Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page 53
References AAPM [American Association of Physicists in Medicine] Task Group 204 (2011). Size-Specific Dose Estimates (SSDE) in pediatric and adult body CT exams. Aberle, D. R., A. N. Adams, et al. (2011). “Reduced lung-cancer mortality with low-dose computed tomographic screening.” N Engl J Med 365(5): 395-409. Amis, E. S., Jr., P. F. Butler, et al. (2007). “American College of Radiology white paper on radiation dose in medicine.” J Am Coll Radiol 4(5): 272-284. Ashmore, J. P., N. E. Gentner, and R. V. Osborne (2010). Incomplete data on the Canadian cohort may have affected the results of the study by the International Agency for Re- search on Cancer on the radiogenic cancer risk among nuclear industry workers in 15 countries. J Radiol Prot 30: 121-129. Baker, L. C., S. W. Atlas, et al. (2008). “Expanded use of imaging technology and the challenge of measuring value.” Health Aff (Millwood) 27(6): 1467-1478. Batlle, J. C., P. F. Hahn, et al. (2010). “Patients imaged early during admission demonstrate reduced length of hospital stay: a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing cross- sectional imaging.” J Am Coll Radiol 7(4): 269-276. Berdon, W. E., and T. L. Slovis (2002). “Where we are since ALARA and the series of articles on CT dose in children and risk of long-term cancers: what has changed?” Pediatr Radiol 32(10): 699. Bernier M. O., J. L. Rehel, H. J. Brisse, X. Wu-Zhou, S. Caer-Lorho, S. Jacob, J. F. Chateil, B. Aubert, and D. Laurier (2012). Radiation exposure from CT in early childhood: a French large-scale multicentre study. Br J Radiol 85(1009): 53-60. Bernstein J. L., R. W. Haile, et al. (2010). Radiation exposure, the ATM Gene, and contra- lateral breast cancer in the women’s environmental cancer and radiation epidemiology study. J Natl Cancer Inst 102(7): 475-483. Berrington de Gonzalez, A., M. Mahesh, et al. (2009). “Projected cancer risks from computed tomographic scans performed in the United States in 2007.” Arch Intern Med 169(22): 2071-2077. 53
OCR for page 54
54 TRACKING RADIATION EXPOSURE Bogdanich, W., and J. C. McGinty. “Medicare claims show overuse for CT scanning. NY Times, June 17, 2011. Brenner D. J. (2004). Radiation risks potentially associated with low-dose CT screening of adult smokers for lung cancer. Radiology 231(2): 440-445. Brenner, D., C. Elliston, et al. (2001). “Estimated risks of radiation-induced fatal cancer from pediatric CT.” AJR Am J Roentgenol 176(2): 289-296. Brenner, D. J., and E. J. Hall (2007). “Computed tomography—an increasing source of radia- tion exposure.” N Engl J Med 357(22): 2277-2284. Brenner D. J., and H. Hricak (2010). “Radiation exposure from medical imaging: time to regulate?” JAMA 304(2): 208-209. Brenner D. J., I. Shuryak, and A. J. Einstein (2011). “Impact of reduced patient life expectancy on potential cancer risks from radiologic imaging.” Radiology 261(1): 193-198. Epub 2011 Jul 19. Brink, J. A., and E. S. Amis, Jr. (2010). “Image Wisely: a campaign to increase awareness about adult radiation protection.” Radiology 257(3): 601-602. Broeks, A., L. M. Braaf, et al. (2007). “Identification of women with an increased risk of devel- oping radiation-induced breast cancer: a case only study.” Breast Cancer Res 9(2): R26. Cardis E., M. Vrijheid, et al. (2007). “The 15-Country Collaborative Study of Cancer Risk among Radiation Workers in the Nuclear Industry: estimates of radiation-related cancer risks.” Radiat Res 167(4): 396-416. CDC [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] (2004a). Literature Review and Feasibil- ity Study for Radiation, Dose Associated with Medical Diagnostic Imaging, Volume 1, Dose Trends of the U.S. Population from Diagnostic Medical Radiation and the Impact of Technology Changes. Prepared by Advanced Technologies and Laboratories Interna- tional, Inc. CDC (2004b). Literature Review and Feasibility Study for Radiation, Dose Associated with Medical Diagnostic Imaging, Volume 2, Feasibility Study for Tracking Radiation Dose to Patients Resulting from Diagnostic Ionizing Radiation Procedures. Prepared by Advanced Technologies and Laboratories International, Inc. CDC (2006). Literature Review and Feasibility Study for Radiation, Dose Associated with Medical Diagnostic Imaging, Volume 3, Pilot Study of Five Procedures. Prepared by Advanced Technologies and Laboratories International, Inc. CNSC [Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission] (2011). Verifying Canadian Nuclear Energy Worker Radiation Risk: A Reanalysis of Cancer Mortality in Canadian Nuclear Energy Workers (1957-1994) Summary Report, Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada. Doll, R., and R. Wakeford (1997). Risk of childhood cancer from fetal irradiation. Br J Radiol 70: 130-139. Dunnick, N. R., K. E. Applegate, et al. (2005). “The inappropriate use of imaging studies: a report of the 2004 Intersociety Conference.” J Am Coll Radiol 2(5): 401-406. Einstein, A. J., M. J. Henzlova, and S. Rajagopalan (2007). Estimating risk of cancer associ- ated with radiation exposure from 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography. JAMA 298(3): 317-323. Figueiredo J.C., J. D. Brooks, et al. (2011). “Risk of contralateral breast cancer associated with common variants in BRCA1 and BRCA2: potential modifying effect of BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation carrier status.” Breast Cancer Res Treat 127(3): 819-829. Furukawa, A., S. Kanasaki, et al. (2009). “CT diagnosis of acute mesenteric ischemia from various causes.” AJR Am J Roentgenol 192(2): 408-416. Garcia Pena, B. M., E. F. Cook, et al. (2004). “Selective imaging strategies for the diagnosis of appendicitis in children.” Pediatrics 113(1 Pt 1): 24-28.
OCR for page 55
55 REFERENCES Godoy, M. C., N. S. Cayne, et al. (2011). “Endovascular repair of the thoracic aorta: preopera- tive and postoperative evaluation with multidetector computed tomography.” J Thorac Imaging 26(1): 63-73. Goske, M. J., R. R. Phillips, et al. (2010). “Image gently: a web-based practice quality improve- ment program in CT safety for children.” AJR Am J Roentgenol 194(5): 1177-1182. Guite, K. M., J. L. Hinshaw, F. N. Ranallo, M. J. Lindstrom, F. T. Lee, Jr. (2011). Ionizing radiation in abdominal CT: unindicated multiphase scans are an important source of medically unnecessary exposure. J Am Coll Radiol 8(11): 756-761. Hadley, J. L., J. Agola, et al. (2006). “Potential impact of the American College of Radiology appropriateness criteria on CT for trauma.” AJR Am J Roentgenol 186(4): 937-942. Hendel, R. C. (2009). Evolving concepts of cardiac SPECT, PET, and CT: appropriateness criteria for SPECT/CT. http://www.acc.org/education/programs/brochures/pdfs/nuccard new_07/fri%20815am%20hendel%20ac%202.pdf. Holmes, J. F., A. Mao, et al. (2009). Validation of a prediction rule for the identification of children with intra-abdominal injuries after blunt torso trauma. Ann Emerg Med 54(4): 528-33. Epub 2009 Feb 28. Hricak, H., D. J. Brenner, S. J. Adelstein, D. P. Frush, E. J. Hall, R. W. Howell, C. H. McCollough, F. A. Mettler, M. S. Pearce, O. H. Suleiman, J. H. Thrall, and L. K. Wagner (2011). Managing radiation use in medical imaging: a multifaceted challenge. Radiology 258(3): 889-905. Epub 2010 Dec 16. Review. Huda, W., and W. He (2011). Estimating cancer risks to adults undergoing body CT examina- tions. Radiation Protection Dosimetry: ncr376v1-ncr376. Huda, W., W. Randazzo, S. Tipnis, G. D. Frey, and E. Mah (2010). Embryo dose estimates in body CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 194(4): 874-880. ICRP [International Commission on Radiological Protection] (1991). 1990 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP Publication 60. Ann ICRP 21(1-3). ICRP (2000a). Avoidance of radiation injuries from medical interventional procedures. ICRP Publication 85. Ann ICRP 30(2). ICRP (2000b). Managing patient dose in computed tomography. ICRP Publication 87. Ann ICRP 30(4). ICRP (2005). Low-dose extrapolation of radiation-related cancer risk. ICRP Publication 99. Ann. ICRP 35: 1-140. ICRP (2007a). Managing patient dose in multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). ICRP Publication 102. Ann ICRP 37(1). ICRP (2007b. The 2007 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP Publication 103. Ann ICRP 37 (2-4). ICRP (2008). Radiation protection in medicine. ICRP Publication 105. Ann ICRP 37(6): 1-63. Iglehart, J. K. (2009). “Health insurers and medical-imaging policy—a work in progress.” N Engl J Med 360(10): 1030-1037. Ikuta, I., A. Sodickson, E. J. Wasser, G. I. Warden, V. H. Gerbaudo, and R. Khorasani (2012). Exposing exposure: enhancing patient safety through automated data mining of nuclear medicine reports for quality assurance and organ dose monitoring. Radiology, in press. IMV (2011). Present Practices & Future Directions in Cardiac Imaging: The Cardiologist’s Perspective, 2011-2014. Des Plaines, IL: IMV Medical Information Division. Israel, G. M., L. Cicchiello, J. Brink, and W. Huda (2010). Patient size and radiation exposure in thoracic, pelvic, and abdominal CT examinations performed with automatic exposure control. AJR Am J Roentgenol 195(6): 1342-1326.
OCR for page 56
56 TRACKING RADIATION EXPOSURE Karmazyn, B., D. P. Frush, K. E. Applegate, C. Maxfield, M. D. Cohen, and R. P. Jones (2009). CT with a computer-simulated dose reduction technique for detection of pediatric nephroureterolithiasis: comparison of standard and reduced radiation doses. AJR Am J Roentgenol 192(1): 143-149. Kuehn, B. M. (2010). FDA warning: CT scans exceeded proper doses. JAMA 303(2): 124. Kuppermann, N., J. F. Holmes, et al. (2009). “Identification of children at very low risk of clinically-important brain injuries after head trauma: a prospective cohort study.” Lancet 374(9696): 1160-1170. Land, C. E. (1980). “Estimating cancer risks from low doses of ionizing radiation.” Science 209(4462): 1197-1203. Lauer, M. S. (2009). Elements of danger—the case of medical imaging. N Engl J Med. 361(9): 841-843. Lee, C. I., A. H. Haims, et al. (2004). “Diagnostic CT scans: assessment of patient, physi- cian, and radiologist awareness of radiation dose and possible risks.” Radiology 231(2): 393-398. Litt, H.I., C. Gatsonis, B. Snyder, H. Singh, C. D. Miller, D. W. Entrikin, J. M. Leaming, L. J. Gavin, C. B. Pacella, and J. E. Hollander (2012). CT angiography for safe discharge of patients with possible acute coronary syndromes. N Engl J Med. 366(15): 1393-1403. Epub 2012 Mar 26. Mahajan, A., L. F. Starker, M. Ghita, R. Udelsman, J. A. Brink, and T. Carling (2011). Para- thyroid four-dimensional computed tomography: evaluation of radiation dose exposure during preoperative localization of parathyroid tumors in primary hyperparathyroidism. World J Surg. Epub ahead of print. Martin, C. J. (2007). Effective dose: how should it be applied to medical exposures? Br J Radiol 80(956): 639-647. Epub 2007 Jul 23. McCollough, C. et al. (2011). Diagnostic reference levels from the ACR CT accreditation program. J Am Coll Radiol 8(11): 795-803. McCollough, CH, S. Leng, L. Yu, D. D. Cody, J. M. Boone, and M. F. McNitt-Gray. (2011). CT dose index and patient dose: they are not the same thing. Radiology. 259(2): 311-316. Mettler, F. A. Jr., W. Huda, T. T. Yoshizumi, and M. Mahesh (2008). Effective doses in radiol- ogy and diagnostic nuclear medicine: a catalog. Radiology 248(1): 254-263. Mettler, F. A. Jr., P. W. Wiest, J. A. Locken, and C. A. Kelsey (2000). CT scanning: patterns of use and dose. J Radiol Prot 20: 353-359. Mettler, F. A. Jr., M. Bhargavan, et al. (2009). Radiologic and nuclear medicine studies in the United States and worldwide: frequency, radiation dose, and comparison with other radiation sources—1950-2007. Radiology 253(2): 520-531. Epub 2009 Sep 29. NCRP [National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements] (1993). Risk estimates for radiation protection. NCRP Report No. 115. Bethesda, MD: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. NCRP (2009). Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Populations of the United States. NCRP Report No.160. Bethesda, MD: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Neumann, R. D., and D. A. Bluemke (2010). “Tracking radiation exposure from diagnostic imaging devices at the NIH.” J Am Coll Radiol 7(2): 87-89. Nievelstein, R. J., and D. P. Frush (In press). Should we consent patients for radiation? AJR. NLST [National Lung Screening Trial] Research Team, D. R. Aberle, et al. (2011). Reduced lung-cancer mortality with low-dose computed tomographic screening. N Engl J Med. 365(5): 395-409. Epub 2011 Jun 29. NRC [National Research Council] (2006). Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ion- izing Radiation: BEIR VII, Phase 2. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
OCR for page 57
57 REFERENCES Paterson, A., D. P. Frush, et al. (2001). “Helical CT of the body: are settings adjusted for pediatric patients?” AJR Am J Roentgenol 176(2): 297-301. Paulson, E. K., C. Weaver C, L. M. Ho, L. Martin, J. Li, J. Darsie, and D. P. Frush (2008). Conventional and reduced radiation dose of 16-MDCT for detection of nephrolithiasis and ureterolithiasis. AJR Am J Roentgenol 190(1): 151-157. Philipp, M. O., K. Kubin, et al. (2003). “Radiological emergency room management with emphasis on multidetector-row CT.” Eur J Radiol 48(1): 2-4. Preston, D. L., Y. Shimizu, D. A. Pierce, A. Suyama, and K. Mabuchi K (2003). “Studies of mortality of atomic bomb survivors. Report 13: Solid cancer and noncancer disease mortality: 1950-1997.” Radiat Res 160(4): 381-407. Preston, D. L., E. Ron, S. Tokuoka, S. Funamoto, N. Nishi, M. Soda, K. Mabuchi, and K. Kodama (2007). “Solid cancer incidence in atomic bomb survivors: 1958-1998.” Radiat Res 168(1):1-64. Raff, G. L., K. M. Chinnaiyan, et al. (2009). “Radiation dose from cardiac computed tomog- raphy before and after implementation of radiation dose-reduction techniques.” JAMA 301(22): 2340-2348. Rehani, M. M., and D. P. Frush (2011). “Patient exposure tracking: the IAEA smart card project.” Radiat Prot Dosimetry 147(1-2): 314-316. Saini, M., and K. Butcher (2009). “Advanced imaging in acute stroke management-Part I: Computed tomographic.” Neurol India 57(5): 541-549. Schmidt C. (2012). “Increasing efforts to regulate computed tomography scans.” J Natl Can- cer Inst. 2012 Apr 18;104(8):572-4. Sharp, G. B., T. Mizuno, J. B. Cologne, T. Fukuhara, S. Fujiwara, S. Tokuoka, and K. Mabuchi (2003). Hepatocellular carcinoma among atomic bomb survivors: significant interaction of radiation with hepatitis C virus infections. Int J Cancer 103(4): 531-537. Shimizu, Y., K. Kodama, N. Nishi, F. Kasagi, A. Suyama, M. Soda, E. J. Grant, H. Sugiyama, R. Sakata, H. Moriwaki, M. Hayashi, M. Konda, and R. E. Shore (2010). Radiation exposure and circulatory disease risk: Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bomb survivor data, 1950-2003. BMJ: 340. Shope, T. B. (1996). Radiation-induced skin injuries from fluoroscopy. Radiographics 16(5): 1195-1199. Shuryak, I., R. K. Sachs, and D. J. Brenner (2010). Cancer risks after radiation exposure in middle age. J Natl Cancer Inst 102(21): 1628-1636. Epub 2010 Oct 25. Sidhu, M., B. D. Coley, et al. (2009). “Image Gently, Step Lightly: increasing radiation dose awareness in pediatric interventional radiology.” Pediatr Radiol 39(10): 1135-1138. Sistrom, C. L., P. A. Dang, et al. (2009). “Effect of computerized order entry with integrated decision support on the growth of outpatient procedure volumes: seven-year time series analysis.” Radiology 251(1): 147-155. Slovis, T. L. (2002). “CT and computed radiography: the pictures are great, but is the radiation dose greater than required?” AJR Am J Roentgenol 179(1): 39-41. Smith-Bindman, R., J. Lipson, et al. (2009). “Radiation dose associated with common com- puted tomography examinations and the associated lifetime attributable risk of cancer.” Arch Intern Med 169(22): 2078-2086. Sodickson, A., P. F. Baeyens, et al. (2009). “Recurrent CT, cumulative radiation exposure, and associated radiation-induced cancer risks from CT of adults.” Radiology 251(1): 175-184. Sodickson, A., G. I. Warden, C. E. Farkas, I. Ikuta, L. M. Prevedello, K. P. Andriole, and R. Khorasani (2012). Exposing exposure: automated anatomy-specific ct radiation exposure extraction for quality assurance and radiation monitoring. Radiology, in press. Spelic, D., R. Kaczmarek, et al. (2007). “United States radiological health activities: inspection results of mammography facilities.” Biomed Imaging Interv J 3(2): e35.
OCR for page 58
58 TRACKING RADIATION EXPOSURE Stein, S. C., A. Fabbri, et al. (2009). “A critical comparison of clinical decision instruments for computed tomographic scanning in mild closed traumatic brain injury in adolescents and adults.” Ann Emerg Med 53(2): 180-188. Sternberg, S. (2001, January 22). CT scans in children linked to cancer later. USA Today, p. 1. Treves, S. T., R. T. Davis, and F. H. Fahey (2008). Administered radiopharmaceutical doses in children: a survey of 13 pediatric hospitals in North America. J Nucl Med 49(6):1024-7. Epub 2008 May 15. UNSCEAR [United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation] (2008). Effects of Ionizing Radiation. UNSCEAR 2006 report to the general assembly with sci- entific annexes, Vol. 1, United Nations, United Nations Office at Vienna. USPHS [Public Health Service] (1966). Population Exposure to X-rays, U.S. 1964. U.S. De- partment of Health, Education and Welfare publication PHS No. 1519. USPHS (1969). Dose from X-rays, U.S. 1964. U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare publication PHS No. 2001. USPHS (1973). Population Exposure to X-rays, U.S. 1970. U.S. Department of Health, Educa - tion and Welfare, Food and Drug Administration publication DHEW (FDA) 73-8047. Wagner, H. N., Jr. and P. S. Conti (1991). “Advances in medical imaging for cancer diagnosis and treatment.” Cancer 67(4 Suppl): 1121-1128. Wiest, P. W., J. A. Locken, et al. (2002). “CT scanning: a major source of radiation exposure.” Semin Ultrasound CT MR 23(5): 402-410. Winchester, D. E., D. C. Wymer, et al. (2010). “Responsible use of computed tomography in the evaluation of coronary artery disease and chest pain.” Mayo Clin Proc 85(4): 358-364. Wittenberg, J., H. V. Fineberg, et al. (1978). “Clinical efficacy of computed body tomogra- phy.” AJR Am J Roentgenol 131(1): 5-14. Young, L. H., F. J. Wackers, et al. (2009). “Cardiac outcomes after screening for asymptomatic coronary artery disease in patients with type 2 diabetes: the DIAD study: a randomized controlled trial.” JAMA 301(15): 1547-1555.