D

Acronyms

AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
AD antiproton decelerator
AEGIS Antihydrogen Experiment Gravity Interferometry Spectroscopy
AGATA Advanced Gamma Tracking Array
AGS Alternating Gradient Synchrotron
ALICE A Large Ion Collider Experiment
ALTO Accélérateur Linéaire auprès du Tandem d’Orsay (Linear Accelerator Near the Tandem of Orsay)
AMS accelerator mass spectrometry
ANDES Agua Negra Deep Experiment Site
ANDESLab Agua Negra Deep Experiment Site Lab
ANL Argonne National Laboratory
APCTP Asian Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics
APPA Atomic, Plasma Physics and Applications (collaboration)
APS American Physical Society
ARIEL Advanced Rare Isotope Laboratory
ATLAS Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System
ATTA atom trap trace analysis
AURA Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy
AVF azimuthal varying field
                     
BaBar B and B-bar experiment


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D Acronyms AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science AD antiproton decelerator AEGIS Antihydrogen Experiment Gravity Interferometry Spectroscopy AGATA Advanced Gamma Tracking Array AGS Alternating Gradient Synchrotron ALICE A Large Ion Collider Experiment ALTO Accélérateur Linéaire auprès du Tandem d’Orsay (Linear Accelerator Near the Tandem of Orsay) AMS accelerator mass spectrometry ANDES Agua Negra Deep Experiment Site ANDESLab Agua Negra Deep Experiment Site Lab ANL Argonne National Laboratory APCTP Asian Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics APPA Atomic, Plasma Physics and Applications (collaboration) APS American Physical Society ARIEL Advanced Rare Isotope Laboratory ATLAS Argonne Tandem Linear Accelerator System ATTA atom trap trace analysis AURA Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy AVF azimuthal varying field BaBar B and B-bar experiment 253

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254 Nuclear Physics BEC Bose-Einstein condensate BEPCII Beijing Electron Positron Collider II BES-III Beijing Spectrometer III BGO bismuth orthogermanate BNL Brookhaven National Laboratory BPA Board on Physics and Astronomy BRIF Beijing Rare Ion Beam Facility BSI Basic Science Institute CAREER Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program (NSF) CBM Compressed Baryonic Matter CEBAF Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility CERN Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire (European Organization for Nuclear Research) CEU Conference Experience for Undergraduates CGC color glass condensate CI configuration interaction CKM Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa CLEO Short for “Cleopatra” (a general-purpose particle detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring CMS Compact Muon Solenoid CNEA Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica (National Atomic Energy Commission) COMPASS Common Muon and Proton Apparatus for Structure and Spectroscopy COSY Cooler Sychrotron facility (Germany) CP combination of C-symmetry and P-symmetry CT computed tomography CUORE Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events CXC Chandra X-Ray Observatory CZT cadmium zinc telluride DANCE Detector for Advanced Neutron Capture Experiments DESIR Désintégration, Excitation et Stockage d’Ions Radioactifs (disintegration, excitation, and storage of radioactive ions) DESY Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron (German Electron Synchrotron) DFT density functional theory DNP Division of Nuclear Physics DOE Department of Energy

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A pp e n d i x D 255 DUSEL Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory EBIS Electron Beam Ion Source ECT* European Center for Nuclear Theory and Related Areas EDM electric dipole moment EFT effective field theory EIC electron-ion collider ELENA Extra Low Energy Antiproton Ring ELI-NP Extreme Light Infrastructure ELSA Electron Stretcher and Accelerator EMC European Muon Collaboration EMMI Extreme Matter Institute EOS equation of state ESA European Space Agency ESR experimental storage ring EURISOL European ISOL facility EXO Enriched Xenon Observatory FACA Federal Advisory Committee Act FAIR Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research FDG fluorodeoxyglucose FEL free-electron laser FLAIR Facility for Low-Energy Antiproton and Ion Research FNAL Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory FNPB Fundamental Neutron Physics Beamline FRIB Facility for Rare Isotope Beams FUSTIPEN French-U.S. Theory Institute for Physics with Exotic Nuclei GANIL Grand Accélérateur National d’Ions Lourds (Large Heavy Ion National Accelerator) GlueX gluon experiment at JLAB GRETA Gamma Ray Energy Tracking Array GRETINA Gamma Ray Energy Tracking In-Beam Nuclear Array GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center GSI Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (Heavy Ion Research Center, now the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research GmbH) HERA Hadron-Elektron-Ring-Anlage HEU highly enriched uranium HIE-ISOLDE High Intensity and Energy ISOLDE

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256 Nuclear Physics HIGS High Intensity Gamma Source HIRFL-CSR Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou-Cooler Storage Ring HPGe high-purity germanium HRIBF Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility HST Hubble Space Telescope IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency ICF inertial confinement fusion IJMPE International Journal of Modern Physics-E ILL Institut Laue-Langevin INO India-based Neutron Observatory INT Institute for Nuclear Theory IR infrared ISAC-I Isotope Separator and Accelerator (part 1) ISAC-II Isotope Separator and Accelerator (part 2) ISOL Isotope Separator Online ISOLDE Isotope Separator Online Detector ITER International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor IUPAP International Union for Pure and Applied Physics JILA Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics JINA Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics JINR Joint Institute for Nuclear Research JLAB Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility J-PARC Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory JPS Japanese Physical Society JSC Jülich Supercomputing Center JUGENE Jülich Blue Gene JUSEIPEN Japan-U.S. Experimental Institute for Physics with Exotic Nuclei JUSTIPEN Japan-U.S. Theory Institute for Physics with Exotic Nuclei KamLAND KAMioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector KamLAND-Xen KAMioka Liquid Scintillator Antineutrino Detector-Xenon KATRIN KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino KEI or K Japanese Supercomputer (named for word “kei,” meaning 10 quadrillion) KEK Kō Enerugī Kasokuki Kenkyū Kikō (High Energy Accelerator Research Organization) KoRia Korea Rare Isotope Accelerator

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A pp e n d i x D 257 LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory LANSCE Los Alamos Neutron Science Center LBNL Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LHC Large Hadron Collider LIGO Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory LINAC linear particle accelerator LLC low-level counting LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LMA large mixing angle LRP long-range plan LSDS Lead Slowing-Down Spectrometer LSO lutetium orthosilicate LUNA Laboratory for Underground Nuclear Physics MAMI Mainz Microtron MAX-lab Microtron Accelerator for X-ray Production (National Electron Accelerator Laboratory for Synchrotron Radiation Research, Nuclear Physics, and Accelerator Physics) MEGa-Ray Mono-Energetic Gamma-Ray facility (LLNL) MERCOSUR Mercado Común del Sur (Common Southern Market) MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MoNA Modular Neutron Array MOX mixed oxide fuel MRI magnetic resonance image/imaging MSU Michigan State University MTAS Modular Total Absorption Spectrometer N neutron number NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NESR new ESR NFS Neutron for Science NIF National Ignition Facility NIH National Insitutes of Health NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NNSA National Nuclear Security Administration NORDITA Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics, aka Nordic Institute for Theoretical and Atomic Physics NPAC nuclear, particle, astrophysics and cosmology NPT Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty NRC National Research Council NSAC Nuclear Science Advisory Committee

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258 Nuclear Physics NSCL National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory NSERC Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada NSF National Science Foundation NSM New Standard Model NuPECC Nuclear Physics European Collaboration Committee NuSTAR Nuclear Structure, Astrophysics and Reactions OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory ORRUBA Oak Ridge–Rutgers University Barrel Array PANDA Antiproton Annihilation at Darmstadt PET positron emission tomography PHENIX Pioneering High-Energy Nuclear Interaction Experiment PI principal investigator PMT photomultiplier tube POPA Panel on Public Affairs PPC p-type point contact PREX Lead Radius Experiment PSI Paul Scherrer Institut PV parity violating QCD quantum chromodynamics QCDOC QCD on a chip QED quantum electrodynamics QGP quark-gluon plasma Qs gluon momentum scale below which saturation is thought to arise RBRC RIKEN-BNL Research Center RCNP Research Center for Nuclear Physics REX-ISOLDE Radioactive Beam Experiment at ISOLDE RHIC Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider RIB radioactive ion beam RIBF Radioactive Ion Beam Facility RIBRAS Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil RIKEN Rikagaku Kenkyujo (Institute of Physical and Chemical Research) RISAC Rare Isotope Science Assessment Committee

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A pp e n d i x D 259 SCET soft-collinear effective theory SciDAC Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing S-DALINAC Superconducting Darmstadt LINAC SEU single event upset SIS (number) Schwerionen Synchrotron [numbers following indicate magnetic rigidity in tesla-meters (T m)] SK Super-Kamiokande SLAC Stanford Linear Accelerator Center SNO Sudbury Neutrino Observatory SNO+ SNO experiment with liquid scintillator SNS Spallation Neutron Source SPECT Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography SPIRAL Système de Production d’Ions Radioactifs Accélérés en Ligne (System for Producing Online Accelerated Radioactive Ions) SPIRAL2 new version of SPIRAL (in planning stages) SRF superconducting radiofrequency SSAA Stewardship Science Academic Alliance SSRF Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility STAR Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC STScI Space Telescope Science Institute SURF Sanford Underground Research Facility TAMU Texas A&M University TANDAR Tandem Accelerator TPC time projection chamber TRIUMF Tri-University Meson Facility TWINSOL twin dual superconducting solenoid magnets UNILAC Universal Linear Accelerator USAF U.S. Air Force USQCD U.S. lattice QCD VIRGO Virtual Roentgen and Gamma Observatory WCU world-class university WIMP weakly interacting massive particle WIPP Waste Isolation Pilot Plant WNSL Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory Z proton number

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