ities exploring emerging workforce skill demands and K-12 and higher education to meet those demands. She has convened a planning meeting on career-technical education and workshops on future skill demands, promising practices in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, and the intersection of science education and 21st century skills. She has directed studies of high school science laboratories, the Occupational Information Network (O*NET) database and the use of simulations and games for science learning. She is currently directing a study on Defining Deeper Learning and 21st Century Skills. She has a B.A. in geography from the University of Michigan, a master of regional planning from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and master of arts in education and human development from George Washington University.

MARY ANN KASPER is a senior program assistant in the Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education at the National Research Council. She has assisted on many projects and their reports, among them: America’s Lab Report: Investigations in High School Science, International Education and Foreign Languages: Keys to Securing America’s Future, Mathematics Learning in Early Childhood: Paths Toward Excellence and Equity, and Student Mobility: Exploring the Impacts of Frequent Moves on Achievement. She is presently assisting with other projects, including a study on adolescent and adult literacy, and a report on the use of social science evidence for public policy.

MARTIN STORKSDIECK (co-PI) serves as director of the Board on Science Education (BOSE) where he oversees studies that address a wide range of issues with connections to this project (e.g., climate change education, developing a conceptual framework for new science education standards, and discipline-based education research in higher education). As a co-PI, he will link the work of the ad-hoc committee to relevant work being undertaken by BOSE, especially the development of a proposed study on Barriers and Opportunities in Completing Two-and Four-Year STEM Degrees. He holds an M.S. in biology from Albert-Ludwigs University in Freiburg, Germany, an M.P.A. from Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government, and a Ph.D. in education from Leuphana University in Lüneburg, Germany.

CYNTHIA WEI was a National Academies Christine Mirzayan Science & Technology Policy Fellow working with Dr. Labov at the time of the summit. She recently completed a AAAS Science & Technology Policy Fellowship at the National Science Foundation in the Division of Undergraduate Education, where she worked on a wide range of issues in science, tech-



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