are substantial and unlikely to be duplicated in the future. Going forward, the technical advances in modeling and analysis infrastructure, the accomplishments in the reductions of barriers in infrastructure adoption, and the emergence of participatory communities are essential elements of a national strategy to advance climate modeling.

The committee’s analysis is that USGCRP is a necessary element of the governance of the federal community; however, it is not sufficient. Simply coordinating, more tightly, federal budgets through the current programs does not ensure the necessary synthesis nor does it ensure balanced investment across all of the parts of the climate enterprise. Thus, we propose that mechanisms for governance of cross-agency climate modeling activities would be best served if they are strongly anchored in the working level, i.e., through working groups and community-based planning. The development of a sustained, community-wide integrating activity in parallel with the activities of USGCRP is an essential element of governance; therefore, such a group would need to develop credibility with cross-agency funding activities, i.e., with USGCRP, as having strategic and programmatic goals in balance.

Finding 2.4: Previous reports have consistently called for more coordination and consolidation of climate modeling agencies and institutions, but these have met with limited success. The emergence of bottom-up community governance offers new strategies for working-level decision making to support integrated and balanced planning and implementation.

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