tate componentwise interoperability and data exchange across the full hierarchy of global and regional models and model types in the United States.

Recommendation 10.2: In order to address the climate data needs of decision makers and other users, the United States should invest in more research aimed at improving the performance of climate models on the highly concurrent computer architectures expected in the next 10-20 years, and should sustain the availability of state-of-the-art computing systems for climate modeling.

Recommendation 10.3: The United States should support transformational research to bring analysis to data rather than the other way around in order to make the projected data volumes useful.

Recommendation 10.4: The data-sharing infrastructure for supporting international and national model intercomparisons and other simulations of broad interest—including archiving and distributing model outputs to the research and user communities—is essential for the U.S. climate modeling enterprise and should be supported as an operational backbone for climate research and serving the user community.

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