FIGURE 2-4 Open-pond designs for algae cultivation: schematic of raceway design (a), Earthrise raceways (b), Cyanotech raceways (c), Sapphire Energy raceways (d), and Phyco raceways (e).
SOURCES: (a) Adapted from Spirulina Source (Spirulinasource, 1999).
(b) Earthrise (Algae Energy, 2012a). Reprinted with permission from Algae Energy.
(c) Cyanotech (2012). Reprinted with permission from Cyanotech.
(d) Sapphire (Mveda, 2011). Reprinted with permission from Sapphire and Mveda.
(e) Phyco Biosciences (Edwards, 2010). Reprinted with permission from Algae Industry Magazine.
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2 Overview of Algal Biofuel Supply Chain ."
Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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