Chris Forest, Pennsylvania State University: “Assessing Uncertainty in Climate Models”

David Brown, Duke University: “Robust Optimization under Uncertainty” John Doyle, California Institute of Technology: “Theory and Methodology of Robust-yet-Fragile Systems Analysis”

1:30-3:00 p.m. Session 3: Creating Institutional and Personal Change with Humans in the Loop
Committee respondent: Alan Borning, University of Washington

Achieving sustainability objectives demands behavioral changes at the institutional and individual levels. In designing and developing smarter systems, an important question is how to embed interfaces that work. The human-system interaction literature is replete with counterexamples and numerous failed cognitive models, serving as cautionary tales. Complicating matters, human-system interaction issues arise both with regard to individuals in homes and offices and for administrators of larger systems or facilities. Further, interactions occur at different scales—on the one hand in a day-to-day time frame for users and on the other in ways that allow incorporation of feedback from the system either to the system itself or to decision makers thinking about larger-scale resource management considerations, for example.

• How can data and information be presented at the appropriate granularity and timescale to be most effective? What system, application, and user factors bear on the human-system interaction design choices?

• Describe the potential impacts of the various contexts and tradeoff decisions that might need to be made, including the impact of context (e.g., stakeholders, and so on); the impact of large versus small groups versus individuals; the impact of income; the impact of use by or for cities versus businesses versus individuals; the role of middleware, the supply chain, and so on.

• How do human factors affecting energy use drive the use and design of technology? How can this be accounted for? When are power, networking, products, and so on really needed? Discuss human choice and its impact on consumption, disposal, reuse, and so on.

Bill Tomlinson, University of California, Irvine: “Greening Through IT”

Shwetak Patel, University of Washington: “Residential Energy Measurement and Disaggregated Data”

Eli Blevis, Indiana University: “Sustainable Interaction Design”

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