nonprofit educational organization that works to advance and improve earth science education at all levels. Previously, as a research scientist at the University of Michigan, she started Windows to the Universe, an award winning web-based educational tool. She serves on numerous advisory boards for projects in science education, outreach, and diversity and has extensive experience advising the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, and a variety of professional societies. She is the chair of the International Council for Science’s Ad Hoc Review Panel on Science Education. She has B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees, the latter in geophysics and space physics, from the University of California, Los Angeles.

MATT LAPPE is a program officer at the Alliance for Climate Education (ACE), Colorado. Before joining ACE, Mr. Lappe worked as a policy analyst for the Tomales Bay Institute, where he helped Peter Barnes develop the Cap and Dividend climate policy framework, now advocated by politicians across the country. He taught at a small charter high school in Mendocino County, where he headed the science and social studies departments, and he founded the Sustainable Energy Education Program. He has a B.S. and an M.S. from Stanford University’s Earth Systems Program; he has also studied paleoclimate and environmental hydrology throughout Patagonia, Vietnam, and Cambodia.

KAREN LIONBERGER is the director of curriculum and content development for the College Board’s Advanced Placement (AP) environmental science and AP physics courses. She taught AP environmental science for many years in Atlanta, where she also worked with the Georgia Department of Education as a workshop consultant for AP teachers. For six years, she served as an AP environmental science exam reader for the College Board. She has worked on numerous projects as a coauthor and content editor for instructor’s guides and student study guides that support the AP environmental science curriculum. In 2010, she coauthored a new student study guide called Fast Track to a Five: Preparing for the AP Environmental Science Exam.

THOMAS MARCINKOWSKI is the Acopian program chair of the graduate program in environmental education at the Florida Institute of Technology and coordinator of the university-wide undergraduate Quality Enhancement Program. He is active in the efforts of the North American Association for Environmental Education (NAAEE) to enhance the preparation and professional development of environmental education, serving on the writing team and as a reviewer for the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education Standards, as secretary to the



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