develop and head a Biotechnology Program. She served as a program director twice in the Division of Undergraduate Education as a rotator. Dr. Carter accepted a permanent program director position in DUE in 2009; she is the lead program director for the Advanced Technological Education (ATE) Program in DUE.

Betty Carvellas retired in 2007 after teaching science for 39 years at the middle and high school levels. She was a founding member of the National Academies Teacher Advisory Council (TAC) and currently serves as the Teacher Leader for the TAC. Her interests include interdisciplinary teaching, connecting “school” science to the real world, and bringing the practice of science into the classroom. Throughout her career, she traveled extensively on her own and with students. Her professional service includes work at the local, state, and national levels. She served as co-chair of the education committee and was a member of the executive board of the Council of Scientific Society Presidents and is a past president of the National Association of Biology Teachers. Included among her awards are the Outstanding Science Teacher-Vermont (1981), Presidential Award for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching (1984), and a Christa McAuliffe fellowship. In 2001, she was selected for an NSF program, Teachers Experiencing Antarctica and the Arctic, and she has since participated in seven research expeditions in the Arctic. In 2008, she was designated a lifetime National Associate of the National Research Council of the National Academies. She received her B.A. from Colby College, her M.S. from the State University of New York at Oswego, and a Certificate of Advanced Study from the University of Vermont.

Amy L. Chang has served the American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Education Board since the 1980s. The ASM is one of the oldest and largest life science organizations, representing 38,000 members worldwide. About 60 percent of the members are microbiologists employed as faculty, staff, administrators, researchers, and students at colleges and universities. The Board advances the ASM’s mission to educate individuals at all levels in the microbiological sciences. ASM is a voluntary organization. ASM members, serving as leaders and scientific experts, work in concert with a professional staff to sponsor programs, advance the ASM mission, and ensure stability.

Under her leadership, the Board is responsible for educators and faculty programs including the (i) annual Conference for Undergraduate Educators; (ii) professional development program in science teaching and science education research (Biology Scholars and Faculty Programs); and (iii) Journal of Microbiology and Biology Education and digital resources for microbiology. In September 2000, the Board was bestowed with the Presi-

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