Report Skills

Binkley, M., Erstad, O., Herman, J., Raizen, S., Ripley, M., and Rumble, M. (2010). Defining 21st Century Skills. White Paper commissioned for the Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills Project (ATC21S). Available on request from ATC21S: http://atc21s.org/index.php/resources/white-papers/#item1.

  • Critical thinking
  • Problem solving
  • Decision making
  • Information literacy (including research on sources, evidence, biases)
  • Information and communications technology literacy
  • Creativity/innovation
  • Personal and social responsibility (including cultural awareness and competence)
  • Communication
  • Collaboration

Conley, D.T. (2007). Redefining College Readiness. Eugene, OR: Educational Policy Improvement Center. Available: https://www.epiconline.org/files/pdf/RedefiningCollegeReadiness.pdf [October 2011].

  • Problem solving
  • Analysis
  • Reasoning/argumentation
  • Interpretation

Finegold, D., and Notabartolo, A.S. (2010). 21st Century Competencies and Their Impact: An Interdisciplinary Literature Review. Paper commissioned for the NRC Project on Research on 21st Century Competencies: A Planning Process on Behalf of the Hewlett Foundation. Available: http://www7.nationalacademies.org/bota/Finegold_Notabartolo_Impact_Paper.pdf [October 2011].

  • Critical thinking
  • Problem solving
  • Decision making
  • Information literacy
  • Information and communication technology literacy
  • Creativity/innovation
  • Flexibility
  • Communication
  • Collaboration
  • Leadership
  • Responsibility
  • Initiative
  • Self-direction
  • Productivity

Hoyle, R.H., and Davisson, E.K. (2011). Assessment of Self-Regulation and Related Constructs: Prospects and Challenges. Paper prepared for the NRC Workshop on Assessment of 21st Century Skills. Available: http://www7.nationalacademies.org/bota/21st_Century_Workshop_Hoyle_Paper.pdf [October 2011].

  • Executive function (inhibition, working memory, shifting)
  • Leadership
  • Type 1 processes (forethought, performance, self-reflection)
  • Type 2 processes (self-monitoring, self-evaluation, self-reinforcement)


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