to improve climate modeling in the United States. To inform the committee on ideas of what impacted the effectiveness of these previous reports, interviews were conducted with 11 individuals (listed below) who either held positions where they could use report recommendations to bolster policy decisions, or were in positions directly impacted by actions taken as a result of the report findings. These interviews were conducted by three researchers who have experience with climate-related research and have conducted interviews previously, but who had no affiliation with the current or previous reports. The interviewees were asked about their experiences and opinions on previous NRC reports, about their thoughts on important aspects of a national strategy for advancing climate modeling, and about their opinions on previous community efforts related to software infrastructure. No individual comments are attributed to the interviewees, but rather the information from these interviews was used to draw out general lessons, which are described in Chapter 2.


David Bader, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

D. James Baker, William J. Clinton Foundation

Rosina Bierbaum, University of Michigan

Guy Brasseur, Climate Service Center (Germany)

Paul Edwards, University of Michigan

David Evans, Noblis

Robert Ferraro, NASA

James Fischer, NASA

Timothy Killeen, National Science Foundation

David Randall, Colorado State University

Mariana Vertenstein, NCAR


Dr. Steve Easterbrook, University of Toronto

Dr. Christine Kirchhoff, University of Michigan

Dr. Jessica O’Reilly, St. John’s University

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