of Children and Families (2001). With Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, he co-edited two books on neighborhood poverty and child development. He continues to study neighborhood effects on the development of children and adolescents and other issues involving welfare reform, income distribution, and its consequences for children and adults. Duncan is a member of the interdisciplinary MacArthur Network on the Family and the Economy. He was elected president of the Society for Research in Child Development for 2009-2011. A member of the National Academy of Sciences, Dr. Duncan currently serves on the steering committee for the Board on Testing and Assessment’s Workshop on Assessment of 21st Century Skills. He previously served as a member of the Panel to Review the National Children’s Study Research Plan, and as co-chair of the Committee on Evaluation of Children’s Health. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan.

JOAN L. HERMAN is director of the National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST) at the University of California, Los Angeles. Her research has explored the effects of testing on schools and the design of assessment systems to support school planning and instructional improvement. Her recent work has focused on the validity and utility of teachers’ formative assessment practices in mathematics and science. She also has wide experience as an evaluator of school reform and is noted in bridging research and practice. A former teacher and school board member, Herman also has published extensively in research journals and is a frequent speaker to policy audiences on evaluation and assessment topics. She is past president of the California Educational Research Association, has held a variety of leadership positions in the American Educational Research Association and Knowledge Alliance, is a member of the Joint Committee for the Revision of the Standards for Educational and Psychological Measurement, co-chairs the Board of Education for Para Los Niños, and is current editor of Educational Assessment. She served as a member of the National Research Council’s Committee on Test Design for K-12 Science Achievement as well as the Roundtable on Education Systems and Accountability and the Committee on Best Practices for State Assessment Systems and is chairing the Board on Testing and Assessment’s Workshop on 21st Century Skills. Ms. Herman received her doctorate of education in learning and instruction from the University of California, Los Angeles.

MARGARET A. HONEY joined the New York Hall of Science as president and chief executive officer in November 2008. She is widely recognized for her work using digital technologies to support children’s learning across the disciplines of science, mathematics, engineering, and technology. Prior to joining the New York Hall of Science, she was vice president of Wireless



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