school, including opportunities to meet with chemistry PhDs who have entered those careers, can provide graduate students with information they need to make career decisions. (Schomaker)

•   Graduate education can be excellent preparation for a teaching career either in higher education or K-12 education. (Gerratana)

•   Teaching skills are important in industry as well as in academia to explain ideas and urge particular actions. (Shenoy)

•   Opportunities to teach and mentor undergraduates and other students improves communication skills and understanding of the material being taught. (Schomaker)

•   The opportunity to write and revise research proposals in graduate school, with feedback from advisors, can provide experience useful in many future careers. (Shomaker)

•   Research done in interdisciplinary groups with multiple advisors could broaden graduate education and expose students to a diversity of approaches, as well as helping to prevent mistreatment of graduate students. (Bergman)

•   Alternately, research projects under single advisors but with extensive collaborations could provide both breadth and depth in graduate education. (Boering)

•   Exposure to “entrepreneuring” during graduate school can help students think about the relevance and potential uses of a discovery. (Berry)

•   Letting graduate students work together and practice submitting proposals to business colleagues could help them thrive in the private sector. (Lahiri)

•   Enhanced partnerships between universities and companies could provide valuable experiences for chemistry graduate students. (Beaulieu)

•   Internships could greatly broaden the experiences of graduate students in chemistry while also benefiting university research. (Dhawan)

•   Education programs at any level that challenge students to solve problems can engage students more actively. (Berry)

•   Efforts to coordinate proposals for chemistry research and graduate education with federal priorities could increase funding for chemistry. (Platz)


•   Depth, breadth, and communication could be themes for transforming graduate chemistry education. (Colon)

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