Appendix C

Supporting Material for
Chapter 4

The following disclaimer is for Figures C-1, C-3, C-4, C-5, C-12a, C-12b, C13a, C-13b, and C-14a.

Copyright © and (P) 1988-2006 Microsoft Corporation and/or its suppliers. All rights reserved. http://www.microsoft.com/mappoint/. Portions © 1990–2005 InstallShield Software Corporation. All rights reserved. Certain mapping and direction data © 2005 NAVTEQ. All rights reserved. The Data for areas of Canada includes information taken with permission from Canadian authorities, including: © Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, © Queen's Printer for Ontario. NAVTEQ and NAVTEQ ON BOARD are trademarks of NAVTEQ. © 2005 Tele Atlas North America, Inc. All rights reserved. Tele Atlas and Tele Atlas North America are trademarks of Tele Atlas, Inc.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 264
Appendix C Supporting Material for Chapter 4 The following disclaimer is for Figures C-1, C-3, C-4, C-5, C-12a, C-12b, C13a, C-13b, and C-14a. Copyright © and (P) 1988-2006 Microsoft Corporation and/or its suppli- ers. All rights reserved. http://www.microsoft.com/mappoint/. Portions © 1990–2005 InstallShield Software Corporation. All rights reserved. Cer- tain mapping and direction data © 2005 NAVTEQ. All rights reserved. The Data for areas of Canada includes information taken with permission from Canadian authorities, including: © Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, © Queen's Printer for Ontario. NAVTEQ and NAVTEQ ON BOARD are trademarks of NAVTEQ. © 2005 Tele Atlas North America, Inc. All rights reserved. Tele Atlas and Tele Atlas North America are trademarks of Tele Atlas, Inc. 264

OCR for page 264
FIGURE C-1 Food-animal concentrations in counties that have no veterinarians. SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association (2006b). 265

OCR for page 264
266 FIGURE C-2 Changes in population growth between 1990 and 2000 for the 3,141 counties and equivalent areas in the United States.1 SOURCE: National Atlas of the United States. 2011. Adapted from U.S. Census Bureau, Population Change and Distribution: 1990 to 2000. M.J. Perry and P.J. Mackun (with J.D. Baker, C.D. Joyce, L.R. Lollock, and L.S. Pearson) in Census 2000 Brief Series. 2001. 1 A band of counties that lost population—in some cases declining more than 10 percent—stretches across the Great Plains States from the Mexican border to the Canadian border.

OCR for page 264
FIGURE C-3 Distribution of the 1,011 food-animal-exclusive veterinarians in the United States, 2007.2 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association (2008). 2 Distribution is not uniform but is concentrated in areas of the country with high animal densities, particularly in traditional dairy states. Some 46% are in six leading dairy states: California, Wisconsin, New York, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, and Idaho. That suggests that FA- exclusive veterinarians are mainly dairy practitioners. Populations of FA-exclusive veterinarians in Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, and North Carolina correspond to concentrations of swine industry, those in Georgia and neighboring states to broiler industry. Because of low animal densities, 267 there are very few FA-exclusive veterinarians in North Dakota, Montana, and Wyoming.

OCR for page 264
268 FIGURE C-4 Distribution of the 4,200 mixed-food-animal veterinarians in the United States, 2007.3 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association (2008). 3 Distribution closely parallels that of US population.

OCR for page 264
FIGURE C-5 Distribution of the 3,861 food-animal-predominant veterinarians in the United States, 2007.4 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association (2008). 269 4 FA-predominant veterinarians are most numerous in the grain states of Midwest. Largest numbers are in Iowa and Minnesota.

OCR for page 264
270 FIGURE C-6a Distribution of egg-laying industry in the United States, 2007. SOURCE: USDA.

OCR for page 264
FIGURE C-6b Distribution of broiler industry in the United States, 2007. SOURCE: USDA. 271

OCR for page 264
272 FIGURE C-7 Changes in the U.S. hog and pig inventory, 1992-1997. SOURCE: USDA.

OCR for page 264
Appendix C 273 FIGURE C-8 The changing pork industry in Iowa, 1987 and 2002. SOURCE: Honey- man and Duffy, 2006. Reprinted with permission of M. Honeyman, Iowa State Universi- ty.

OCR for page 264
274 FIGURE C-9 Milk-cow population, change in inventory, 2002-2007. SOURCE: USDA.

OCR for page 264
Appendix C 281 TABLE C-3a Food-Animal-Predominant Veterinarians Over Age 50, by State State Total Mean Age Count over 50 Percentage over 50 RI 1 49.00 0 VI 1 43.00 0 PR 11 46.00 2 18.2 CT 14 45.21 3 21.4 NH 9 46.00 3 33.3 NV 17 47.41 6 35.3 WV 18 46.78 7 38.9 NM 25 51.24 10 40.0 TN 60 49.70 26 43.3 NC 69 47.35 31 44.9 SC 20 51.25 9 45.0 VA 59 48.64 27 45.8 NJ 15 49.67 7 46.7 LA 34 48.44 16 47.1 KY 81 49.35 39 48.1 PA 134 48.37 64 48.9 AL 23 49.55 11 50.0 AZ 34 49.29 17 50.0 MD 26 48.81 13 50.0 ND 68 48.43 34 50.0 FL 75 49.76 38 50.7 AR 39 49.41 20 51.3 MI 93 49.29 48 51.6 OH 133 49.58 69 52.3 IN 62 49.87 32 52.5 SD 132 49.73 70 53.4 KS 137 50.44 73 53.7 NY 130 49.43 70 53.8 UT 35 49.91 19 54.3 GA 57 50.61 31 54.4 NE 203 49.77 112 55.7 WI 301 50.07 169 56.1 OK 122 51.51 69 56.6 ME 14 48.64 8 57.1 MS 30 51.00 17 58.6 CO 122 51.99 73 59.8 CA 172 50.80 104 60.8 VT 23 50.35 14 60.9 MO 161 51.98 100 62.1 MT 90 51.24 56 62.9 MN 246 51.81 155 63.0 IA 329 52.27 209 63.5 WA 69 51.12 44 64.7 TX 241 52.08 156 64.7 ID 74 52.01 48 64.9 IL 107 52.28 69 65.1 DE 3 44.33 2 66.7 OR 58 52.50 39 67.2 MA 23 51.78 16 69.6 WY 40 54.58 31 77.5 AK 1 51.00 1 100.0 HI 1 67.00 1 100.0 Total 4042 50.58 2289 56.8 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association.

OCR for page 264
282 Workforce Needs in Veterinary Medicine TABLE C-3b Food-Animal-Predominant Veterinarians Over Age 60, by State State Total Mean Age Count over 60 Percentage over 60 AK 1 51.00 0 DE 3 44.33 0 NH 9 46.00 0 RI 1 49.00 0 VI 1 43.00 0 PR 11 46.00 1 9.1 WV 18 46.78 2 11.1 VT 23 50.35 3 13.0 CT 14 45.21 2 14.3 NC 69 47.35 10 14.5 LA 34 48.44 5 14.7 WA 69 51.12 10 14.7 VA 59 48.64 9 15.3 WI 301 50.07 48 15.9 MI 93 49.29 15 16.1 ND 68 48.43 11 16.2 NE 203 49.77 34 16.9 NV 17 47.41 3 17.6 AR 39 49.41 7 17.9 IN 62 49.97 11 18.0 AL 23 49.55 4 18.2 NY 130 49.43 24 18.5 MD 26 48.81 5 19.2 CA 172 50.80 33 19.3 OH 133 49.58 26 19.7 KS 137 50.44 27 19.9 FL 75 49.76 15 20.0 NJ 15 49.67 3 20.0 SC 20 51.25 4 20.0 UT 35 49.91 7 20.0 PA 134 48.37 27 20.3 AZ 34 49.29 7 20.6 OR 58 52.50 12 20.7 KY 81 49.35 17 21.0 GA 57 50.61 12 21.1 ME 14 48.64 3 21.4 IL 107 52.28 23 21.7 MA 23 51.78 5 21.7 TN 60 49.70 14 23.3 MT 90 51.24 21 23.6 MO 161 51.98 38 23.6 IA 329 52.27 79 24.0 MS 30 51.00 7 24.1 CO 122 51.99 30 24.6 SD 132 49.73 33 25.2 MN 246 51.81 63 25.6 TX 241 52.08 65 27.0 OK 122 51.51 33 27.0 ID 74 52.01 22 29.7 NM 25 51.24 8 32.0 WY 40 54.58 16 40.0 HI 1 67.00 1 100.00 Total 4042 50.58 855 21.2 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association.

OCR for page 264
Appendix C 283 TABLE C-4a Mixed-Food-Animal Veterinarians Over Age 50, by State State Total Mean Age Count over 50 Percentage over 50 MD 55 43 14 25.9 ND 27 42 7 25.9 SD 34 42 9 26.5 NC 79 44 23 29.1 WV 23 43 7 30.4 LA 69 44 22 32.4 HI 9 47 3 33.3 PA 141 46 46 33.3 RI 3 44 1 33.3 NH 34 45 12 35.3 KY 114 45 40 35.4 IL 158 46 57 36.1 UT 34 45 13 38.2 OH 170 46 66 38.8 CT 28 47 11 39.3 AK 15 46 6 40.0 GA 100 48 40 40.0 NY 128 47 52 40.9 VA 73 47 30 41.1 MN 109 47 45 41.3 OR 120 47 50 41.7 AR 87 47 37 43.0 ID 64 47 28 43.8 FL 114 48 50 44.2 NE 75 48 32 44.4 AZ 38 47 17 44.7 TN 117 46 52 44.8 CO 115 47 52 45.2 KS 172 47 78 45.9 MO 178 49 82 46.6 MS 76 48 35 46.7 OK 154 48 73 47.4 MT 69 48 33 47.8 IA 132 49 63 48.1 NM 55 49 26 48.1 ME 29 49 14 48.3 SC 35 47 17 48.6 DE 4 49 2 50.0 NJ 24 48 12 50.0 VT 22 48 11 50.05 TX 452 48 227 50.2 AL 67 48 227 50.7 IN 104 49 52 51.0 CA 195 50 100 51.5 WI 110 47 56 51.9 NV 19 47 10 52.6 WA 103 49 54 52.9 MA 33 47 17 53.1 MI 97 49 52 53.6 WY 63 49 34 54.0 Total 4345 47 1908 44.2 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association.

OCR for page 264
284 Workforce Needs in Veterinary Medicine TABLE C-4b Mixed-Food-Animal Veterinarians Over Age 60, by State State Total Mean Age Count over 60 Percentage over 60 DE 4 49 0 WV 23 43 1 4.3 WI 110 47 5 4.6 MD 55 43 3 5.6 SD 35 42 2 5.9 KY 114 45 8 7.1 ND 27 42 2 7.4 SC 35 47 3 8.6 TN 117 46 10 8.6 UT 34 45 3 8.8 VT 22 48 2 9.1 ID 64 47 6 9.4 MA 33 47 3 9.4 VA 73 47 7 9.6 FL 114 48 11 9.7 CO 115 47 12 10.4 OR 120 47 13 10.8 HI 9 47 1 11.1 WY 63 49 7 11.1 OH 170 46 19 11.2 NC 79 44 9 11.4 NH 34 45 4 11.8 PA 141 46 18 13.0 MT 69 48 9 13.0 LA 69 44 9 13.2 IL 158 46 21 13.3 AK 15 46 2 13.3 AL 67 48 9 13.4 KS 172 47 23 13.5 WA 103 49 14 13.7 ME 29 49 4 13.8 AR 87 47 12 14.0 CT 28 47 4 14.3 MN 109 47 16 14.7 NM 55 49 8 14.8 OK 154 48 23 14.9 NY 128 47 20 15.7 NV 19 47 3 15.8 NJ 24 48 4 16.7 TX 452 48 76 16.8 GA 100 48 17 17.0 MI 97 49 17 17.5 AZ 38 47 7 18.4 MS 76 48 14 18.7 NE 75 48 14 19.4 MO 178 49 35 19.9 CA 195 50 39 20.1 IA 132 49 28 21.4 IN 104 49 23 22.5 RI 3 44 1 33.3 Total 4345 47 1908 44.2 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association.

OCR for page 264
FIGURE C-12a Distribution of food-animal-exclusive veterinarians over age 50.5 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association (2008). 5 States vary widely in food-animal-veterinary populations; in 24 of 48 coterminous states, over 50% of food-animal-exclusive veterinarians 285 are over 50 years old.

OCR for page 264
286 FIGURE C-12b Distribution of food-animal-exclusive veterinarians over the age 60.6 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association (2008). 6 In 13 states, over 17% of food-animal-exclusive veterinarians are over 60 years old.

OCR for page 264
FIGURE C-13a Distribution of food-animal-predominant veterinarians over 50.7 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association (2008). 7 There is considerable uniformity in age across the United States. In 36 states, more than 50% of food-animal-predominant veterinarians are 287 over 50 years old.

OCR for page 264
288 FIGURE C-13b. Distribution of food-animal-predominant veterinarians over age 60.8 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association (2008). 8 In 36 states, 17% are over 60 years old.

OCR for page 264
FIGURE C-14a Distribution of mixed-food-animal veterinarians over the age 50.9 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association (2008). 9 In contrast with food-animal-predominant veterinarians, only 12 states have more than 50% of mixed-food-animal veterinarians over the 289 age of 50 years.

OCR for page 264
290 FIGURE C-14b Distribution of mixed-food-animal veterinarians over age 60.10 SOURCE: American Veterinary Medical Association (2008). 10 Nine states have more than 17% of mixed-food-animal veterinarians over the age of 60 years.

OCR for page 264
Appendix C 291 REFERENCES AVMA. 2008. Food Supply Veterinary Medicine. Available online at http://www.avma. org/fsvm/maps/default.asp#us_animal_vet. Honeyman M., and M. Duffy. 2006. Iowa’s Changing Swine Industry. AS Leaflet R 2158 in Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 2006. Ames: Iowa State University Department of Animal Science. National Atlas of the United States. 2011. Population Change and Distribution: 1990 to 2000. Available online at http://www.nationalatlas.gov/articles/people/a_popchange. html#five.