should charter an organization such as the National Institute of Standards and Technology to conduct an analysis of available candidate commercial instruments with inputs from vest users, manufacturers, testers, policy makers, and others. The goal is to identify one or more devices meeting the characteristics of “best utility” measuring instruments as defined in this study to the government, industry, and private testing labs.

The list of best utility instruments should be shared with NIJ, international allies, and others, as appropriate, to promote measuring instrument standardization for body armor testing nationally and internationally. A formal gauge repeatability and reproducibility study is required to quantify accuracy and precision as inputs to the best utility analysis.


DOT&E. 2010. Memo on Standardization of Hard Body Armor Testing, 27 April 2010, Director, Operational Test and Evaluation.

Gryth, D., D. Rocksen, J. Persson, U. Arborelius, D. Drobin, J. Bursell, L. Olsson, and T. Kjellstrom. 2007. Severe Lung Contusion and Death After High-Velocity Behind-Armor Blunt Trauma: Relation to Protection Level. Military Medicine 172(10): 1110-1116.

Hosto, J. and C. Miser. 2008. Quantum FARO Arm Laser Scanning Body Armor Back Face Deformation. Report No. 08-MS-25. Aberdeen, Md.: U.S. Army Aberdeen Test Center Warfighter Directorate, Applied Science Test Division, Materials and Standards Testing Team.

McNeese, W., and R. Klein. 1991. Measurement systems, sampling, and process capability. Quality Engineering 4(1): 21-39.

NIST (National Institutes of Standards and Technology). 2010. Dimensional Metrology Issues of Army Body Armor Testing. Gaithersburg, Md.: NIST.

NRC (National Research Council). 2009. Phase I Report on Review of the Testing of Body Armor Materials for Use by the U.S. Army: Letter Report. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

Prather, R., C. Swann, and C. Hawkins. 1977. Backface Signatures of Soft Body Armors and the Associated Trauma Effects. ARCSL-TR-77055. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Armament Research and Development Command Technology Center.

Walton, S., A. Fournier, B. Gillich, J. Hosto, W. Boughers, C. Andres, C. Miser, J. Huber, and M. Swearingen. 2008. Summary Report of Laser Scanning Method Certification Study for Body Armor Backface Deformation Measurements. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Aberdeen Test Center.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement