Acronyms

ACA

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

ACOSOG

American College of Surgeons Oncology Group

ACRIN

American College of Radiology Imaging Network

AHRQ

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

AIM

Annotation and Image Markup

ARPANET

Advanced Research Projects Agency Network

ARRA

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

ASCO

American Society of Clinical Oncology

ATM

automated teller machine

 
BRIDG

Biomedical Research Integrated Domain Group

 
caBIG®

Cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid

CALGB

Cancer and Leukemia Group B

CARE

Comprehensive Accrual REsource

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CER

comparative effectiveness research

CTEP

Cancer Therapy and Evaluation Program

CTMS

clinical trial management system

CTSA

Clinical Translational Science Award

CTSU

Cancer Trials Support Unit



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Acronyms ACA Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ACOSOG American College of Surgeons Oncology Group ACRIN American College of Radiology Imaging Network AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality AIM Annotation and Image Markup ARPANET Advanced Research Projects Agency Network ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ASCO American Society of Clinical Oncology ATM automated teller machine BRIDG Biomedical Research Integrated Domain Group caBIG Cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid CALGB Cancer and Leukemia Group B CARE Comprehensive Accrual REsource CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CER comparative effectiveness research CTEP Cancer Therapy and Evaluation Program CTMS clinical trial management system CTSA Clinical Translational Science Award CTSU Cancer Trials Support Unit 99

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100 INFORMATICS NEEDS AND CHALLENGES IN CANCER RESEARCH DNA deoxyribonucleic acid ECOG Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group EHR electronic health record ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay eMAR electronic medication administration record ER estrogen receptor FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation FDA Food and Drug Administration GCP Good Clinical Practice GEO Gene Expression Omnibus GPS global positioning system HbA1c hemoglobin A1c HER2 human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act HITECH Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act i2b2 Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside IOM Institute of Medicine iPS cells induced pluripotent stem cells IRB institutional review board IT information technology NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information NCCN National Comprehensive Cancer Network NCCTG North Central Cancer Treatment Group NCI National Cancer Institute NHD Optum Natural History of Disease NIH National Institutes of Health NIMH National Institute of Mental Health NSABP National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project NSF National Science Foundation OCRe Ontology of Clinical Research

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ACRONYMS 101 ONC Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology QOPI Quality Oncology Practice Initiative P4 predictive, preventive, personalized, and participatory PACeR Partnership to Advance Clinical electronic Research PCAST President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology PCORI Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute RCT randomized, controlled trial REDCap Research Electronic Data Capture RNA ribonucleic acid RTOG Radiation Therapy Oncology Group SEER Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program SHARP Strategic HIT Advanced Resource Projects siRNA small interfering RNA SPARKS Synergistic Patient and Research Knowledge Systems SRM selected reaction monitoring SWOG formerly the Southwest Oncology Group TCGA The Cancer Genome Atlas TGen Translational Genomics Research Institute UNOS United Network for Organ Sharing

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