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FIGURE 2-1 Postwar societies are typically divided between a formal system of state law that operates on a slow timescale and a fractured assemblage of groups that operate on fast timescales, with conflict (denoted by starbursts) between and among these systems and groups. SOURCE: Unruh workshop presentation.

A fundamental need in such situations is to connect informal legal pluralism in postwar scenarios with formal law. Informal legal pluralism operates quickly, does not wait for formal legislation, and functions in an isolated manner (Figure 2-1). Formal law, in contrast, operates slowly and depends on a complex set of institutions. It can also be confrontational, both internally and with the diverse actors common in fractured postwar societies.

The Need for an Honest Broker

What is needed in this situation, according to Unruh, is someone who can broker differences both within and between the formal and informal systems (Figure 2-2). This actor should be present in the rural area but not seen as an agent enforcing the power of the state. Although extension personnel may be agents of the state, they lack the authority to enforce—their



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