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Appendix D 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates Data Tables That Highlight the Group Quarters Population in Virginia 125

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126 SMALL POPULATIONS, LARGE EFFECTS B26001: Group Quarters Population in Virginia Estimate Margin of Error Total 251,365 ***** B09001: Population Under 18 Years of Age in Virginia Estimate Margin of Error Total 1,831,470 +/–1,131 In households 1,825,930 +/–1,518 Under 3 years 309,657 +/–2,952 3 and 4 years 211,419 +/–2,810 5 years 98,457 +/–2,324 6 to 8 years 294,749 +/–3,337 9 to 11 years 295,298 +/–3,201 12 to 14 years 306,584 +/–3,053 15 to 17 years 309,766 +/–1,016 In group quarters 5,540 +/–927 NOTE: An ***** entry in the margin of error column indicates that the estimate is controlled. A statistical test for sampling variability is not appropriate. SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau. Available: http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index. xhtml.

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127 APPENDIX D B09016: Household Type (including living alone) by Relationship in Virginia Estimate Margin of Error Total 7,721,730 ***** In households 7,470,365 ***** In family households 6,234,990 +/–10,159 Householder 1,967,020 +/–8,603 Male 1,165,765 +/–9,416 Female 801,255 +/–5,205 Spouse 1,497,397 +/–10,474 Child 2,194,666 +/–8,133 Grandchild 137,854 +/–3,605 Brother or sister 77,810 +/–3,500 Parent 76,511 +/–3,051 Other relatives 145,889 +/–4,912 Nonrelatives 137,843 +/–3,592 Roomer or boarder 16,224 +/–1,369 Housemate or roommate 23,893 +/–1,496 Unmarried partner 53,507 +/–1,823 Foster child 4,529 +/–634 Other nonrelatives 39,690 +/–1,887 In nonfamily households 1,235,375 +/–10,159 Householder 969,614 +/–5,352 Male 439,455 +/–4,329 Living alone 339,966 +/–3,958 Not living alone 99,489 +/–2,551 Female 530,159 +/–4,294 Living alone 454,289 +/–4,088 Not living alone 75,870 +/–2,214 Nonrelatives 265,761 +/–7,354 Roomer or boarder 27,978 +/–2,498 Housemate or roommate 121,589 +/–5,044 Unmarried partner 85,067 +/–2,130 Foster child 772 +/–238 Other nonrelatives 30,355 +/–1,989 In group quarters 251,365 *****

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128 SMALL POPULATIONS, LARGE EFFECTS B09017: Relationship by Household Type (including living alone) for the Population 65 Years and Over in Virginia Estimate Margin of Error Total 907,858 +/–893 In households 869,554 +/–1,906 In family households 599,007 +/–3,799 Householder 302,380 +/–2,281 Male 213,289 +/–1,929 Female 89,091 +/–1,700 Spouse 215,765 +/–1,891 Parent 46,754 +/–1,950 Other relatives 31,078 +/–1,376 Nonrelatives 3,030 +/–353 In nonfamily households 270,547 +/–3,415 Householder 261,228 +/–3,517 Male 72,097 +/–1,487 Living alone 66,868 +/–1,468 Not living alone 5,229 +/–439 Female 189,131 +/–2,750 Living alone 183,801 +/–2,725 Not living alone 5,330 +/–438 Nonrelatives 9,319 +/–715 In group quarters 38,304 +/–1,518

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S2601A: Characteristics of the Group Quarters Population in the United States, Virginia Total Group Noninstitutionalized Quarters Institutionalized Group Group Quarters Total Population Population Quarters Population Population Margin Margin Margin Margin Subject Estimate of Error Estimate of Error Estimate of Error Estimate of Error Total Population 7,721,730 ***** 251,365 ***** 110,925 +/–632 140,440 +/–632 Sex and Age Male 49.1% +/–0.1 62.3% +/–1.1 67.0% +/–1.2 58.6% +/–1.6 Female 50.9% +/–0.1 37.7% +/–1.1 33.0% +/–1.2 41.4% +/–1.6 Under 15 years 19.7% +/–0.1 0.8% +/–0.2 1.2% +/–0.4 0.4% +/–0.3 15 to 17 years 4.1% +/–0.1 1.4% +/–0.2 2.0% +/–0.5 1.0% +/–0.2 18 to 24 years 10.3% +/–0.1 48.7% +/–0.9 11.2% +/–0.9 78.2% +/–1.4 25 to 34 years 13.5% +/–0.1 13.2% +/–0.8 19.6% +/–1.0 8.2% +/–1.1 35 to 44 years 14.8% +/–0.1 9.7% +/–0.5 17.1% +/–0.9 3.9% +/–0.6 45 to 54 years 14.8% +/–0.1 7.3% +/–0.5 11.9% +/–0.8 3.8% +/–0.6 55 to 64 years 11.1% +/–0.1 3.6% +/–0.3 5.8% +/–0.7 1.9% +/–0.4 65 to 74 years 6.4% +/–0.1 2.9% +/–0.3 5.5% +/–0.6 0.9% +/–0.2 75 to 84 years 3.9% +/–0.1 5.3% +/–0.4 11.0% +/–0.7 0.7% +/–0.3 85 years and over 1.5% +/–0.1 7.1% +/–0.5 14.7% +/–0.8 1.1% +/–0.5 Under 18 years 1,831,470 +/–1,131 5,540 +/–927 3,590 +/–738 1,950 +/–447 Male 51.1% +/–0.1 61.1% +/–6.2 75.3% +/–7.8 34.8% +/–7.2 Female 48.9% +/–0.1 38.9% +/–6.2 24.7% +/–7.8 65.2% +/–7.2 65 years and over 907,858 +/–893 38,304 +/–1,518 34,595 +/–905 3,709 +/–1,097 Male 42.0% +/–0.1 28.6% +/–1.5 27.6% +/–1.5 37.7% +/–8.1 Female 58.0% +/–0.1 71.4% +/–1.5 72.4% +/–1.5 62.3% +/–8.1 Median age (years) 36.7 +/–0.1 24.6 +/–0.4 44.3 +/–0.7 20.3 +/–0.1 Race and Hispanic Origin or Latino Origin One race 7,562,029 +/–4,542 246,435 +/–658 109,828 +/–647 136,607 +/–841 White 72.2% +/–0.1 63.8% +/–1.2 53.4% +/–1.5 72.1% +/–1.7 129 Black or African American 20.0% +/–0.1 31.7% +/–1.1 44.1% +/–1.4 21.7% +/–1.5 continued

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S2601A: Continued 130 Total Group Noninstitutionalized Quarters Institutionalized Group Group Quarters Total Population Population Quarters Population Population Margin of Margin of Margin of Margin of Subject Estimate Error Estimate Error Estimate Error Estimate Error American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3% +/–0.1 0.4% +/–0.1 0.3% +/–0.1 0.4% +/–0.1 Asian 4.9% +/–0.1 2.4% +/–0.3 0.6% +/–0.2 3.9% +/–0.5 Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.1% +/–0.1 0.1% +/–0.1 0.1% +/–0.1 0.2% +/–0.2 Some other race 2.5% +/–0.1 1.6% +/–0.3 1.5% +/–0.2 1.7% +/–0.5 Two or more races 159,701 +/–4,542 4,930 +/–658 1,097 +/–209 3,833 +/–670 Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 6.7% +/–0.1 5.3% +/–0.6 3.3% +/–0.4 6.8% +/–1.0 Not Hispanic or Latino 93.3% +/–0.1 94.7% +/–0.6 96.7% +/–0.4 93.2% +/–1.0 White alone, not Hispanic or Latino 67.0% +/–0.1 59.7% +/–1.3 51.5% +/–1.5 66.1% +/–2.0 Marital Status Population 15 years and over 6,203,670 +/–1,170 249,469 +/–580 109,566 +/–789 139,903 +/–767 Now married, except separated 51.8% +/–0.3 10.9% +/–0.6 15.7% +/–0.9 7.1% +/–0.9 Widowed 5.9% +/–0.1 9.5% +/–0.5 19.8% +/–0.8 1.5% +/–0.6 Divorced 9.5% +/–0.1 6.8% +/–0.5 11.7% +/–0.9 3.0% +/–0.6 Separated 2.6% +/–0.1 2.8% +/–0.4 4.5% +/–0.5 1.4% +/–0.5 Never married 30.2% +/–0.2 70.0% +/–0.9 48.3% +/–1.3 87.0% +/–1.3 School Enrollment Population 3 years and over enrolled in school 2,033,368 +/–7,036 92,202 +/–2,734 5,811 +/–949 86,391 +/–2,428 Nursery school through 12th grade 70.9% +/–0.2 6.1% +/–0.8 74.2% +/–9.1 1.6% +/–0.5 College or graduate school 29.1% +/–0.2 93.9% +/–0.8 25.8% +/–9.1 98.4% +/–0.5 Educational Attainment Population 25 years and over 5,092,358 +/–1,855 123,516 +/–2,250 94,892 +/–1,157 28,624 +/–1,892 High school graduate or higher 85.8% +/–0.1 60.8% +/–1.6 57.7% +/–1.6 71.2% +/–3.5 Bachelor’s degree or higher 33.4% +/–0.2 10.1% +/–1.4 8.0% +/–1.0 16.7% +/–4.5

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Veteran Status Civilian population 18 years and over 5,764,663 +/–2,777 208,547 +/–1,420 107,335 +/–988 101,212 +/–929 Civilian veteran 13.0% +/–0.1 8.5% +/–0.7 12.1% +/–1.1 4.6% +/–0.9 Disability Status Total population (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) With a disability (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) Population under 18 years (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) With a disability (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) Population 18 to 64 years (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) With a disability (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) No disability (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) Population 65 years and over (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) With a disability (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) Residence 1 Year Ago Population 1 year and over 7,619,716 +/–2,195 251,343 +/–25 110,914 +/–632 140,429 +/–643 Same address 83.3% +/–0.2 47.9% +/–1.6 59.3% +/–1.9 38.9% +/–2.5 Different address in the U.S. 15.9% +/–0.2 50.1% +/–1.4 40.3% +/–1.9 57.8% +/–2.1 Same county 6.9% +/–0.1 9.2% +/–0.6 12.0% +/–1.0 7.0% +/–0.7 Different county 9.1% +/–0.1 40.9% +/–1.4 28.4% +/–1.6 50.7% +/–2.1 Same state 5.3% +/–0.1 23.8% +/–1.0 23.7% +/–1.4 23.9% +/–1.3 Different state 3.7% +/–0.1 17.0% +/–1.0 4.7% +/–0.7 26.8% +/–1.9 Abroad 0.8% +/–0.1 2.0% +/–0.8 0.4% +/–0.1 3.3% +/–1.5 Place of Birth, Citizenship Status, and Year of Entry Total population 7,721,730 ***** 251,365 ***** 110,925 +/–632 140,440 +/–632 Native 6,941,095 +/–6,929 236,137 +/–2,236 106,575 +/–729 129,562 +/–2,339 Male 49.1% +/–0.1 61.8% +/–1.2 66.8% +/–1.2 57.6% +/–1.7 Female 50.9% +/–0.1 38.2% +/–1.2 33.2% +/–1.2 42.4% +/–1.7 Foreign born 780,635 +/–6,929 15,228 +/–2,236 4,350 +/–548 10,878 +/–2,207 Male 49.6% +/–0.3 71.0% +/–4.9 72.0% +/–5.4 70.6% +/–6.2 Female 50.4% +/–0.3 29.0% +/–4.9 28.0% +/–5.4 29.4% +/–6.2 Naturalized U.S. citizen 341,649 +/–4,673 4,892 +/–769 1,437 +/–292 3,455 +/–772 131 continued

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S2601A: Continued 132 Total Group Noninstitutionalized Quarters Institutionalized Group Group Quarters Total Population Population Quarters Population Population Margin of Margin of Margin of Margin of Subject Estimate Error Estimate Error Estimate Error Estimate Error Male 46.3% +/–0.5 59.0% +/–6.7 40.2% +/–8.8 66.8% +/–7.8 Female 53.7% +/–0.5 41.0% +/–6.7 59.8% +/–8.8 33.2% +/–7.8 Not a U.S. citizen 438,986 +/–6,779 10,336 +/–2,111 2,913 +/–470 7,423 +/–2,011 Male 52.2% +/–0.5 76.7% +/–5.7 87.6% +/–5.3 72.3% +/–8.4 Female 47.8% +/–0.5 23.3% +/–5.7 12.4% +/–5.3 27.7% +/–8.4 Entered 2000 or later 33.4% +/–0.6 47.3% +/–7.8 30.3% +/–5.0 54.1% +/–9.6 Entered 1990 to 1999 30.1% +/–0.5 29.8% +/–4.7 23.7% +/–3.6 32.2% +/–7.0 Entered before 1990 36.5% +/–0.5 22.9% +/–5.4 45.9% +/–5.9 13.7% +/–6.2 Language Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English Population 5 years and over 7,200,451 +/–924 251,162 +/–164 110,904 +/–632 140,258 +/–680 English only 86.8% +/–0.1 91.1% +/–1.0 94.3% +/–0.6 88.6% +/–1.7 Language other than English 13.2% +/–0.1 8.9% +/–1.0 5.7% +/–0.6 11.4% +/–1.7 Speak English less than “very well” 5.4% +/–0.1 3.0% +/–0.8 2.3% +/–0.3 3.5% +/–1.4 Employment Status Population 16 years and over 6,097,997 +/–2,034 248,765 +/–705 (X) (X) 139,903 +/–767 In labor force 67.4% +/–0.1 28.7% +/–1.0 (X) (X) 51.0% +/–1.8 Civilian labor force 65.4% +/–0.1 13.7% +/–1.0 (X) (X) 24.3% +/–1.9 Employed 61.8% +/–0.1 11.2% +/–1.0 (X) (X) 20.0% +/–1.7 Unemployed 3.6% +/–0.1 2.4% +/–0.3 (X) (X) 4.3% +/–0.5 Percent of civilian labor force 5.4% +/–0.1 17.8% +/–2.0 (X) (X) 17.8% +/–2.0 Armed Forces 2.1% +/–0.1 15.0% +/–0.5 (X) (X) 26.7% +/–0.7 Not in labor force 32.6% +/–0.1 71.3% +/–1.0 (X) (X) 49.0% +/–1.8

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Occupation Civilian employed population 16 years and over 3,768,930 +/–7,527 27,960 +/–2,413 (X) (X) 27,960 +/–2,413 Management, professional, and related occupations 40.5% +/–0.2 21.0% +/–2.9 (X) (X) 21.0% +/–2.9 Service occupations 15.3% +/–0.2 28.9% +/–3.0 (X) (X) 28.9% +/–3.0 Sales and office occupations 24.0% +/–0.1 30.4% +/–3.5 (X) (X) 30.4% +/–3.5 Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations 0.5% +/–0.1 8.4% +/–6.4 (X) (X) 8.4% +/–6.4 Construction, extraction, maintenance, and repair occupations 9.5% +/–0.1 4.9% +/–1.3 (X) (X) 4.9% +/–1.3 Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 10.3% +/–0.1 6.4% +/–1.6 (X) (X) 6.4% +/–1.6 Income and Benefits in the Past 12 Months (in 2009 inflation-adjusted dollars) Individuals 7,721,730 ***** 251,365 ***** 110,925 +/–632 140,440 +/–632 Per capita income (dollars) 31,606 +/–124 10,647 +/–427 11,745 +/–494 9,780 +/–586 With earnings Male 2,326,228 +/–5,004 103,664 +/–3,062 33,817 +/–1,769 69,847 +/–2,534 Female 2,089,092 +/–5,459 49,945 +/–2,492 5,616 +/–991 44,329 +/–2,194 Mean earnings (dollars) Male 54,667 +/–262 15,297 +/–690 18,204 +/–898 13,890 +/–874 Female 35,303 +/–165 6,119 +/–384 9,590 +/–1,815 5,680 +/–389 Median earnings (dollars) Male 39,054 +/–213 10,739 +/–547 11,010 +/–579 10,486 +/–951 Female 26,582 +/–142 3,058 +/–190 5,504 +/–1,832 2,860 +/–210 With Food Stamp/SNAP benefits (X) (X) 5,250 +/–877 2,805 +/–434 2,445 +/–763 Poverty Rates for People for Whom Poverty Status Is Determined All people 10.1% +/–0.1 61.2% +/–6.9 (X) (X) 61.2% +/–6.9 18 years and over 9.1% +/–0.1 61.2% +/–6.9 (X) (X) 61.2% +/–6.9 18 to 64 years 9.1% +/–0.1 66.4% +/–7.8 (X) (X) 66.4% +/–7.8 65 years and over 8.9% +/–0.2 38.1% +/–8.6 (X) (X) 38.1% +/–8.6 133

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