The Commission on Pathways Through Graduate School and into Careers (Wendler et al. 2012) is following up on The Path Forward report (Wendler et al. 2010) by looking at the factors that motivate or deter students from pursuing graduate studies in critical areas, particularly science and engineering but also others that align with careers in areas of national priority. It is examining what graduate students know about career paths, their aspirations, how they learn about occupational opportunities, the role of faculty and universities in this process, and the kinds of careers and occupations that people with graduate degrees follow. As part of the study, a survey of students who took the GRE between 2002 and 2011 generated 6,000 responses from students who are planning or currently engaged in graduate education. Surveys and interviews of deans and employers have revealed new information about their roles and expectations.