•  Promotion of training programs of shorter length that allow women to gain new skills and experiences on a relatively short timeline that complement more formalized programs.

•  Although national data on gender issues do exist, more regional data on female technical entrepreneurial activities may help focus policy-making efforts on this subject.

•  It would be valuable to explore effective ways to incorporate venture capitalists into the discussion of gender inequality and women in entrepreneurship.

•  The impact of lifestyle and family configuration on gender differences warrants further investigation.

•  Effective change can occur by promoting public benchmarking of larger firms and creating policies to tie mentoring to promotional advancement and economic gain.

The final discussion highlighted the wide range of career opportunities available to women in scientific and technical areas beyond traditional academic careers. Through meetings and workshops such as this one, these careers can be better understood and many important lessons can be learned from those who have been successful in entrepreneurial careers. Further, as many of the presenters articulated, careers vary and change over time, so women entrepreneurs should feel free to exit and enter a variety of opportunities as they arise over the span of their professional lives.

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