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Appendix A 21st Century Skills and Competencies Included in the OECD Survey   1. Creativity/innovation   2. Critical thinking   3. Problem solving   4. Decision making   5. Communication   6. Collaboration   7. Information literacy   8. Research and inquiry   9. Media literacy 10. Digital citizenship 11. Information and communications technology operations and concepts 12. Flexibility and adaptability 13. Initiative and self-direction 14. Productivity 15. Leadership and responsibility 16. Other (please specify) SOURCE: Adapted from Ananiadou and Claro (2009). 219

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