TABLE 3.1 Summary of Decadal Survey Related NOAA Developments

Capability Current Status
NPOESS Canceled in 2010 and split into separate NOAA (JPSS) and Air Force (DWSS) programs. JPSS is experiencing delays as a result of significant shortfalls in the requested funding for FY2011. The joint NASA/NOAA NPP mission was launched successfully on October 28, 2011.

Restore descoped sensors No NPOESS climate sensors flown.

Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor (APS) Failed to reach orbit due to the Glory launch vehicle failure.

Total Solar Irradiance Sensor (TSIS) TIM instrument on Glory failed to reach orbit due to the Glory launch vehicle failure. TSIS (TIM + SIM) is currently NOAA’s highest priority for flight of the canceled NPOESS climate sensors. Several options, including a free-flyer mission for a TIM, are under consideration.

Ozone Monitoring and Profiling Suite (OMPS) - Limb On NPP, but not on JPSS-1. Planned to be included on JPSS-2 launching no earlier than 2019.

Earth Radiation Budget Sensor (ERBS) Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) instrument on NPP and JPSS-1 no earlier than 2017; no current plans to fly an ERBS as a follow-on to CERES.

Altimeter (ALT) Canceled on NPOESS/JPSS. Altimetry measurements will be provided by the Jason series of spacecraft; however, in part due to budgetary shortfalls at NOAA, the next in the series, Jason-3, will launch no earlier than April 2014, 6.5 years after the launch of Jason-2. Additional delays are likely due to both budgetary problems and the negative impact of two recent Taurus XL launch failures.

Ocean Vector Winds (aka XOVWM) In an effort to establish an operational ocean surface vector wind satellite capability, NOAA NESDIS had been exploring the possibility of flying a U.S. scatterometer (DFS—dual frequency scatterometer) on board the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency’s (JAXA’s) Global Change Observation Mission (GCOM) satellite series. NOAA has now announced that it does not have the ability to fund this effort and has requested that NASA assume responsibility for the provision of ocean surface vector winds data.

GOES-R/Hyperspectral Environmental Suite (HES) Advanced atmospheric sounder requirement deleted from GOES-R program. As a result, U.S. geosynchronous sounding capability will end after GOES-N/O/P.

COSMIC-2 (aka GPSRO) A plan is in place with the U.S. Air Force for a 12-satellite constellation; however, the President’s budget for NOAA for FY2011 and FY2012, which included funds for COSMIC-2, was zeroed by Congress. As this report went to press, the Air Force announced that it would fund at least six of the payloads for COSMIC-2 and provide a launch.

Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) The Earth-viewing instruments of DSCOVR were not identified as a decadal survey priority; however, the survey noted the important use of the DSCOVR spacecraft bus as a platform for space weather instruments at L1. NOAA did not receive funding for DSCOVR in FY2011; however, the FY2012 enacted budget provided $29.8 million. The U.S. Air Force will pay for the launch of DSCOVR, which is now planned for 2014.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement