FIGURE 2-1 Current organization for policy, oversight, and funding for RCWM. ASD(NCB), Assistant Secretary of Defense (Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense); USD(AT&L), Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics; DUSD(I&E), Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Installations and Environment; ASA(ALT), Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics and Technology; ASA(IE&E), Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy and Environment); DASA(ECW), Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Elimination of Chemical Weapons; DASA(ESOH), Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army (Environment, Safety and Occupational Health); AMC, U.S. Army Materiel Command; FORSCOM, Forces Command (U.S. Army); ACSIM/IMCOM, Assistant Chief of Staff, Installation Management/Installation Management Command (U.S. Army); CMA, Chemical Materials Agency; NSCMP, Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Project; CARA, Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear (enhanced) Analysis and Remediation Activity; USACE, United States Army Corps of Engineers; AEC, U.S. Army Environmental Command. SOURCE: Prepared by the committee based on presentations received and research of official public information sources.
be defined and counted. There are five defined categories of non-stockpile chemical warfare materiel (NSCWM) (U.S. Army, 2004c):
(1) Binary chemical weapons;
(2) Former production facilities for chemical weapons and related items;
(3) Miscellaneous chemical weapons materiel, such as unfilled munitions and support equipment, for direct use with chemical weapons;
(4) Recovered chemical warfare materiel (RCWM)— buried chemical agent identification sets (CAIS), chemical weapons, and chemical warfare materiel— that were never stored in the stockpile and are found during activities such as range clearing; and
(5) Buried chemical weapons that were disposed of until the late 1960s, when open pit burning, land burial, and ocean dumping were ended.
The first three non-stockpile categories were clearly addressed by the Army’s overall programs for chemical demilitarization. As of July 2011, the first three categories had been taken care of.1 The remaining two categories are the subject of this study.
Figure 2-1 is a high-level chart depicting the organizations involved with policy, funding, and oversight. It is intended to frame the discussion and help the reader follow the titles, acronyms, and chain of command of the various offices involved in the program for RCWM. Further details are provided in the sections that follow. A second summary chart is provided later in this chapter to highlight the organizations that are currently most involved in the execution (i.e., implementation) of the program for RCWM.
1Laurence G. Gottschalk, PMNSCM, “Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Project Program Status and Update,” presentation to the committee on September 27, 2011.