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FIGURE 7.1 Education data for scientific disciplines related to climate model development indicate that the pipeline for climate model developers is not flowing robustly. The upper two panels show the trend in Ph.D. degrees (first panel) and bachelor’s degrees (second panel) awarded over the past decade, showing no increase for the category of “Earth, Atmospheric, and Ocean Sciences.” The third panel shows the percentage of females awarded doctorates over the past decade, showing relatively low percentages (less than 50 percent) for several fields related to climate modeling. The fourth panel shows the percent-



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