Appendix C

Acronyms

ADD     animal daily dose
A/EEC     attaching and effacing Escherichia coli
AIDS     acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AMR     antimicrobial resistance
AMU     antimicrobial use
APCI     atmospheric pressure chemical ionization
AVMA     American Veterinary Medicine Association
           
CAC     Codex Alimentarius Commission
CAFO     concentrated animal feeding operation
CDC     Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CFU     colony forming unit
CIPARS     Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance
CITES     Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species
CRS     Congressional Research Service
CSIRO     Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
CVM     Center for Veterinary Medicine
           
DANMAP     Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Programme
DEFRA     Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
DNA     deoxyribonucleic acid
DRC     Democratic Republic of the Congo
DVFA     Danish Veterinary and Food Authority


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Appendix C Acronyms ADD animal daily dose A/EEC attaching and effacing Escherichia coli AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome AMR antimicrobial resistance AMU antimicrobial use APCI atmospheric pressure chemical ionization AVMA American Veterinary Medicine Association CAC Codex Alimentarius Commission CAFO concentrated animal feeding operation CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CFU colony forming unit CIPARS Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance CITES Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species CRS Congressional Research Service CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation CVM Center for Veterinary Medicine DANMAP Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Programme DEFRA Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DRC Democratic Republic of the Congo DVFA Danish Veterinary and Food Authority 373

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374 IMPROVING FOOD SAFETY THROUGH A ONE HEALTH APPROACH EAggEC enteroaggregative Escherichia coli EFSA European Food Safety Authority EID emerging infectious disease EIEC enteroinvasive Escherichia coli EHEC enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli EPEC enteropathogenic Escherichia coli ERS Economic Research Service extended-spectrum β-lactamase ESBL ETEC enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FDA Food and Drug Administration FMD foot and mouth disease FMI Food Marketing Institute FSIS Food Safety and Inspection Service FSMA Food Safety Modernization Act GABHS Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus GAO government accountability office GAP good agricultural practice GBS Guillain-Barré syndrome GVFI global virus forecasting initiative HACCP hazard analysis and critical control point HAV hepatitis A virus HEV hepatitis E virus HIV human immunodeficiency virus HPAI highly pathogenic avian influenza HTLV human T-lymphotropic viruses HUS hemolytic uremic syndrome IHR International Health Regulations IOM Institute of Medicine LAMP loop-mediated isothermal amplification MALDI matrix-assisted laser desorption–ionization MMR measles, mumps, and rubella MS mass spectroscopy NAQS National Australian Quarantine Strategy NARMS National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System NIFA National Institute of Food and Agriculture

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375 APPENDIX C NiV Nipah virus NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NORS National Outbreak Reporting System NoV norovirus OIE World Animal Health Organization (Office International des Epizooties) PCR polymerase chain reaction PFGE pulsed-field gel electrophoresis QA/QC quality assurance/quality control RNA ribonucleic acid SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome SE Salmonella serotype Enteritidis SFV simian foamy virus SIV swine influenza virus SRSV small round structured virus STEC Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli STLV simian T-lymphotropic viruses TEM transmission electron microscope UN United Nations USAID United States Agency for International Development USDA United States Department of Agriculture VTEC verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli WHO World Health Organization

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