Appendix B

Bibliography

Acs, Zoltan, and David Audretsch. 1990. Innovation and Small Firms. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Aerts, Kris, and Dirk Czarnitzki. 2005. “Using Innovation Survey Data to Evaluate R&D Policy: The Case of Flanders.” K.U. Leuven: Department of Applied Economics and Steunpunt O&O Statistieken.

Aerts, Kris, and Dirk Czarnitski. 2006. “The Impact of Public R&D Funding in Flanders.” IWT Studies 54.

Agence France-Presse. 2009. “EU Says Investigation Raid Pharma Giants.” October 6.

Agence France-Presse. 2011. “EU Antitrust Authorities Probe Johnson & Johnson, Novartis.” October 21.

Aghion, Phillipe, Robin Burgess, Stephen Redding, and Fabrizio Zilibotti. 2003. “The Unequal Effects of Liberalization: Theory and Evidence from India.” Washington, DC: Center for Economic Policy Research.

Agrawal, A. and R. Henderson. 2002. “Putting Patents in Context: Exploring Knowledge Transfer from MIT.” Management Science 48(1):44-60.

Ahluwalia, Montek Singh. 2001. “State Level Performance Under Economic Reforms in India.” Stanford University. Stanford Institution for Economic Policy Research Working Paper No. 96. March.

Aizcorbe, A., K. Flamm, and A. Khurshid. 2002. “The Role of Semiconductor Inputs in IT Hardware Price Decline: Computers vs. Communications.” Federal Reserve Finance and Economics Discussion Paper 2002-37. Washington, DC: The Federal Reserve Board of Governors. August 2002; revised 2004. November 2001; Revised: June 2002. JEL classification: L63, 030, 047.

Aizcorbe, A., S. Oliner, and D. Sichel. 2006. “Shifting Trends in Semiconductor Prices and the Pace of Technological Progress.” Federal Reserve Board Finance and Economics Discussion Series No. 2006-44. September. Original version: July 2003; Current version: September 2006.



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Appendix B Bibliography Acs, Zoltan, and David Audretsch. 1990. Innovation and Small Firms. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Aerts, Kris, and Dirk Czarnitzki. 2005. “Using Innovation Survey Data to Evaluate R&D Policy: The Case of Flanders.” K.U. Leuven: Department of Applied Economics and Steunpunt O&O Statistieken. Aerts, Kris, and Dirk Czarnitski. 2006. “The Impact of Public R&D Funding in Flanders.” IWT Studies 54. Agence France-Presse. 2009. "EU Says Investigation Raid Pharma Giants.” October 6. Agence France-Presse. 2011. "EU Antitrust Authorities Probe Johnson & Johnson, Novartis.” October 21. Aghion, Phillipe, Robin Burgess, Stephen Redding, and Fabrizio Zilibotti. 2003. “The Unequal Effects of Liberalization: Theory and Evidence from India.” Washington, DC: Center for Economic Policy Research. Agrawal, A. and R. Henderson. 2002. “Putting Patents in Context: Exploring Knowledge Transfer from MIT.” Management Science 48(1):44-60. Ahluwalia, Montek Singh. 2001. “State Level Performance Under Economic Reforms in India.” Stanford University. Stanford Institution for Economic Policy Research Working Paper No. 96. March. Aizcorbe, A., K. Flamm, and A. Khurshid. 2002. “The Role of Semiconductor Inputs in IT Hardware Price Decline: Computers vs. Communications.” Federal Reserve Finance and Economics Discussion Paper 2002-37. Washington, DC: The Federal Reserve Board of Governors. August 2002; revised 2004. November 2001; Revised: June 2002. JEL classification: L63, 030, 047. Aizcorbe, A., S. Oliner, and D. Sichel. 2006. “Shifting Trends in Semiconductor Prices and the Pace of Technological Progress.” Federal Reserve Board Finance and Economics Discussion Series No. 2006-44. September. Original version: July 2003; Current version: September 2006. 493

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494 APPENDIX B Alcacer, Juan and McKinsey & Co. 2009. “Mapping Innovation Clusters.” McKinsey Digital, March 19. Alic, John A., Lewis M. Branscomb, Harvey Brooks, Ashton B. Carter, and Gerald L. Epstein. 1992. Beyond Spin-off: Military and Commercial Technologies in a Changing World. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. Allen, Jonathan. 2011. “House continuing resolution would bar NASA from China ties.” Politico February 12. Allen, Stuart D., Albert N. Link, and Dan T. Rosenbaum. 2007. “Entrepreneurship and Human Capital: Evidence of Patenting Activity from the Academic Sector.” Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 31(6):937- 951. Allison J. and M. Lemley. 1998. “Empirical Evidence on the Validity of Litigated Patents.” Aipla Quarterly Journal 26:185-277. Altenburg, Tilman, Hubert Schmitz, and Andreas Stamm. 2008. “Breakthrough?: China’s and India’s Transition from Production to Innovation.” World Development 36(2):325-344. AmCham-China. 2010. “American Business in China: 2010 White Paper.” May 22. AmCham-China. 2010. “U.S. Export Competitiveness in China: Winning the World’s Fastest-Growing Market.” September. American Association for the Advancement of Sciences. 2011. “R&D in the FY 2011 year-Long Continuing Resolution.” May 2. Accessed at . American Society of Civil Engineers, 2009 Report Card for America’s Infrastructure, March 25. Accessed at . Amos, Paul, Dick Bullock, and Jitendra Sondhi. 2010. High-Speed Rail: The Fast Track to Economic Development? World Bank. July. Amparo San José, Juan Roure, and Rudy Aernoudt. 2005. “Business Angel Academies: Unleashing the Potential for Business Angel Investment.” Venture Capital 7(2). Amsden, Alice H. 2001. The Rise of “the Rest”: Challenges to the West from Late-industrializing Economies. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Amsden, Alice H. and Wan-wen Chu. 2003. Beyond Late Development: Taiwan’s Upgrading Policies. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Amsden, Alice H., Ted Tschang, and Akira Goto. 2001. “Do Foreign Companies Conduct R&D in Developing Countries? A New Approach to Analyzing the Level of R&D, with an Analysis of Singapore” Tokyo, Japan: ADB Institute Working Paper Series March 2001. Andonian , Andre, Christoph Loos, and Luiz Pires. 2009. “Building an Innovation Nation.” McKinsey & Co. March 4.

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APPENDIX B 495 Aoki, Reiko, and Sadao Nagaoka. 2004. “The Consortium Standard and Patent Pools.” Institute of Economic Research. Hitotsubashi University. Discussion Paper Series. No. 32. Accessed on 7/9/2012 at . Aoki, Reiko, and Sadao Nagaoka. 2005. “Coalition Formation for a Consortium Standard through a Standard Body and a Patent Pool: Theory and Evidence from MPEG2, DVD and 3G.” IIR Working Paper WP#05-01. February. Applied Research Institute, Inc. 2006. Survey of the Environment for Startups. Applied Research Institute. November. Archibugi, Danielle, Jeremy Howells, and Jonathan Michie, eds. 1999. Innovation Policy in a Global Economy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Argyres, N. S., and J. P. Liebeskind. 1998. “Privatizing the Intellectual Commons: Universities and the Commercialization of Biotechnology.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 35:427-454. The Arizona Republic. 2011. “Arizona Board Approves Steep Tuition Hikes.” April 8. Arora, A., and R. P. Merges. 2004. “Specialized Supply Firms, Property Rights, and Firm Boundaries.” Industrial and Corporate Change 13(3):451-476. Arora, A., M. Ceccagnoli, and W. Cohen. 2001. “R&D and the Patent Premium.” Carnegie-Mellon University and INSEAD: paper presented at the ASSA Annual Meetings. January 2002. Atlanta, Georgia. (See also same title by same authors in 2003 NBER working papers series . Arora, A., A. Fosfuri, and A. Gambardella. 2003. “Markets for Technology and Corporate Strategy.” In O. Granstrand, ed., Economics, Law, and Intellectual Property. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Arora, Ashish, Lee G. Branstetter, and Matej Drev. 2010. “Going Soft: How the Rise of Software-Based Innovation Led to the Decline of Japan’s IT Industry and the Resurgence of Silicon Valley.” National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper 16156. July. Arora, Ashish Ralph Landau, and Nathan Rosenberg, 1999. “Dynamics of Comparative Advantage in the Chemical Industry.” in Industrial Leadership, Studies of Seven Industries. David C. Mowery and Richard R. Nelson, eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Arrow, K. J. 2000. “Increasing Returns: Historiographic Issues and Path Dependence.” European Journal of the History of Economic Thought 7(2):171-180. Arrow, Kenneth. 1962. “Economic welfare and the allocation of resources for invention.” In The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Pp. 609-626. Arthur, W. Brian 1989. “Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns, and Lock-in by Historical Small Events.” Economic Journal 99(394):116-131.

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496 APPENDIX B Arthur, W. Brian. 1994. “Industry Location Pattern and the Importance of History.” In W. Brian Arthur. Increasing Returns and Path Dependence in the Economy. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. Asheim, Bjorn T. et al., eds. 2003. Regional Innovation Policy for Small- medium Enterprises. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Asmus, Peter, and Clint Wheelock. 2011. “Clean Energy: Ten Trends to Watch in 2011 and Beyond.” Pike Research. Association of University Research Parks. 1998. “Worldwide Research & Science Park Directory 1998.” New York: Coral Springs, FL: BPI Communications for Association of University Research Parks. Association of University Research Parks. 2008 “The Power of Place: A National Strategy for Building America’s Communities of Innovation.” Tucson, AZ: Association of University Research Parks. Association of Public Land-Grant Universities. 2010. “Ensuring Public Research Universities Remain Vital: A Report to the Membership on the Research University Regional Deliberations.” November. Athreye, Suma S. 2000. “Technology Policy and Innovation: The Role of Competition Between Firms.” In Pedro Conceicao et al., eds. Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: Opportunities and Challenges for the Knowledge Economy. Westport, CT: Quorum Books. Atkinson, Robert D. 2004. The Past and Future of America’s Economy-Long Waves of Innovation that Power Cycles of Growth. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Atkinson, Robert, D. 2006. “Is the Next Economy Taking Shape?” Issues in Science and Technology 62(2): 62-65. Atkinson, Robert D. 2007. “Expanding the R&E tax credit to drive innovation, competitiveness and prosperity.” Journal of Technology Transfer 32:617- 628. Atkinson, Robert. 2009. “Effective Corporate Tax Reform in the Global Innovation Economy.” Washington, DC: The Information Technology & Innovation Foundation. July. Atkinson, Robert D. 2010. “Commentary on Gregory Tassey’s ‘Rationales and Mechanisms for Revitalizing U.S. Manufacturing R&D Strategies.’” Journal of Technology Transfer 35(3). DOI 10.1007/s10961-010-9164-9. (Available at SSRN: . Atkinson, Robert D. 2012. “Worse than the Great Depression: What Experts Are Missing about American Manufacturing Decline.” Washington, DC: The Information Technology & Innovation Foundation. March. Atlanta Journal-Constitution. 2010. "FDA Has Critical Budget Shortfall.” February 16. Asia Pulse. 2010. “Taiwan Unveils First Electric Smart Commercial Vehicle.” September 28. Audretsch, D. B., ed. 1998. Industrial Policy and Competitive Advantage. Volumes 1 and 2. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

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APPENDIX B 497 Audretsch, D. B. 1998. “Agglomeration and the Location of Innovative Activity.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 14(2):18-29. Audretsch, D. B. 2001. “The Prospects for a Technology Park at Ames: A New Economy Model for Industry-Government Partnership?” In National Research Council. A Review of the New Initiatives at the NASA Ames Research Center. Charles W. Wessner, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Audretsch, D. B. 2007. The Entrepreneurial Society. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Audretsch, D. B., and M. P. Feldman. 1996. “R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production.” American Economic Review 86(3):630-640. Audretsch, D. B., and M. P. Feldman. 1999. “Innovation in Cities: Science- based Diversity, Specialization, and Localized Competition.” European Economic Review 43(2):409-429. Audretsch, D. B., B. Bozeman, K. L. Combs, M. P. Feldman, A. N. Link, D. S. Siegel, P. Stephan, G. Tassey, and C. Wessner. 2002. “The Economics of Science and Technology.” Journal of Technology Transfer 27:155-203. Audretsch, D. B., H. Grimm, and C. W. Wessner. 2005. Local Heroes in the Global Village: Globalization and the New Entrepreneurship Policies. New York: Springer. Auerbach, Alan J. 2009. “Public Finance in Practice and Theory.” Richard Musgrave Lecture. CESifo. Munich. May 25. Auerswald, Philip E., Lewis M. Branscomb, Nicholas Demos, and Brian K. Min. 2005. Understanding Private-Sector Decision Making for Early- Stage Technology Development: A “Between Invention and Innovation Project” Report. NIST GCR 02-841A. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. Augustine, Norman. 2007. Is America Falling Off the Flat Earth? Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Bae, Andy. 2011. “Lithium-Ion Battery Materials: Japan Dominates in the EV Era.” Pike Research. February 4. BBC News. 2011. “Pfizer to Close UK Research Site.” February 1. Bajaj, Vikas. 2009. “India to Spend $900 Million on Solar.” The New York Times November 20. (Accessed at ). Baker, Stephen. 2005. “New York’s Big Hopes for Nano.” Bloomberg BusinessWeek February 4. Accessed at: ). Bakouros, Y. L., D. C. Mardas, and N. C. Varsakelis. 2002. “Science Parks, a High-Tech Fantasy? An Analysis of the Science Parks of Greece.” Technovation 22(2):123-128.

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498 APPENDIX B Baldwin, J. R., P. Hanel, and D. Sabourin. 2000. “Determinants of Innovative Activity in Canadian Manufacturing Firms: The Role of Intellectual Property Rights.” Statistics Canada Working Paper No. 122. March 7. Baldwin, John Russel, and Peter Hanel. 2003. Innovation and Knowledge Creation in an Open Economy: Canadian Industry and International Implications. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Balfour, Frederik. 2010. “IPad Assembler Foxconn Says it Has More Than 1 Million Employees in China.” Bloomberg. December 10. Balzat, Markus, and Andreas Pyka. 2006. “Mapping National Innovation Systems in the OECD Area.” International Journal of Technology and Globalisation 2(1-2):158-176. Bangkok Post. 2009. "Big Pharma Learns to Live With Generics.” August 15. Baptista, R. 1998. “Clusters, Innovation, and Growth: A Survey of the Literature.” In G. M. P. Swann, M. Prevezer, and D. Stout, eds. The Dynamics of Industrial Clustering. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Barboza, David, Christopher Drew and Steve Lohr. 2011. “G.E. to Share Jet Technology with China in New Joint Venture.” New York Times January 17. P. B1. Bardham, Ashok Deo and Dwight M. Jaffeee. “Innovation, R&D, and Off- shoring.” University of California at Berkeley: Fisher Center Research Reports. Barron's. 2009. "Sequenom: Bloodied and Unbowed.” September 29. Barrett, Corelli. 1922. The Collapse of British Power. Marrow. Barose, Galen Naïm Darghouth, Ryan Wiser, and Joachim Seel. 2011. “Tracking the Sun IV: An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010.” Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. September. Bartzokas, Anthony, and Morris Teubal. 2002. “The Political Economy of Innovation Policy Implementation in Developing Countries.” Economics of Innovation and New Technology 11(4-5): Pp. 271-274. Battelle. 2008. 2009 Global R&D Funding forecast” R&D Magazine December. . Bauman, Valerie. 2008. “IBM Will Invest $1.5B to Expand NY Operations.” Associated Press. July 15. BBC. 2010. “China claims supercomputer crown.” October 28. Beinhocker, Eric D. 2007. Origin of Wealth—Evolution, Complexity, and the Radical Remaking of Economics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School. Belitz, Heike Marius Clemens, Martin Gornig, Florian Mölders, Alexander Schiersch, and Dieter Schumacher. 2011. “After the Crisis: German R&D- Intensive Industries in a Good Position.” DIW Economic Bulletin 2. Bellman, Eric. 2008. “A New Detroit Rises in India’s South.” The Wall Street Journal July 8.

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500 APPENDIX B Blockab, Joern and Philipp Sandnerc, 2009. “What is the effect of the financial crisis on venture capital financing? Empirical evidence from US Internet start-ups.” Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance 11(4). Blockab, Joern, De Vries, Geertjan and Sandner, Philipp G. 2010. “Venture Capital and the Financial Crisis: An Empirical Study Across Industries and Countries.” January 24. Blomström, Magnus, Ari Kokko, and Fredrik Sjöholm. 2002. “Growth & Innovation Policies for a Knowledge Economy: Experiences from Finland, Sweden, & Singapore.” EIJS Working Paper. Series No. 156. Bluestein, Adam and Amy Barrett. 2010. “How States Can Attract Venture Capital.” Inc. Magazine July 1. Bonvillian, William B. 2006. “Power Play, The DARPA Model and U.S. Energy Policy.” The American Interest II(2):39-48. Bonvillian , William B. and Richard Van Atta. 2011. “ARPA-E and DARPA: Applying the DARPA Model to Energy Innovation.” Journal of Technology Transfer 36:469-513. Borras, Susana. 2003. The Innovation Policy of the European Union: From Government to Governance. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Borrus, Michael, and Jay Stowsky. 2000. “Technology Policy and Economic Growth.” In Charles Edquist and Maureen McKelvey, eds. Systems of Innovation: Growth, Competitiveness and Employment, Volume 2. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. Boston Consulting Group. 2010. “Batteries for Electric Cars: Challenges, Opportunities, and the Outlook to 2020.” (Accessed at , March 28, 2012). Bosworth, Brian. 2007. “Lifelong Learning, New Strategies for the Education of Working Adults.” Center for American Progress, December. (Access at ). Bradsher, Keith. 2009 “China Builds High Wall to Guard Energy Industry.” The New York Times July 13. Bradsher, Keith. 2009. “China-U.S. Trade Dispute Has Broad Implications.” The New York Times September 14. Bradsher, Keith. 2011. “Chasing Rare Earths, Foreign Companies Expand in China.” The New York Times August 24. Bradsher, Keith. 2011. “China Benefits as U.S. Solar Industry Withers.” The New York Times September 1. Bradsher, Keith. 2011. “Hybrid in a Trade Squeeze.” The New York Times September 5. Bradsher, Keith. 2011. “U.S. Solar Panel Makers File Case Accusing China of Violating Trade Rules.” The New York Times October 19. Brady, Tim ed. 2001. The American Aviation Experience: A History. Southern Illinois University Press.

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APPENDIX B 501 Brandhorst, Jr., Henry W. “Photovoltaics—The Endless Spring.” NASA Technical Memorandum 83684. (Accessed at ). Branscomb, L. M., and P. E. Auerswald. 2001. Taking Technical Risks: How Innovators, Executives, and Investors Manage High-Tech Risks. Boston, MA: The MIT Press. Branscomb, Lewis M., and Philip E. Auerswald. 2002. Between Invention and Innovation: An Analysis of Funding for Early-Stage Technology Development. NIST GCR 02-841. Gathersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology. November. Branstetter , Lee and Yoshiaki Nakamura. 2003. “Is Japan’s Innovation Capacity in Decline?” National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper 9438. January. Braudel, Fernand. 1973. Capitalism and Material Life 1400-1800. London, UK: Harper Colophon Books. Breschi, S. and F. Lissoin. 2001. “Knowledge Spillovers and Local Innovation Systems: A Critical Survey.” Industrial and Corporate Change 10(4):975- 1005. Breznitz, Dan. 2007. Innovation in the State: Political Choice and Strategies for Growth in Israel, Taiwan, and Ireland. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Breznitz, D. and Murphree. 2011. Run of the Red Queen; Government, Innovation, and Globalization and Economic Growth in China. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Brodd, Ralph. 2005. “Factors Affecting U.S. Production Decisions: Why are There No Volume Lithium-Ion Battery Manufacturers in the United States?” ATP Working Paper Series, Working Paper 05–01, Broder, J. and J. Ansfield. 2009 “China and U.S. Seek a Truce on Greenhouse Gases.” The New York Times. June 7 Brooks, Harvey. 1996. “The Evolution of U.S. Science Policy.” Chap. 2 in Bruce L. R. Smith and Claude E. Barfield, editors. Technology, R&D, and the Economy. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution and American Enterprise Institute. Brown, Jeffrey R. 2010. “Why I Lost My Secretary: the Effect of Endowment Shocks on University Operations.” NBER. May 29. Browner, Carol. 2010. “White House Blog: 183 projects, 43 states, Tens of Thousands of High Quality Clean Energy Jobs.” January 8. Browning, L., and J. Shetler. 2000. SEMATECH: Saving the U.S. Semiconductor Industry. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press. Bruche, Gert. 2011. “A new Geography of Innovation--China and India Rising” in Karl P. Sauvant et al. ,eds. FDI Perspectives: Issues in International Investment. New York: Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment. January.

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502 APPENDIX B Buday, Sarah K, Jayne E. Stake and Zoë D. Peterson. 2012. “Gender and the Choice of a Science Career: The Impact of Social Support and Possible Selves.” Sex Roles-Journal of Research 66(3-4):197-209. Burgenmeister, Jane. 2009. “South Korea Taps Germany to Help Grow its Solar Industry.” Renewable Energy World.com. April 29. Burrelli, Joan and Alan Rapoport. 2009. Reasons for International Changes in the Ratio of Natural Science and Engineering Degrees to the College-Age Population, National Science Foundation, Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic NAF 09-308, January. Bush, Nathan. 2005. “Chinese Competition Policy, It Takes More than a Law.” China Business Review May-June. Bush, Vannevar. 1945. Science: The Endless Frontier. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Business Daily Update. 2011. "Alliances Form in Growing Pharmaceutical Market.” August 3. Business Daily Update. 2012. “Caterpillar Expands China Research Center.” January 10. Business Recorder. 2009. "WTO Allows Pakistan to Grant License.” October. Business Review Western Michigan. 2009. "Sequenom Readies Tests for Market.” March 26. Business Software Alliance and IDC. 2009. 2008 Piracy Study. May. Business Wire. 2009. "Sequenom Announces Delay in Launch of SEQureDx Trisomy 21 Test.” April 29. Business Wire. 2012. “Winston Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Receives SBIR Grant from the NIH to Investigate Treatment for Postherpetic Neuralgia of the Trigeminal Nerve.” April 9. Cai, Yong. 2012. “China’s Demographic Reality and Future.” Asian Population Studies 8(1). March. Camp, M., K. Parekh, and T. Grywalski. 2007. Ohio Venture Capital Report. Fisher College of Business. Ohio State University. Canada Council on Learning. 2010. Taking Stock of Lifelong Learning in Canada (2005-2010): Progress or Complacency? August 25. (Access at ). Canada Foundation for Innovation. Evaluation and Outcome Assessment Team 2008. 2008 Report on Results: An Analysis of Investments in Infrastructure (as of December 19, 2008). Cao, Cong, Richard P. Suttmeier, and Denis Fred Simon. 2006. “China’s 15- Year Science and Technology Plan.” Physics Today 59(12):38-43. December. Capron, Henri, and Michele Cincera. 2006. Strengths and Weaknesses of the Flemish Innovation System: An External Viewpoint. Brussels, Belgium: IWT.

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