(7) According to the 2007 Report of the Department of Defense Task Force on Mental Health, 20 percent of married soldiers planned to separate or divorce.
(8) According to the 2007 Report of the Department of Defense Task Force on Mental Health, relationship problems are the top risk factor for suicide. Mental disorders, alcohol and substance use disorders, and significant stress are other significant risk factors for suicide. The National Violent Death Reporting System of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention determined that, of a group of former or current military personnel who died by suicide in 2005, 17.2 percent had an alcohol problem and 7.7 percent had a problem with other substances. The suicide prevention action network (SPAN) reports a 20 percent increase in suicide among members of the Armed Forces on active duty, 89 suicides in 2007 with 32 deaths under investigation, and a rise of attempted suicides by soldiers by 6 times higher than it was at the start of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
(9) While some commands and facilities in the Armed Forces provide outstanding services for members of the Armed Forces for substance use disorders, the prevention, diagnosis, mitigation, treatment, and management of, and research on, substance use disorders in members of the Armed Forces is inconsistent in availability, structure, and success among the various Armed Forces.
SEC. 3. COMPREHENSIVE PLAN ON PREVENTION, DIAGNOSIS, MITIGATION, TREATMENT, AND MANAGEMENT OF SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS IN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.
(a) Review and Assessment of Current Capabilities-
(1) IN GENERAL- Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, conduct a comprehensive review of the programs and activities of the Department of Defense for the prevention, diagnosis, mitigation, treatment, and management of, and research on, substance use disorders in members of the Armed Forces.
(2) ELEMENTS- The review conducted under paragraph (1) shall include, but not be limited to, an assessment of each of the following:
(A) The current state and effectiveness of the programs of the Department of Defense and the military departments relating to the prevention, diagnosis, mitigation, treatment, and management of,