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APPENDIX B Community Input I n addition to reviewing relevant literature and using its expert judgment to write this report, the committee was responsible for providing opportunities for input from a full range of relevant stakeholders. This was facilitated through five open ses- sion meetings held in various cities around the United States (Washington, DC; Seattle, Washington; Irvine, California; and Boulder, Colorado), a series of interviews, and a climate modeling questionnaire. The open session meetings included one community workshop held in April 2011 in Boulder, Colorado, and involved a wide range of stake- holders from labs, agencies, academic institutions, international organizations, and the broad user community. All workshop participants were also asked to answer a three- question questionnaire to share their thoughts about the current climate modeling landscape and ideas for a future strategy. The following individuals participated in at least one of the committee’s open session meetings and provided valuable input: D. James Baker, William J. Clinton Foundation Anjuli Bamzai, NSF Pete Beckman, ANL David Behar, San Francisco Public Utilities Commission Cecilia Bitz, University of Washington Andy Brown, UK Met Office Frank Bryan, NCAR Bill Collins, University of California, Berkeley David Considine, NASA Ted Cope, NGA David Dewitt, Columbia University Scott Doney, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Steve Easterbrook, University of Toronto Dave Easterling, NOAA Paul Edwards, University of Michigan Jack Fellows, NCAR Baruch Fischhoff, Carnegie Mellon University Joe Friday, University of Oklahoma (Professor Emeritus) Gregg Garfin, University of Arizona Gary Geernaert, DOE Peter Gent, NCAR 269
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APPENDIX B Jin Huang, NOAA Kathy Jacobs, OSTP Laurna Kaatz, Denver Water Jill Karsten, NSF Jeremy Kepner, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Jeff Kiehl, NCAR Tim Killeen, NSF Ben Kirtman, University of Miami Chet Koblinsky, NOAA Arun Kumar, NOAA Bryan Lawrence, British Atmospheric Data Centre Stu Levenbach, OMB S.J. Lin, NOAA Rich Loft, NCAR Steve Lord, NOAA Johannes Loschnigg, OSTP Jim McWilliams, University of California, Los Angeles Jerry Meehl, NCAR Phil Mote, Oregon State University Tim Palmer, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Bill Putman, NASA Erik Pytlak, Bonneville Power Administration V. Ramaswamy, GFDL David Randall, Colorado State University Michele Rienecker, NASA Todd Ringler, LANL Rick Rosen, NOAA Jagadish Shukla, George Mason University Graeme Stephens, Colorado State University Karl Taylor, Lawrence Livermore National Lab Claudia Tebaldi, Climate Central Rear Admiral David Titley, Navy Kevin Trenberth, NCAR Louis Uccellini, National Centers for Environmental Prediction Andrew Weaver, University of Victoria Mike Wehner, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory As described in Chapter 2, there have been a number of previous reports from the National Research Council and other organizations that have recommended activities 270
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Appendix B to improve climate modeling in the United States. To inform the committee on ideas of what impacted the effectiveness of these previous reports, interviews were con- ducted with 11 individuals (listed below) who either held positions where they could use report recommendations to bolster policy decisions, or were in positions directly impacted by actions taken as a result of the report findings. These interviews were conducted by three researchers who have experience with climate-related research and have conducted interviews previously, but who had no affiliation with the current or previous reports. The interviewees were asked about their experiences and opin- ions on previous NRC reports, about their thoughts on important aspects of a national strategy for advancing climate modeling, and about their opinions on previous com- munity efforts related to software infrastructure. No individual comments are attrib- uted to the interviewees, but rather the information from these interviews was used to draw out general lessons, which are described in Chapter 2. Interviewees David Bader, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory D. James Baker, William J. Clinton Foundation Rosina Bierbaum, University of Michigan Guy Brasseur, Climate Service Center (Germany) Paul Edwards, University of Michigan David Evans, Noblis Robert Ferraro, NASA James Fischer, NASA Timothy Killeen, National Science Foundation David Randall, Colorado State University Mariana Vertenstein, NCAR Interviewers Dr. Steve Easterbrook, University of Toronto Dr. Christine Kirchhoff, University of Michigan Dr. Jessica O’Reilly, St. John’s University 271
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