and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future Committee; the Panel on Options to Ensure the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft; and Committee on a Strategy to Mitigate the Impact of Sensor Descopes and Demanifests on the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft. Dr. Boland recently completed membership on the NRC Committee on Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Cooperation on Space and Earth Science Missions.

ANTONIO J. BUSALACCHI, JR., is director of the Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center and a professor in the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science at the University of Maryland. His research interests include tropical ocean circulation and its role in the coupled climate system and climate variability and predictability. Dr. Busalacchi has been involved in the activities of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) for many years and currently is chair of the Joint Scientific Committee that oversees the WCRP. He previously was co-chair of the scientific steering group for its subprogram on climate variability and predictability. Dr. Busalacchi received a B.S. in physics from Florida State University, and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in oceanography from Florida State University. He has served extensively on NRC activities, including as chair of the Climate Research Committee and Committee on a Strategy to Mitigate the Impact of Sensor Descopes and Demanifests on the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System and Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Spacecraft, and as a member of the Committee on Earth Studies, the Panel on the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Program, and the Panel on Ocean Atmosphere Observations Supporting Short-Term Climate Predictions. Dr. Busalacchi currently serves as chair of the NRC’s Board on Atmospheric Sciences, and is co-chair of the Committee on National Security Implications of Climate Change on U.S. Naval Forces, and recently completed service on the Committee on Assessment of Impediments to Interagency Cooperation on Space and Earth Science Missions, and the Committee on the Effect of Climate Change on Indoor Air Quality and Public Health.

ANNY CAZENAVE is a senior scientist at the Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES) and deputy director of the Laboratory for Space Studies in Geophysics and Oceanography. Dr. Cazenave’s major areas of research focus on the application of satellite geodesy to climate change, sea level variation, and large-scale continental hydrology. She is a member of the Global Geodetic Observing System scientific panel and lead author on IPCC Working Group I for Ocean Climate and Sea-level. She is past president of the Geodesy Section of the European Geophysical Union (EGU) and was its Vening-Meinesz Medalist in 1999. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the French Academy of Sciences, the Academia Europaea, the the Académie de l’Air et de l’Espace, and she is a fellow of the AGU. Her honors include Officier de l’Ordre National du Mérite and Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur and election to the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Cazenave received her Ph.D. in geophysics from the University of Toulouse. Prior NRC service includes membership on the Committee on National Requirements for Precision Geodetic Infrastructure, the Panel on Water Resources and the Global Hydrologic Cycle for the 2007 decadal survey on Earth science and applications from space, and the Committee to Review NASA’s Solid Earth Science Strategy.

RUTH S. DeFRIES is the Denning Professor of Sustainable Development at Columbia University. Before joining Columbia University, Dr. DeFries was a professor at the University of Maryland, where she held joint appointments in the Department of Geography and the Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center. Her research investigates the relationships between human activities, the land surface, and the biophysical and biogeochemical processes that regulate Earth’s habitability. She is interested in observing land-cover and land-use change on regional and global scales with remotely sensed data and exploring the implications for ecological services, such as climate regulation, the carbon cycle, and biodiversity. Dr. DeFries



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