premiums. Because of this, several states operate high-risk insurance pools, which provide health insurance to residents who are considered medically uninsurable and are unable to buy coverage in the individual market. See KFF, State Health Facts, State High Risk Pool Programs and Enrollment,

dRyan White: The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, the single largest federal program designed specifically for people with HIV in the United States, provides care and services for people with HIV who are uninsured or underinsured, serving as payer of last resort. It includes the AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP). Federal funding is provided to states, cities, and providers but may not match the number of people who need services or the cost of their care. For more information, see KFF, The Ryan White Program,

SOURCE: Adapted from KFF, 2012b.

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