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data in programs primarily focused at the state and local levels. The panel also researched the availability of GQ data from sources other than the decennial census and the ACS.

Panel members discussed data collection strategies with other researchers, including staff from the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Center for Health Statistics.


At the request of the Census Bureau, the panel prepared an interim report, which focused on recommendations for near-term improvements in the sample design, weighting, and estimation of the GQ population (National Research Council, 2010). This final report incorporates the findings and recommendations from the interim report and discusses them in the broader context of long-term goals for the ACS, with special emphasis on data user needs.

Following this introduction, Chapter 2 describes the measurement of the GQ population in the ACS. Chapters 3 through 6 contain the panel’s recommendations related to data user needs and to different aspects of the ACS GQ methodology. Chapters 3 discusses data user needs. Chapter 4 focuses on the challenges related to developing and maintaining a sampling frame of GQ facilities and makes recommendations for increasing the efficiency of the updating process and sample design. Chapter 5 describes the sample allocation and selection process and offers suggestions for refining these aspects of the survey design. Chapter 6 discusses possible improvements and alternatives to the weighting and estimation procedures.

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