76” fuel-cycle facilities. These are the Paducah and Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plants. Because the plants are owned by the U.S. Department of Energy,2 they are subject to the regulations promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 40 CFR 61 (National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants), Subpart H (National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other Than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities) and Subpart Q (National Emission Standard for Radon Emissions from Department of Energy Facilities).
G.2.1 Milling Facilities
Guidance specifically for milling facility effluent monitoring is provided in Regulatory Guide 4.14. This guide recommends that a program of soil, water, air, vegetation, food, and fish sampling and direct radiation monitoring be initiated at least 12 months prior to the construction of the milling facility. The guide also recommends that an operational monitoring program be conducted during construction and after the commencement of milling operations. The recommended operational monitoring program includes the following elements:
G.2.2 Other Fuel-Cycle Facilities
Guidance for monitoring programs at other front-end facilities (e.g., conversion, enrichment, fuel fabrication) is provided in Regulatory Guide 4.16. This guide recommends that licensees:
2 These U.S. government-owned plants are leased to USEC, a private corporation.