate MMA Mono-Methylamine NACOSH National Advisory Committee on Occupational Safety and Health NAS National Academy of Sciences NCF Naphthylchloroformate NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NIHHS Installation Handling Hazardous Substances Regulations NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development OHI Occupational Health Index OSHA United States, Occupational Safety and Health Administration PCMIC People Concerned about MIC PDCA Plan Do Check Act PFD Process Flow Diagram PHA Process Hazard Analysis PIIS Loughborough Prototype Index of Inherent Safety PPA Pollution Prevention Act PRI Process Route Index PRHI Process Route Healthiness Index PSAs Probabilistic Safety Analyses PSM Process Safety Management QAISP Qualitative Assessment for Inherently Safer Design REACH European Union’s Renewed European Policy for Chemicals RISO The City of Richmond’s Industrial Safety Ordinance RMP Risk Management Program SERC State Emergency Planning Committees SFK/TAA Major Accident Commission, Technical Committee for Plant Safety (Germany) SIS Safety Instrumented Systems
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206 USE AND STORAGE OF METHYL ISOCYANATE (MIC) AT BAYER CROPSCIENCE SPI Safety Performance Indicator SREST Substance, Reactivity, Equipment, and Safety Technology TCPA Toxic Catastrophe Prevention Act TORCAT Toxic Release Consequence Analysis Tool TRI EPA’s Toxic Release Inventory UCC Union Carbide Corporation UCIL Union Carbide India Limited UNEP United Nations Environment Program VSL Value of a Statistical Life VZs Vulnerable Zones WCC West Carbamoylation Complex