geologic, hydrologic, hydraulic, and civil or structural elements of the safety program. Doing so will ensure that the entire program is making design and operational decisions consistent with safety and community priorities for resilience.

The committee has focused largely on the concept of community and stakeholder engagement and the assessment of progress of engagement in advancing community resilience goals. The Maturity Matrix for Assessing Community Engagement can be central to both. Engagement, however, cannot substitute improved dam and levee infrastructure integrity and technical decision making, nor can it substitute adequate resource allocation for said improvements. It can, however enable effective two-way communication coupled with risk-based safety analysis and enable communities to use its resources more effectively to mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover and learn from dam and levee failure. The active engagement it encourages may facilitate common understanding of how local events or choices have impacts beyond the local community, and may help communities identify common and conflicting priorities among its local, regional, and even global members. Further, it can inform technical decision making to improve infrastructure integrity as well as strengthen a community’s ability to influence policy in positive ways.Many of the principles developed in this report are applicable not only to resilience associated with dam and levee infrastructure but to resilience associated with other types of critical infrastructure, and to disasters in general.

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