National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. (2011). Expanding underrepresented minority participation: America’s science and technology talent at the crossroads. Committee on Underrepresented Groups and the Expansion of the Science and Engineering Workforce Pipeline; Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy; Policy and Global Affairs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

National Center for Education Statistics. (2011). Students attending for-profit postsecondary institutions: Demographics, enrollment characteristics, and 6-year outcomes. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences.

National Center for Education Statistics. (n.d.-a). Table A-40-1: Number of associate’s and bachelor’s degrees awarded by degree-granting institutions, percentage of total, number and percentage awarded to females, and percent change, by selected fields of study: Academic years 1998-99 and 2008-09. Available:http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/ctes/tables/index.asp?LEVEL=COLLEGE [January 25, 2012].

National Center for Education Statistics. (n.d.-b). Table P45: Percentage distribution of credentialseeking undergraduates, by sex, race/ethnicity, age, credential goal, and curriculum area: 2007-08. Available: http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/ctes/tables/index.asp?LEVEL=COLLEGE [January 25, 2012].

National Center for Education Statistics. (n.d.-c). Table P46: Percentage distribution of credentialseeking undergraduates in career education, by sex, race/ethnicity, age, credential goal, and career field of study: 2007-08. Available: http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/ctes/tables/index.asp?LEVEL=COLLEGE [January 25, 2012].

National Science Board. (2010). Preparing the next generation of STEM innovators: Identifying and developing our national human capital. Arlington, VA: Author.

National Science Foundation. (2011). Women, minorities, and persons with disabilities in science and engineering: 2011 (No. NSF 04-317.) Arlington, VA: Author.

Ornelas, A., and Solorzano, D.G. (2004). Transfer conditions of Latina/o community college students: A single institution case study. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 28(3), 233-248.

Packard, B.W.-L. (2011). Effective outreach, recruitment, and mentoring into STEM pathways:

Strengthening partnerships with community colleges. Paper presented at the Community Colleges in the Evolving STEM Education Landscape, Washington, DC.

Packard, B.W.-L., Gagnon, J.L., LaBelle, O., Jeffers, K., and Lynn, E. (2011). Women’s experiences in the STEM community college transfer pathway. Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, 17(2), 129-147.

Pak, J., Bensimon, E.M., Malcom, L.E., Marquez, A., and Park, D. (2006). The life histories of ten individuals who crossed the border between community colleges and selective four-year colleges. Los Angeles: University of Southern California.

Parsad, B., Lewis, L., and Greene, B. (2003). Remedial education at degree-granting postsecondary institutions in Fall 2000. (No. NCES 2004-010.) Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics.

Pascarella, E.T., Whitt, E.J., Edison, M.I., Nora, A., Hagedorn, L.S., Yeager, P.M., et al. (1997). Women’s perceptions of a “chilly climate” and their cognitive outcomes during the first year of college. Journal of College Student Development, 38(2), 109-124.

Penuel, W.R., Fishman, B.J., Cheng, B.H., and Sabelli, N. (2011). Organizing research and development at the intersection of learning, implementation, and design. Educational Researcher, 40(7), 331-337.

Polkinghorne, D.E. (2004). Practice and the human sciences: The case for a judgment-based practice of care. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Reyes, M.-E. (2011). Unique challenges for women of color in STEM transferring from community college to universities. Harvard Educational Review, 81(2), 241-263.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement