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Appendix A Agenda Workshop on Adapting Agricultural Extension to Peacebuilding of the National Academies and United States Institute of Peace May 1, 2012 US Institute of Peace 2301 Constitution Avenue NW Washington, DC The goal of this workshop is to identify what peacebuilding activities could be delivered as components of existing extension services and what organizational modifications and new capabilities would be required to do so effectively. The day divides into two halves. In the morning, we will investigate how resource conflict manifests in rural communities and how extension and advisory services have been used to affect such conflict. In the afternoon, in breakout sessions, participants will brainstorm what capabilities are required to support a peacebuilding role for extension. The breakouts will address (1) what changes are required in the skills of individual extension officers, (2) what changes are required in the orga- nization of extension systems, and (3) what technological innovations are required in order for extension officers to integrate peacebuilding into their extension activities. 45

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46 ADAPTING AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION TO PEACEBUILDING 8:00 a.m. Breakfast 8:30 a.m. Welcome and Goals for the Day Ann Bartuska, USDA; Pamela Aall, USIP 8:45 a.m. Conflict in Rural Settings Conflict affects agricultural communities in multiple ways. Disagreement between communities on rights to land and water access can act as flashpoints to initiate conflict. Likewise, in the aftermath of conflict, returnees whether refugees or demobilized soldiers can create conflict by stressing a com- munity's economic and social resources. What can be natural additions to an extension officer's activities to manage these destabilizing phenomena? Speakers: Jon Unruh, McGill University Caroline Hartzell, Gettysburg College Michael Jacobs, PEACE Moderator: Pamela Aall, USIP 10:30 a.m. Break 10:45 a.m. Extension in Fragile Societies Extension agents working in rural communities are typically representatives of government with the responsibility to pro- vide information and guidance to improve agricultural pro- ductivity. What are the effects of conflict on agents' capacity to deliver such services and what examples exist of extension agents using delivery of such services as a means to manage conflict effectively? Speakers: Mark Bell, UC Davis Jim Conley, Civilian Response Corps David Nisbet, Agricultural Research Service Moderator: Ann Bartuska, USDA 12:30 p.m. Lunch

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APPENDIX A 47 1:15 p.m. Breakout Sessions Capacity Building and Training (Room B214) Extension officers support farmers by communicating infor- mation, by providing access to resources, and by organizing farmers to get to market. Given the need to continue to sup- port the technical dimensions of farming, what are the skills required for extension officers to manage conflict effectively in their communities? Organizational Change and Institution Building (Room B215) Extension systems typically operate within a Ministry of Agriculture. Following conflict, resources can be scarce, and coherent guidance even scarcer. To enable effective frontline peacebuilding activities by extension agents, what changes are required in how agents are organized, supported, and resourced? Technological Infrastructure (Room B241) Extension systems have used various communications tech- nologies (rural radio, for example) to communicate with dispersed agricultural communities. Cell phone technology is transforming what can be communicated and has created the potential for two-way conversations. How should this and other recent ICT innovations be applied in extension to man- age conflict? 3:30 p.m. Reconvene Ann Bartuska, USDA; Pamela Aall, USIP 4:30 p.m. Adjourn

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