The research and evaluation recommendations described in Child and Adult Care Food Program: Aligning Dietary Guidance for All (IOM, 2011) align with the legislative directive in the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-296) to conduct a nationally representative study of child care settings. Thus, as Jay Hirschman explained during the workshop, even though the 2010 act is not specific to CACFP, but covers all child care centers and homes, USDA will nonetheless use the presentations and discussion summarized in this report to help guide its preparation of a Request for Proposal (RFP) as mandated by Section 223(a) of the 2010 act (see below; research topics that were addressed during the workshop are in boldface italics).
SEC. 223. STUDY ON NUTRITION AND WELLNESS QUALITY OF CHILD CARE SETTINGS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Not less than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall enter into a contract for the conduct of a nationally representative study of child care centers and family or group day care homes that includes an assessment of—
(1) the nutritional quality of all foods provided to children in child care settings as compared to the recommendations in most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans published under section 301 of the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341);
(2) the quantity and type of opportunities for physical activity provided to children in child care settings;
(3) the quantity of time spent by children in child care settings in sedentary activities;
(4) an assessment of barriers and facilitators to—
(A) providing foods to children in child care settings that meet the recommendations of the most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans published under section 301 of the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 5341);
(B) providing the appropriate quantity and type of opportunities of physical activity for children in child care settings; and
(C) participation by child care centers and family or group day care homes in the child and adult care food program established under section 17 of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1766); and
(5) such other assessment measures as the Secretary may determine to be necessary.