do not cause fatality from pulmonary trauma. Dr. Bass has over 50 peer-reviewed publications in the areas of blast and blunt injury biomechanics and tissue biomechanics. He was awarded a Ph.D. in 1994 from the University of Virginia.

Thomas F. Budinger, NAE and IOM, is professor in the graduate division of the University of California, Berkeley; senior medical scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); and professor emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley, and San Francisco Medical Center. Dr. Budinger has authored numerous papers on specific research topics including biomedical electronics, aging and cardiovascular physiology, bioastronautics, image processing and reconstruction, nuclear magnetic resonance, positron emission tomography, reconstruction tomography, and inverse problem mathematics. He is coauthor of the text Ethics of Emerging Technologies: Scientific Facts and Moral Challenges. He received the Gold Medal from the American Roentgen Ray Society in 2009 and the Hal Anger Memorial Lectureship from the Society of Nuclear Medicine in 2010. Dr. Budinger graduated magna cum laude in chemistry from Regis College and received an M.S. in physical oceanography from the University of Washington. He subsequently received an M.D. from the University of Colorado and a Ph.D. in medical physics from the University of California, Berkeley.

Morton M. Denn is Albert Einstein Professor of Science and Engineering and director of the Levich Institute at the City College of New York. He is past professor and chair of chemical engineering at the University of California, Berkeley, and head of materials chemistry at the LBNL. He served as editor of the Journal of Rheology and received the Bingham Medal from the Society of Rheology in 1986 and the Founders Award from the American Institute of Chemical Engineers in 2008. He was elected to the NAE in 1986. Dr. Denn received a B.S.E. from Princeton University and a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota, both in chemical engineering. His expertise is relevant to this study in polymer rheology, including process dynamics of materials.

William G. Fahrenholtz is a professor of ceramic engineering at Missouri University of Science and Technology at Rolla. Before that, he was assistant professor of ceramic engineering and a research investigator in the Graduate Center for Materials Research, University of Missouri-Rolla. Dr. Fahrenholtz also worked as a research assistant professor of chemical engineering at the University of New Mexico, where he researched ceramic-metal reactions and composite formation by reactive hot pressing and reactive metal penetration, examined processing methodologies, characterized microstructures, studied reaction sequences, and evaluated mechanical properties. His current research interests include processing and characterization of ceramics, ultra-high-temperature ceramics, reaction-based processing of ceramics and ceramic-metal composites, cerium oxide coatings for corrosion protection of aluminum, and thermodynamics. Dr. Fahrenholtz received his B.S. and M.S. in ceramic



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