The project includes a comprehensive evaluation program to track ecological responses to restoration (Jones et al., 2010).

Everglades Construction Project and the Long-Term Plan

The Everglades Forever Act (F.S. 373.4592; see Appendix C) required the state of Florida to construct stormwater treatment areas (STAs) to reduce the loading of phosphorus into the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (LNWR), the WCAs, and Everglades National Park. These STAs are part of the state’s Long-Term Plan for Achieving Water Quality Goals, including the total phosphorus criterion for the Everglades Protection Area of 10 parts per billion (ppb).a

Modifications to the C&SF: C-111 (South Dade) Project

This project is designed to improve hydrologic conditions in Taylor Slough and the Rocky Glades of the eastern panhandle of Everglades National Park and to increase freshwater flows to northeast Florida Bay, while maintaining flood protection for urban and agricultural development in south Miami-Dade County. The project plan includes a tieback levee with pumps to capture groundwater seepage to the east, detention areas to increase groundwater levels and thereby enhance flow into Everglades National Park, and backfilling or plugging several canals in the area. A combined operational plan (COP) will integrate the goals of the Mod Waters and C-111 projects and protect the quality of water entering Everglades National Park (DOI and USACE, 2005).

Modified Water Deliveries to Everglades National Park Project (Mod Waters)

This federally funded project, authorized in 1989, is designed to restore more natural hydrologic conditions in Everglades National Park. The project includes levee modifications and installation of a seepage control pump to increase water flow into WCA-3B and northeastern portions of Everglades National Park. It also includes providing flood mitigation to the 8.5-square-mile area (a low-lying but partially developed area on the northeast corner of Everglades National Park) and raising portions of Tamiami Trail.

nizes that it should be cognizant of the realities of the legal context in which Everglades restoration must take place. Accordingly, a review of the most significant recent legal actions is warranted.2

Currently, most of the legal issues related to restoration focus on water quality. Although the primary goal of the CERP is to “get the water right” by restoring the hydrology of the system, water quantity and water quality are inextricably


2 A discussion of certain legal issues related to water quality is included solely to provide a context and the legal backdrop against which many Everglades restoration decisions are being made. Any discussion of legal issues included in this report or its appendices is not intended in any way to take a position on any legal issue, to provide any legal advice, or to comment on the merit of any particular court ruling or other legal decision.

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