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Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

John A. Armstrong (NAE, Chair) retired from IBM after a 30-year career with the world’s largest manufacturer of computers. He is internationally recognized as an expert in nonlinear optics, the statistical properties of laser light, picosecond pulse measurements, and the multiphoton laser spectroscopy of atoms. He previously chaired the Committee on Partnerships in Weather and Climate Services, which produced the 2003 NRC report, Fair Weather: Effective Partnership in Weather and Climate Services. Dr. Armstrong holds an A.B. in physics from Harvard College (1956) and a Ph.D. (1961) from Harvard University for research in nuclear magnetic resonance at high pressures. He joined IBM in 1963 as a research staff member. In 1976 he became director of physical sciences for the company and was responsible for a major part of IBM research in physics, chemistry, and materials science. In 1980 he was appointed to the IBM Corporate Technical Committee. In 1983 he was named vice president of logic and memory in the Research Division. In 1986 he became director of research and the following year was elected IBM vice president and director of research. In 1989 he was elected a member of the Corporate Management Board and named vice president of science and technology. Dr. Armstrong is a fellow of the Optical Society of America, the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. In 1989 he was awarded the George E. Pake Prize of the American Physical Society.

James D. Doyle earned his B.S. in atmospheric science and mathematics from the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee in 1983 and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the Pennsylvania State University in 1986 and 1991, respectively, in meteorology with an emphasis on mesoscale dynamics and numerical weather prediction. He joined the Mesoscale Modeling Section of the Naval Research Laboratory’s Marine Meteorology Division in 1992 and has served as the head of the group since 1998. Since joining NRL, he has conducted research on atmospheric processes over complex terrain, coastal air-sea interaction, and the development of high-resolution numerical weather prediction models. He is one of the primary developers of the Navy’s Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS), which is used to support operational Navy and Department of Defense interests globally, as well as basic research at NRL and numerous other universities and laboratories. Currently, he is leading efforts for improving the physical understanding and prediction of mesoscale phenomena using both deterministic and probabilistic approaches. He is a past chairman of the American Meteorological Society Committee on Mesoscale Processes and has served as an editor for the Monthly Weather Review and as a subject matter editor for the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. He is a recipient of the 2008 Top Navy Scientists and Engineers of the Year Award and



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C Biographical Sketches of Committee Members John A. Armstrong (NAE, Chair) retired from IBM of Engineering Sciences. In 1989 he was awarded the after a 30-year career with the world's largest manufac- George E. Pake Prize of the American Physical Society. turer of computers. He is internationally recognized as an expert in nonlinear optics, the statistical properties James D. Doyle earned his B.S. in atmospheric science of laser light, picosecond pulse measurements, and the and mathematics from the University of Wisconsin at multiphoton laser spectroscopy of atoms. He previously Milwaukee in 1983 and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees chaired the Committee on Partnerships in Weather from the Pennsylvania State University in 1986 and and Climate Services, which produced the 2003 NRC 1991, respectively, in meteorology with an emphasis report, Fair Weather: Effective Partnership in Weather on mesoscale dynamics and numerical weather pre- and Climate Services. Dr. Armstrong holds an A.B. diction. He joined the Mesoscale Modeling Section in physics from Harvard College (1956) and a Ph.D. of the Naval Research Laboratory's Marine Meteo- (1961) from Harvard University for research in nuclear rology Division in 1992 and has served as the head magnetic resonance at high pressures. He joined IBM of the group since 1998. Since joining NRL, he has in 1963 as a research staff member. In 1976 he became conducted research on atmospheric processes over director of physical sciences for the company and was complex terrain, coastal air-sea interaction, and the responsible for a major part of IBM research in physics, development of high-resolution numerical weather chemistry, and materials science. In 1980 he was prediction models. He is one of the primary developers appointed to the IBM Corporate Technical Commit- of the Navy's Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale tee. In 1983 he was named vice president of logic and Prediction System (COAMPS), which is used to sup- memory in the Research Division. In 1986 he became port operational Navy and Department of Defense director of research and the following year was elected interests globally, as well as basic research at NRL and IBM vice president and director of research. In 1989 numerous other universities and laboratories. Cur- he was elected a member of the Corporate Manage- rently, he is leading efforts for improving the physical ment Board and named vice president of science and understanding and prediction of mesoscale phenomena technology. Dr. Armstrong is a fellow of the Optical using both deterministic and probabilistic approaches. Society of America, the American Physical Society, the He is a past chairman of the American Meteorological American Association for the Advancement of Science, Society Committee on Mesoscale Processes and has the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the served as an editor for the Monthly Weather Review and Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. He is as a subject matter editor for the Bulletin of the American a member of the National Academy of Engineering Meteorological Society. He is a recipient of the 2008 Top and a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy Navy Scientists and Engineers of the Year Award and 69

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70 APPENDIX C is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society. He Corporation (where he initiated Vexcel's 2006 acquisi- has over 100 peer-reviewed publications. tion by Microsoft) and director of Earth science pro- grams at Ball Aerospace (responsible for developing Pamela Emch is a senior staff engineer/scientist with spaceborne instruments/missions for Earth science Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems in Redondo and meteorology). Dr. Gail received his undergraduate Beach, California. She works in Northrop's Space degree in physics and his Ph.D. in electrical engineering Systems business area on weather, climate, and envi- from Stanford University, where his research focused on ronmental remote sensing and information technology plasma physics in the Earth's magnetosphere. During activities supporting the National Oceanic and Atmo- this period, he spent a year as cosmic ray field scientist spheric Administration, the National Aeronautics and at South Pole Station. Dr. Gail has served on a number Space Administration, the Department of Defense, of National Research Council committees, including and international customers. From 2005 to 2007 she the Decadal Survey for Earth Science and Applica- was system engineering, integration, and test lead on tions from Space. He serves or has served on a variety Northrop's Geostationary Operational Environmental of corporate and organizational boards, including Peak Satellite (GOES)-R PDRR Program. Before work- Weather Resources Inc., Women in Aerospace, Imaging ing on GOES-R, Dr. Emch spent eight years on Notes magazine, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Northrop's NPOESS Program, the last two years of Administration Advisory Committee on Commercial which she relocated to Washington, D.C., to serve as Remote Sensing (acting), and the National Aeronautics Northrop's system engineering and science interface and Space Administration Applied Sciences Program to the NPOESS government program office in Silver Advisory Group. He has also served as associate edi- Spring, Maryland. Prior to that Dr. Emch man- tor for the SPIE Journal of Applied Remote Sensing and aged development of end-to-end physics/instrument/ director of industry relations for the IEEE Geoscience satellite remote sensing simulations, oversaw the and Remote Sensing Society. He has published exten- archives for environmental multimedia data, and led sively on both technical and policy issues and has been environmental data-collection and application activities cited by American Geophysical Union for excellence in for hyperspectral airborne instruments. Dr. Emch holds scientific journal review. an M.S. in aerospace engineering from the University of Southern California and a B.A. in mathematics and a David J. Gochis is currently a scientist-II at the Ph.D. in civil and environmental engineering from the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, University of California, Los Angeles, specializing in Colorado. Dr. Gochis is based in NCAR's Research water resources with a minor in atmospheric sciences. Applications Laboratory, a group that looks for She is the current past chair of the American Meteoro- research and engineering solutions to problems rel- logical Society (AMS) Board on Enterprise Economic evant to society. As a hydrometeorologist, he serves as Development, a member of the Executive Committee a liaison between hydrologists, who traditionally have of the AMS Commission on the Weather and Climate strong engineering backgrounds, and atmospheric Enterprise, and a co-chair of the Weather Coalition. scientists, who are typically oriented toward scientific research. His research focuses on coupled hydrological William B. Gail is cofounder and chief technology and meteorological forecasting problems. Dr. Gochis officer of Global Weather Corporation, a private-label earned an M.S. in bioresources engineering from provider of precision weather forecasts to businesses Oregon State University with an emphasis on water within the energy, media, and transportation sectors. resources and the agricultural applications of meteorol- He was previously director in the Startup Business ogy and atmospheric sciences. Afterward, he worked Group at Microsoft with responsibility for enabling briefly for an engineering firm, designing irrigation breakthroughs in consumer software (having held systems and assessing water resources. He earned his similar positions within the public sector and virtual Ph.D. in hydrology and water resources from the Uni- Earth organizations). Prior positions include vice versity of Arizona. From there he moved to NCAR to president of the mapping products division at Vexcel work as a postdoctoral researcher, and later he became

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APPENDIX C 71 part of the organization's permanent scientific staff. Kevin A. Kloesel is associate dean for public service Dr. Gochis also serves as co-chair of the International and outreach in the College of Atmospheric and Geo- CLIVAR panel on Variability of American Monsoon graphic Sciences at the University of Oklahoma. He Systems. is responsible for outreach programs and tours for the 50,000 people that visit the National Weather Center Eve Gruntfest is professor emeritus of geography and facility in Norman annually. In addition, he is an associ- environmental studies at the University of Colorado at ate professor in the College of Atmospheric and Geo- Colorado Springs. She has published widely and is an graphic Sciences with teaching and research interests internationally recognized expert in the specialty areas ranging from synoptic meteorology to societal impacts of warning system development and flash flooding. and decision making in weather-impacted situations. She is writing a textbook titled Weather and Society: He led the team that won the Innovations in American Integrated Studies. She serves on the NOAA Science Government Award from Harvard University and the Advisory Board. She cofounded the WAS*IS (Weather Ford Foundation for their work with the emergency and Society*Integrated Studies) movement in 2005. management community in Oklahoma. Currently, he Dr. Gruntfest received her B.A. in geography from works directly with thousands of K-12 students and Clark University and her M.A. and Ph.D. in geography teachers, as well as hundreds of emergency manage- from the University of Colorado, Boulder. ment agencies, in finding appropriate applications for weather data in local education and decision making. Holly Hartmann is director of the Arid Lands Infor- He also serves as director for the largest state climate mation Center at the University of Arizona, where she office in the country, the Oklahoma Climatological is a coinvestigator at the Climate Assessment for the Survey, and previously served as director of the Florida Southwest (CLIMAS) and led the scenario develop- Climate Center in Tallahassee. He has a B.S. in engi- ment team at the Science and Technology Center neering science from the University of Texas at Austin for the Sustainability of Semi-Arid Hydrology and and an M.S. and a Ph.D. (1990) in meteorology from Riparian Areas (SAHRA). Dr. Hartmann's research The Pennsylvania State University. has focused on making climate and water research more usable, based on engagement with stakeholders, devel- Nicholas Lampson served as a member of the U.S. opment of decision support resources and tools, and House of Representatives in Texas Districts 9 and 22 transition of decision support into sustainable opera- from 1997 to 2009. During his five terms in Congress, tions. Current projects address climate and hydrologic Lampson was chairman of the House Science Commit- forecasts, climate change scenario planning and risk tee's Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment, management, water policy in the western United States, which has oversight of the National Weather Service. and collaborative software development. She is a mem- He has a strong focus on energy issues, particularly ber of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) alternative energy, and acknowledges the important role Committee on Climate Services, the AMS Board of weather observations and forecasting play in managing Economic Enterprise Development, the Board of the an energy grid heavily reliant on alternative energy. International Environmental Modeling and Software Congressman Lampson's diverse background provides Society, the Editorial Board of the journal Environ- a unique perspective on the social aspect of weather mental Modeling and Software, and the Executive Com- forecasting. He is an active proponent of business and mittee of Carpe Diem West. She also serves on the economic growth. Both before and after his tenure in Climate Working Group of the National Oceanic and Congress, Congressman Lampson advocated for issues Atmospheric Administration Science Advisory Board. of planetary concern and now serves in advisory posi- Holly received her M.S. degree in water resources tions to a green energy company and a company aim- management from the University of Michigan, and ing to launch a satellite to measure solar flares to warn her Ph.D. in hydrology and water resources from the Earth of pending damage. As a congressman, he was University of Arizona. active in many issue-oriented Congressional caucuses.

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72 APPENDIX C John W. Madden was appointed in January 2007 as Order of Canada, Order of Ontario, MSC Patterson the director of the Division of Homeland Security and Medal, and CMOS President's Prize, and he has been Emergency Management for the State of Alaska. This elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the followed a year as the deputy director for homeland Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, security within the division. His mission is to protect and the AMS. Dr. McBean has chaired and been a lives and property from all hazards, including terror- member of enumerable national and international ism, as well as to provide response and comprehensive scientific committees, including the National Research recovery from all disasters. His state service follows a Council Committee on Partnerships in Weather and distinguished career in seven federal agencies. Most Climate Services and chair of the International Sci- recently, he served with the Transportation Security entific Committee for the World Climate Research Administration as assistant federal security director Programme. He was a counselor of the AMS (1993 to for operations. He coordinated security policies, proce- 1996). He was chair of the ICSU-ISSC-UNISDR Sci- dures, plans, and exercises with federal, state, and local ence Committee for Integrated Research on Disaster agencies throughout Alaska. Mr. Madden served in the Risk program and is president of START International U.S. Army for three years, including 20 months in and president-elect of the International Council for Vietnam performing aviation direct support. After his Science. He has published extensively. Dr. McBean military service, he joined the U.S. civil service with the received his Ph.D. in physics and oceanography from Department of the Navy. He worked in program and the University of British Columbia. project management with the Naval Weapons Engi- neering Support Activity, Naval Electronic Systems David J. McLaughlin is professor of electrical and com- Command, and the Joint Cruise Missile Project Office. puter engineering at the University of Massachusetts, After earning his degree in political science, he joined Amherst, and director of the National Science Foun- the Department of Energy working on fossil fuels dation Engineering Research Center for Collaborative programs and R&D into alternative fuels. In 1982 he Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere (CASA). CASA elected to move to Alaska with the National Weather is a partnership among academic, industry, and govern- Service. He supported their operations throughout ment researchers from 20 different organizations pur- Alaska and traveled extensively to maintain the remote suing the fundamental knowledge, enabling technolo- weather observation sites. He next worked for the gies, and system-level prototypes behind a new dense Alaskan region of the Federal Aviation Administra- radar network technology that has the potential to tion as the executive staff to the regional administrator. revolutionize how we detect, track, forecast, warn, and He also ensured continuity of operations for all FAA respond to hazardous weather events. Dr. McLaughlin operations under all hazards. He supported FEMA in received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University several exercises and served in several Disaster Field of Massachusetts, Amherst, in 1984 and 1989, respec- Offices, most notably to Puerto Rico and Florida in tively. He spent the period from 1989 through 1999 response to Hurricane Georges. on the engineering faculty at Northeastern University and joined the University of Massachusetts' electrical Gordon McBean is a Canadian atmospheric scientist and computer engineering faculty in January of 2000 and professor at the University of Western Ontario, where he was the first recipient of the UMass College and director of policy studies in the Institute for of Engineering Armstrong Professional Development Catastrophic Loss Reduction. Previously, Gordon was Professorship and he served as director of the Micro- the assistant deputy minister, Meteorological Service wave Remote Sensing Laboratory (MIRSL). His of Canada (MSC); professor and head, Department of research and teaching interests include radar design, Oceanography, University of British Columbia; profes- systems engineering, and policy-mediated dense radar sor and chairman, Atmospheric Science Programme, networks. He is a distinguished lecturer for the Ameri- University of British Columbia; and senior scientist, can Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and was Canadian Climate Centre, MSC. Dr. McBean has named a distinguished faculty member by the Univer- received many distinguished awards, including the sity of Massachusetts, Amherst Alumni Association.

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APPENDIX C 73 He has held research fellowships at the U.S. Naval International Joint Planning Staff for GARP and to Research Laboratory and the U.S. Air Force Rome undertake the task as manager of the International Laboratory and recently completed a sabbatical as an Operations Center for the First GARP Global Experi- engineering fellow at Raytheon Integrated Defense ment, an effort involving virtually every country in the Systems. world. He returned to NOAA in 1981 as director of the National Weather Service (NWS) Climate Analy- Adrian E. Raftery (NAS) is professor of statistics and sis Center at the National Meteorological Center. He sociology at the University of Washington in Seattle. was elected president of the WMO Commission for He was born in Ireland and obtained a B.A. in math- Climatology, serving for eight years in this capacity. ematics (1976) and an M.Sc. in statistics and operations In 1982 he took the position of director of the Office research (1977) at Trinity College Dublin. He obtained of Meteorology in the NWS. In 1989 he returned to a doctorate in mathematical statistics in 1980 from WMO as the director of the World Weather Watch the Universit Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris, France. (WWW) Department, which was responsible for Dr. Raftery has published over 150 refereed articles organizing and coordinating all member states to in statistical, meteorological, and other journals. His implement WMO's Global Observing System, the research focuses on the development of new statisti- Global Telecommunications System, and the Global cal methods for the social, environmental, and health Data Processing System, as well as WMO's associated sciences, including methods for probabilistic weather service programs. In 1994 he was appointed director of forecasting and the evaluation of weather forecasts. He NOAA's Environmental Research Laboratories. Since is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, retiring in 1999, he has been a consultant internation- a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sci- ally on such topics as the Global Climate Observing ences, a fellow of the American Statistical Association, System, the continued development of WWW, and the and a fellow of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics. organization and management of meteorological and He is a former coordinating and applications editor of climate services. He has served in various capacities in the Journal of the American Statistical Association. the AMS (counselor, commissioner, and fellow). He was awarded the CSU William E. Morgan Alumni James L. Rasmussen spent three years as a weather Achievement Award. officer in the U.S. Air Force following his graduation from St. Olaf College in 1958. Assigned to the Air Paul L. Smith is interim director of the Institute of Force Institute of Technology he graduated with a B.S. Atmospheric Sciences (IAS) at the South Dakota in meteorology from the University of Utah (1959) School of Mines and Technology. He started as a and served as a weather officer at the 8th Air Force research engineer in the IAS, working his way up the Forecast Center at Westover Air Force Base from 1959 ladder as chief engineer to engineering group head and to 1961. Upon discharge he entered graduate school senior scientist to become the director of the institute at Colorado State University (CSU), Department of in 1981. He served in that position until 1996, at Atmospheric Science, earning his Ph.D. in 1968 with which time he retired from full-time duties and was research interests in hydrometeorology, tropical meteo- designated professor emeritus. Dr. Smith was also rology, and climate studies. He remained at CSU as a named the facility manager for the National Science faculty member until 1972 when he joined the NOAA's Foundationsupported T-28 Research Aircraft Facility, Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP) which was housed at the IAS, and served in that posi- Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) project office tion from 1985 to 2005. He then retired but was called as the science coordinator for the U.S. contribution back to duty as interim director for the school's 2011 to this international field project involving some 13 fiscal year. He has taught radar meteorology, physical countries. He was awarded the Department of Com- meteorology, and microwave engineering. Dr. Smith's merce Gold Medal for his work on GATE. In 1976 major research interests are in radar meteorology, cloud he moved to the World Meteorological Organization physics, and weather modification. He chaired the (WMO) in Geneva, Switzerland, to participate in the National Research Council Committee on Weather

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74 APPENDIX C Radar Technology Beyond NEXRAD, the Commit- Science Advisory Board's Environmental Information tee to Assess NEXRAD Flash Flood Forecasting Services Working Group. During his 27-year profes- Capabilities at Sulphur Mountain, California, and the sional career, Mr. Toohey-Morales has worked in the Committee on the Evaluation of the Multi-function public sector (as a forecaster for the National Weather Phased Array Radar Planning Process. Paul Smith has Service) and in the private sector (as a certified con- received the Award for Meritorious Civilian Service, sulting meteorologist and a broadcast meteorologist). U.S. Air Force Air Weather Service (1975); the Editor's He also participates within the academic sector as Award, Journal of Applied Meteorology, AMS (1992); the an adjunct professor of meteorology. He attained his Thunderbird Award, Weather Modification Associa- B.S. in atmospheric sciences from Cornell University tion (1995); and was named a national associate by the in 1984. WMO-sponsored training at the National National Research Council (2004). He was selected as Hurricane Center and the University of Miami in AMS's Remote Sensing Lecturer for 2006. Dr. Smith 1988 garnered him several credits of master's-level has more than 70 refereed publications in engineering meteorology courses. He attained his AMS Certified and scientific journals or books and presented more Consulting Meteorologist (CCM) designation in 1997. than 100 papers at professional society meetings. He is one of only a handful of AMS members with both the CCM and Certified Broadcast Meteorologist John Toohey-Morales is chief meteorologist at WTVJ- accreditations. Mr. Toohey-Morales is past president of TV NBC-6 in Miami, Florida. He is also founder and the National Council of Industrial Meteorologists and president of ClimaData Corporation, a commercial a member of the National Weather Association (NWA) weather firm providing specialized forecasts for gov- and the International Association of Broadcast Meteo- ernment, industry, and media. Mr. Toohey-Morales is rologists. In 2005, he served as private-sector envoy a fellow of the AMS and currently serves on the AMS to the U.S. Delegation at the 57th WMO Executive Fellows Committee. From 2004 to 2010 he served as Council meeting in Geneva, Switzerland. He won the AMS Commissioner on Professional Affairs, oversee- AMS Award for Outstanding Contribution to Applied ing the Society's certification programs, its continuing Meteorology in 2007, the AMS Award for Broadcast education efforts, as well as the private and public Meteorology in 2004, and the NWA Broadcaster of the sector meteorologist boards. He is part of NOAA's Year Award in 2003.