G


Acronyms and Abbreviations

3D-WINDS

3D Tropospheric Winds from Space-based Lidar

4STAR

Spectrometer for Sky-Scanning, Sun-Tracking Atmospheric Research (for SEAC4RS)

ABACATE

Airborne Biodiversity Assessment of Coastal and Terrestrial Ecosystems

ACE

Aerosol/Cloud/Ecosystems [Missions]

ACRIMSAT

Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite

ADM

Atmospheric Dynamics Mission

AERONET

Aerosol Robotic Network

AID

Aircraft Instrument Demonstration

AIRS

Atmospheric Infrared Sounder

Aladin

Atmospheric Laser Doppler-Lidar Instrument

ALT

[Ocean] Altimeter

AMSR-E

Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS

APS

Advanced Polarimetry Sensor

ARCTAS

Arctic Research of the Composition of the Troposphere from Aircraft and Satellites

ARRA

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

ASCENDS

Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days, and Seasons

ASTER

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

ATMS

Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

AVIRIS CONUS

Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer [over the] continental United States



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G Acronyms and Abbreviations 3D-WINDS 3D Tropospheric Winds from Space-based Lidar 4STAR Spectrometer for Sky-Scanning, Sun-Tracking Atmospheric Research (for SEAC4RS) ABACATE Airborne Biodiversity Assessment of Coastal and Terrestrial Ecosystems ACE Aerosol/Cloud/Ecosystems [Missions] ACRIMSAT Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite ADM Atmospheric Dynamics Mission AERONET Aerosol Robotic Network AID Aircraft Instrument Demonstration AIRS Atmospheric Infrared Sounder Aladin Atmospheric Laser Doppler-Lidar Instrument ALT [Ocean] Altimeter AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS APS Advanced Polarimetry Sensor ARCTAS Arctic Research of the Composition of the Troposphere from Aircraft and Satellites ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ASCENDS Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days, and Seasons ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder AVIRIS CONUS Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer [over the] continental United States 106

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APPENDIX G 107 CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations CAR Cloud Absorption Radiometer CASIE Characterization of Arctic Sea Ice Experiment CC-VEX Calipso and CloudSat Validation Experiment CERES Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System CIESEN Center from International Earth Science Information Network CLARREO Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory CLASIC Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign CLPXII Cold Land Processes Field Experiment (II) CMIS Conical Microwave Imager/Sounder CNES Centre National d’Études Spaciales CONAE Comision Nacional de Actividades Espaciales COSMIC Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate; aka FORMOSAT CrIS Cross-track Infrared Sounder CTM Chemistry and Transport Model DESDynI Deformation, Ecosystem Structure, and Dynamics of Ice DFS Dual-frequency Scatterometer DISCOVER-AQ Deriving Information on Surface conditions from Column and Vertically Resolved Observations Relevant to Air Quality DLR German Aerospace Center DOD Department of Defense DOI Department of the Interior DPR Dual-Frequency Precipitation Radar DSCOVR Deep Space Climate Observatory DWSS Defense Weather Satellite System ECMWF European Centre from Medium Range Weather Forecasts EDU Engineering Development Unit EELV Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle EO-1 Earth Observing Mission-1 EOS Earth Observing System EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System ERB Earth Radiation Budget ERBS Earth Radiation Budget Sensor ESA European Space Agency ESAS Earth Science and Applications from Space ESD Earth Science Division

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108 EARTH SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS FROM SPACE ESE Earth Science Enterprise ESPO Earth Science Program Office ESTO Earth Science Technology Office EUMETSAT European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites EV Earth Venture FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FNMOC U.S. Navy’s Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center FORMOSAT See COSMIC GACM Global Atmospheric Composition Mission GCOM-C Global Change Observation Mission-Climate GCOM-W Global Change Observation Mission-Water GEO-CAPE Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events [mission] GIFTS Geosynchronous Imaging Fourier Transfer System GLEAM Great Lakes Environmental Assessment and Mapping [Project] GloPac Global Hawk Pacific GMAO Global Modeling and Assimilation Office GMI GPM Microwave Imager GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System GODAE Global Ocean Data Assimilation Office GOES-R Geostationary Orbit Environmental Satellite-R Series GOSAT Greenhouse Gas Observing Satellite GPM Global Precipitation Measurement GPS Global Positioning System GPSRO Global Positioning System Radio Occultation GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment GRACE-FO Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment-Follow On GRACE-II Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment-II GRIP Genesis and Rapid Intensification Process GWE Global Weather Experiment HES Hyperspectral Environmental Suite HEX Hydrometeorological Experiment HICO Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean HyspIRI Hyperspectral Infrared Imager IASI Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer ICECAP Investigating the Crysopheric Evolution of the Central Antarctic Plate

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APPENDIX G 109 ICESat-2 Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions INTEX-B Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment Phase B IPO Integrated Program Office ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project ISS International Space Station JASD Joint Agency Satellite Division JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JCSDA Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation JEM-EF Japanese Experiment Module-Exposed Facility JPSS Joint Polar Satellite System LASP Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics LCLUC Land Cover/Land Use Change LDCM Landsat Data Continuity Mission LIO Low-Inclination Orbiter LIST Lidar Surface Topography MACPEX Mid-latitude Airborne Cirrus Properties Experiment MAP Modeling, Analysis, and Prediction MAPEX Midlatitude Airborne Cirrus Properties Experiment MERRA Modern Era Retrospective-Analysis for Research and Applications MILAGRO Megacity Initiative: Local and Global Research Observations MODIS Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MOE Mission Operations Element NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NESDIS National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service NLS NASA Launch Services NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project NRC National Research Council NWS National Weather Service OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory OIB Operation IceBridge OLI Operational Land Imager

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110 EARTH SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS FROM SPACE OMB Office of Management and Budget OMPS Ozone Monitoring and Profiling Suite ONR Office of Naval Research OSC Orbital Sciences Corporation OSSE Observing System Simulation Experiment OSTM Ocean Surface Topography Mission OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy PACE Pre-Aerosol, Clouds, and ocean Ecosystem PATH Precipitation and All-weather Temperature and Humidity POC Point of Contact QuikSCAT Quick Scatterometer R&A Research and Analysis ROSES Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences SAC[-D] Satélite de Aplicaciones Científicas SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar SCLP Snow and Cold Land Processes SEAC RS Southeast Asia Composition, Cloud, Climate Coupling Regional Study 4 SEDAC Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center SIMPL Slope Imagine Multi-polarization Photon-counting Lidar SMAP Soil Moisture Active-Passive SMAPVEX Soil Moisture Active-Passive-Validation Experiment SMD [NASA] Science Mission Directorate SLR Satellite Laser Ranging SORCE Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment SPoRT Short-Term Prediction and Research Transition Center SWOT Surface Water and Ocean Topography TC-4 Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling TCCON Total Carbon Column Observing Network TIM Total Irradiance Monitor TIRS Thermal Infrared Sensors TOPEX Ocean Topography Experiment TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

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APPENDIX G 111 TSI Total Solar Irradiance TSIS Total Solar Irradiance Sensor UAS Unmanned Aircraft System UAV Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle UAVSAR Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar ULA United Launch Alliance USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGEO U.S. Group on Earth Observations USGS U.S. Geological Survey VIRS Visible and Infrared Scanner VLBI Very Long Baseline Interferometry XOVWM Extended Ocean Vector Winds Mission

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